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1,216 Possible Causes for Seizure, White Matter Lesions

  • Urea Cycle Disorder

    Histopathologically, cortical atrophy, basal ganglia lesions and white matter damage may be observed.[symptoma.com] However, seizures can also occur without metabolic decompensation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Symmetric cystic lesions at the gray matter-white matter junction, especially in the sulcal depth of the frontal, parietal, hippocampal, and insular regions, are known early[ajnr.org]

  • Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis

    CT or MRI may show cortical atrophy or white matter lesions.[merckmanuals.com] This report describes a 5-year-old boy with an atypical feature of SSPE, generalized seizures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] MRI can reveal multifocal white-matter lesions. Treatment The course of SSPE is variable, but it can last for years. There is no definitive treatment.[epilepsy.com]

  • Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy

    matter lesions on brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ; Seizures; Survivors[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] OBJECTIVE: To analyze SWI hypointensities recently described in U-fibers and cortex adjacent to the white matter lesions of PML.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Binswanger Disease

    Abstract OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence of MRI features of Binswanger's disease (BD), specifically MRI with diffuse white matter lesions and scattered multiple lacunes[zora.uzh.ch] Abnormal electrical disturbances in the brain may cause seizures. Binswanger's symptoms may be elusive in both appearance and degree.[encyclopedia.com] The white matter lesions are usually small, commonly grouped around the frontal and occipital horns and in the centrum semiovale.[radiopaedia.org]

  • Hyponatremia

    Hattingen, Differential Diagnosis of White Matter Lesions: Nonvascular Causes—Part II, Clinical Neuroradiology, 10.1007/s00062-013-0267-1, 24, 2, (93-110), (2014).[doi.org] Post-transplant seizures are uncommon in young kidney transplant recipients but can be harbingers of devastating outcomes such as cerebral edema and death.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety of eslicarbazepine acetate (ESL) in new onset elderly poststroke seizure patients, especially with respect to hyponatremia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Stroke

    matter lesions (SWMLs) in the cerebral small vessel disease are limited.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Twenty patients (40%) had a single seizure, and most seizures (34, or 68%) were simple partial seizures or partial seizures with 2 generalization.[doi.org] Baloh RW, Yue Q, Socotch TM, Jacobson KM: White matter lesions and disequilibrium in older people. I. Case-control comparison. Arch Neurol 1995;52:970–974.[dx.doi.org]

  • Neonatal Seizures

    BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Some full-term neonates presenting seizures show diffusion-restricted lesions in the cerebral white matter on brain diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] of such seizures to standard anticonvulsants.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] , allows neonatal seizures to be viewed as clinical syndromes with predictable outcomes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    […] on the white matter.[scientificamerican.com] Report of a case of SESA syndrome: a rare CNS complication of chronic alcoholism, known since 1981 and characterized by epileptic seizures, multiple and reversible neurological[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The first had been admitted with confusion and weight loss, the second with hypotension and sepsis, and the third with confusion and hypoglycaemia-induced seizures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypertensive Encephalopathy

    Diffuse white matter (WM) lesions are marked in fronto parietal peri ventricular white matter as confluent ill defined hypodensity on CT / hyper intensity on MRI T2 and FLAIR[neuroradiologycases.com] RESULTS: We identified 8233 patients with HE, 191 091 with seizure, and 308 680 with transient ischemic attack.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] and deep white matter, basal ganglia grey matter, and brainstem.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Head Injury

    […] deep in the white matter of the left parieto-occipital junction.[doi.org] Acute encephalopathy with biphasic seizures and late reduced diffusion (AESD) presents a distinct clinical course of biphasic seizures and impaired consciousness.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] with mild injuries and early seizures also had late unprovoked seizures.[content.nejm.org]

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