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1,520 Possible Causes for sham

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  • Dementia

    Three preliminary explorative single sessions (right-side anodal, left-side anodal and sham tDCS) were carried out (Experiment 1).[]

  • Osteoporosis

    In the orchidectomy arm, the rats were either sham-operated (n 8) or orchidectomized (n 8).[] Thirty adult female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into a control group with sham surgery (n   15) and an ovariectomy group with bilateral oophorectomy (n   [] A murine study, in which either the mice's ovaries were removed or sham operations were performed, found that IL-6 and granulocyte-macrophage CFU levels were much higher in[]

  • Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

    […] a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of an oral warfarin dose adjusted to an international normalized ratio (INR) response of 2.0 to 3.0, compared with a sham[]

  • Ovulation

    […] citrate without success) were randomly allocated (1:1) using computer-generated numbers into intervention (received endometrial injury on cycle day 15-24) or control groups (sham[]

  • Chronic Pain

    Randomised and quasi-randomised studies of rTMS, CES, tDCS, RINCE and tRNS if they employed a sham stimulation control group, recruited patients over the age of 18 years with[] A 2009 study that used brain scans showed that people getting real, but not sham, acupuncture had changes in nerve pathways running downward from the brain to the rest of[] One study (36 participants) of CES versus sham for quality of life (measured using the FIQ) at short-term follow-up demonstrated a positive effect (MD -25.05 95% CI -37.82[]

  • Trigger Finger

    With the injection, patients received no vibration (control group), ultrasound vibration (sham control group), or vibration (experimental group).[] Anticipated VAS pain scores were 45, 48, and 50 and actual VAS pain scores were 56, 56, and 63 for the vibration, control, and sham control groups, respectively.[]

  • Recurrent Acute Pancreatitis

    In patients with normal SOM (n 20), 27.3% of those who received BES and 11.1% of those who received the sham surgery had recurrent acute pancreatitis (95% confidence interval[] […] sphincterotomy (BES) or a combination of biliary and pancreatic sphincterotomy (DES); patients who underwent normal SOM (n 20) were assigned randomly to groups that received BES or a sham[]

  • Yellow Fever Virus

    No toxicity (weight loss or mortality) was observed at a dose of 100 mg/kg/day in sham-infected control animals.[]

  • Trypanosoma Brucei

    This represented an improvement in trypanocidal potency of at least 200-fold, and up to 10 000-fold, compared with that of non-LC-coupled parent compounds 2,4-DHBA and SHAM[] We investigated a chemical strategy to boost the trypanocidal activity of 2,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid (2,4-DHBA)- and salicylhydroxamic acid (SHAM)-based trypanocides with triphenylphosphonium[]

  • Hyperaldosteronism

    A single public hospital (Caritas Medical Centre) and all five associated general out-patient clinics in Sham Shui Po district in Hong Kong.[] Estimated point prevalence of primary hyperaldosteronism among hypertensive patients treated in the public sector of Sham Shui Po district.[]

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