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496 Possible Causes for Small, Echogenic Kidneys

  • Alagille Syndrome

    […] disease, small kidneys, echogenic kidneys and nephrocalcinosis 5 ocular posterior embryotoxon skeletal butterfly type vertebrae ( 50%) facial triangular facial cardiovascular[] The bile ducts pertain to the small tubes found in the liver; their main job is to carry bile from the liver to the small intestine.[] JAG1 disease-causing mutations were detected in 70/91 (76.9%) patients, including 29/70 (41.4%) small deletions, 6/70 (8.6%) small insertions, 16/70 (22.9%) nonsense mutations[]

  • Cystic Kidney

    A cohort of 44 families in whom antenatal renal ultrasound scanning findings in affected cases included bilateral cystic kidney disease, echogenic kidneys or enlarged kidneys[] In contrast to hereditary cystic kidney disease, ACKD is characterized by the presence of multiple small cysts in bilaterally small kidneys.[] kidneys found in perinatal period large amount of variability both within and between families 30% of patients with ARPKD die in neonatal period Prevalence and Inheritance[]

  • Patau Syndrome

    Approximately 40% of fetuses with trisomy 13 have echogenic intracardiac foci. [4] 30% of the affected fetuses have enlarged echogenic kidneys similar t o polycystic kidneys[] The most common physical signs for Patau Syndrome are the decreasing of muscle tone, small hands, small ears, small head and mouth, as well as wide and short hands with short[] A mild clinical phenotype is described in a patient with duplication of 13q32-- qter and a small deletion of 18p11.32-- pter.[]

  • Angiomyolipoma

    Diagnosis of Renal Angiomyolipoma Sonography of the Kidney: Sonography of the kidneys shows an echogenic mass in the kidney, caused by the high fat content.[] PURPOSE: To create a simple model using clinical variables for predicting lipid-poor angiomyolipoma (AML) in patients with small renal masses presumed to be renal cell carcinoma[] Scan showing left kidney showing an echogenic angiomyolipoma (arrow) in lower pole. C.[]

  • Purpura

    Ultrasound Echogenic kidneys, target or doughnut sign in case of intussusception.[] It is manifested with small hemorrhages in the skin, gastrointestinal symptoms, arthritis, and nephropathy.[] Purpura, presence of small hemorrhages in the skin, often associated with bleeding from body cavities and in tissues.[]

  • Urinary Tract Infection

    Ultrasonography revealed large hypoechoic mass, including multiple cysts in the upper pole of the transplanted kidney.[] Although some of small studies demonstrated a small benefit for women with recurrent UTIs, there were no statistically significant differences when the results of a much larger[] […] and the echogenicity of renal parenchyma attributable to edema also are common during acute infection.[]

  • Intestinal Lymphangiectasia

    Echogenic findings regarding the spleen, pancreas and kidneys were also normal.[] To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on fibrotic entrapment of the small bowel in a patient with long lasting intestinal lymphangiectasia.[] Leakage of lymphatic juices into the small bowel The diagnosis is confirmed by taking a biopsy from the lining of the small intestine, which shows typical gross dilatation[]

  • Henoch-Schönlein Purpura

    Ultrasound Echogenic kidneys, target or doughnut sign in case of intussusception.[] Simultaneous involvement of small intestine and colon is rare.[] The small bowel is the most frequently involved GI site. Intussusception is rare but is the most common surgical complication.[]

  • Malabsorption Syndrome

    Ultrasound showed both kidneys to be 9.5 cm in length with mild cortical thinning and increased echogenicity. Her daily urine volume ranged between 2000-2600 mL.[] We describe the case of a 51-year-old woman presenting with chronic small bowel diarrhoea and malabsorption.[] The cause of her complaints turned out to be immunoproliferative small intestinal disease which is a very uncommon disorder in our geographical region.[]

  • AIDS-Associated Nephropathy

    Gray scale ultrasound images of left and right kidneys shows bilaterally enlarged and echogenic kidneys in this patient with HIV and acute renal failure.[] Additional small studies also suggest a benefit.[] Normal sized or enlarged kidneys. Reduced kidney size is highly unlikely. 2. The characteristic feature of HIVAN is the increase in renal echogenicity.[]

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