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431 Possible Causes for Skull Fracture, Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

  • Endocrine Dysfunction

    Neuro-endocrine deficiencies have been argued to be common sequelae after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients with a skull bone fracture had a higher risk of developing pituitary dysfunction at the 1-year follow up (p value   0.001).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Skull bone fracture and intracranial hemorrhage may be associated with short and long-term post-traumatic pituitary dysfunction, respectively.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Head Injury

    A 42-year-old male presented with a rare case of delayed aneurysmal formation of the intracranial ophthalmic artery after closed head injury manifesting as subarachnoid hemorrhage[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Of these, 22 examinations demonstrated skull fractures and one examination identified intracranial haemorrhage.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Autopsy revealed a spectrum of head injuries including, contusions, fractures, bilateral acute subdural hemorrhages, subarachnoid hemorrhages, brain contusion-lacerations[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Traffic Accident

    The medico-legal autopsy showed subarachnoid hemorrhage and ruptured aneurysm on the lateral side of the clip.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Over 80% of the subdural and epidural haematomas were associated with skull fractures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] of the nuchal muscle, ring fracture of the base of the skull, subarachnoid hemorrhage at the base of the brain, multiple rib fractures, anterior compression fracture of the[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Meningioma

    The aim of this study was to develop a guide for the management of non-subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) intracerebral aneurysms co-existing with meningiomas.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Meningiomas have been found in places where skull fractures have occurred. They've also been found in places where the surrounding membrane has been scarred.[webmd.com] Meningiomas can cause subarachnoid, intraparenchymal, and rarely intratumoral hemorrhage.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Intracerebral Hematoma

    We report a patient with sequential intracerebral hematoma in bilateral basal ganglia after an aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] He was found to have skull fractures and an intracerebral hematoma.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Depressed skull fractures cause penetration of bone into cerebral tissue.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Suprasellar Tumor

    hemorrhage in three patients.[neurologyindia.com] Skull fracture and intracranial hematoma were diagnosed. Doctors tried to operate on her but she lost consciousness and died.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] You can see that this patient suffered a massive intraventricular and subarachnoid hemorrhage. The layers of bloodclot are very nicely reflected in the MR images.[radiologyassistant.nl]

  • Traumatic Brain Injury

    Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) is a well-known complication after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and has been rarely described in patients with traumatic brain injury ([ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Data were analyzed using Poisson regression adjusted for relevant covariates, including fractures not involving the skull, psychiatric diagnoses, and deliberate self-harm.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] He was diagnosed with a traumatic contusional hemorrhage in the left frontal lobe, subarachnoid hemorrhage, and subdural hemorrhage in the left fronto-temporal lobe.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Ventricular Hemorrhage

    The etiologies of the studied fourth IVH include hypertensive intracranial hemorrhage(39 cases), spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage(12 cases), primary IVH(9 cases), trauma[jkns.or.kr] Typically, this form of IVH is associated with a skull fracture, as a fracture is generally found in up to 90 percent of all cases.[cerebralpalsygroup.com] Effect of methemoglobin formation on the MR appearance of subarachnoid hemorrhage.[ajnr.org]

  • Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis

    A 37-year-old man presented with perimesencephalic non-aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage associated with cavernous sinus thrombosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ., supraorbital, mandibular, or basilar skull fracture). [11] [15] [19] Postsurgical causes (e.g., rhinoplasty, cataract extraction, skull base procedures, and dental extraction[online.epocrates.com] Perimesencephalic non-aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage is a benign clinical entity with generally good prognosis, but the association with cavernous sinus thrombosis requires[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Epidural Hematoma

    Hematoma, Epidural, Spinal Hematoma, Subdural Intracranial Hemorrhage, Hypertensive Intracranial Hemorrhage, Traumatic perianal hematoma pituitary apoplexy Subarachnoid Hemorrhage[rgd.mcw.edu] To investigate the frequency and risk factors of contralateral epidural hematoma (CEDH) following decompressive craniectomy (DC) in patients with calvarial skull fracture[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] hemorrhage , traumatic brain injury [1] Treatment Surgery ( craniotomy , burr hole ) [1] Epidural hematoma is when bleeding occurs between the tough outer membrane covering[en.wikipedia.org]

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