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813 Possible Causes for Severe Cognitive Deficits

  • Acute Alcohol Intoxication

    Alcohol abuse has severe effects on neurodevelopmental outcome, such as learning disabilities, memory deficits, and decreased cognitive performance.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Several long-term effects of alcohol abuse in children and adolescents are well described.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Anemia

    MECHANISMS Several mechanisms linking anemia to altered cognition are possible.[web.archive.org] However, failure of response to treatment does not necessarily negate the presence of a causal relationship because it is possible that the developmental deficit is irremediable[web.archive.org]

  • Insomnia

    , hyperthermia, and diaphoresis), and significant cognitive and motor deficits.[emedicine.medscape.com] FFI involves a severe disruption of the physiologic sleep pattern that progresses to hallucinations, a rise in catecholamine levels, autonomic disturbances (tachycardia, hypertension[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Cold Exposure

    This study aimed to determine if severe cold exposure impairs human cognition and if dietary supplementation with TYR would ameliorate such deficits.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Concomitant changes in the animals' behavioral responses to stress suggest that TYR might have similar effects on central catecholamines and cognition in humans exposed to[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Alcohol Abuse

    Despite these severe complications, the patient made a good recovery following ICU and plasma exchange with fresh frozen plasma (FFP), but cognitive deficit still existed[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] with Relapse and Cognitive‐Physiological Deficits, Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 42, 11, (2266-2273), (2018).[doi.org] Pierre Maurage, Séverine Lannoy, Valérie Dormal, Marine Blanco and Jean‐Baptiste Trabut, Clinical Usefulness of the Iowa Gambling Task in Severe Alcohol Use Disorders: Link[doi.org]

  • Malnutrition

    deficits.[emedicine.com] The degree of delay and deficit depends on the severity and duration of nutritional compromise and the age at which malnutrition occurs.[emedicine.com] […] young children who have malnutrition frequently demonstrate developmental delay in delayed achievement of motor skills, delayed mental development, and may have permanent cognitive[emedicine.com]

  • Hypoglycemia

    […] seizures, loss of consciousness, cognitive deficits, and altered mental status.[disabilitybenefitscenter.org] Ongoing maturation of the central nervous system puts these children at greater risk for cognitive deficits as a consequence of HU[ 58 ].[doi.org] Deficits in cognitive functioning have been found to occur during hypoglycaemic events [ 8, 9 ], and in one study over one-fifth of patients with Type 2 diabetes were found[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    Chronic excessive alcohol consumption is associated with cognitive deficits, ranging from mild to severe, in executive functions, memory, and metacognitive abilities, with[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Most persistent central nervous system effects include cognitive deficits, severe memory impairment, and degenerative changes in the cerebellum (leading to poor balance and[mentalhealth.com] A working definition, as proposed by the World Congress of Gastroenterology, suggests that persistent HE includes cognitive deficits, which impact negatively on social and[bestpractice.bmj.com]

  • Alzheimer Disease

    This case report describes an 81-year-old female with moderately severe Alzheimer disease who, in spite of some severe cognitive deficits, is able to express impressive humor[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The clinical examination revealed cognitive deficits in several domains. The patient scored 12 in the Mini-Mental State Examination.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] severity.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Obesity

    Gitalee Sarker and Daria Peleg-Raibstein, Maternal Overnutrition Induces Long-Term Cognitive Deficits across Several Generations, Nutrients, 10.3390/nu11010007, 11, 1, (7)[doi.org]

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