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555 Possible Causes for Small Left Ventricle

  • Methylmalonic Acidemia with Homocystinuria Type cblJ

    Homocystinuria with methylmalonic acidemia is a rare metabolic disorder. There are four types of the disease, all of which are inherited in an autosomal recessive manner and caused by functional deficiencies of methionine synthase and methylmalonyl-CoA mutase. Homocystinuria with methylmalonic acidemia type cblJ[…][]

  • Essential Hypertension

    Benign hypertension in advanced cases produces hypertrophy of the left ventricle due to increased cardiac overload and peripheral vascular resistance.[] Longstanding type of hypertension creates disorders of small arteries and the development of atherosclerosis.[] Malignant hypertension needs immediate treatment as it is a serious condition and can cause organ damage or risk of sudden death cerebral hemorrhage if left untreated.[]

  • Mitral Valve Atresia

    The small left ventricle is incapable to offer appropriate systemic output, resulting in early heart failure.[] Hypoplastic left heart syndrome is a critical congenital heart defect with a small left ventricle and stenosis or atresia of the aortic and the mitral valve.[] The right ventricle was large, and the left ventricle was small, rudimentary or absent.[]

  • Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome

    We report a rare case of an infant with HLHS [Severe Aortic Stenosis (AS), Mitral Stenosis (MS) and small Left Ventricle (LV)], who developed aortic regurgitation and presumed[] Abnormal pathology in HLHS The lack of normal development of the left side of the heart includes: A small left ventricle Stenosed atrioventricular opening and a small or absent[] In people with HLHS, the aorta and left ventricle are underdeveloped (beginning in utero), and the aortic and mitral valves are either too small to allow sufficient blood[]

  • Lactose Intolerance

    Region specific regulation of sodium pump isoform and Na,Ca-exchanger expression in the failing human heart–right atrium vs left ventricle.[] Small, E. M. & Krieg, P. A. Molecular regulation of cardiac chamber-specific gene expression. Trends in cardiovascular medicine 14, 13–18 (2004). 13. Wu, S. P. et al.[]

  • Head Injury

    In addition, small but distinct lesions are present in the superior longitudinal fasciculus above the insula and lateral to the anterior horn of the left lateral ventricle[]

  • Left Cardiac Ventricle Disorder

    HYPOPLASTIC LEFT HEART SYNDROME This is a spectrum of anomalies characterized by a very small left ventricle with mitral and/or aortic atresia or hypoplasia.[] […] chamber (left ventricle) is too small or in some cases may not even exist.[] In double inlet left ventricle, both atria connect to one ventricle and the right ventricle is small. Learn more about Double Inlet Left Ventricle.[]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    By sending a a small electrical current to leads connected to the different walls of the left ventricle, the heart is made to beat in a more coordinated way.[] ventricles don’t work together.[] Poor pumping of the left ventricle raises the blood pressure in the ventricle during the short rest period between heart contractions.[]

  • Heart Failure

    Vasodilators: These medications enlarge the small arteries or arterioles, which relieve the systolic workload of the left ventricle.[] Batista's idea was to cut a swath out of the left ventricle and sew the chamber back together, thereby reducing its size and increasing its efficiency.[] The pumping performance of the left and right ventricles can then be determined from these pictures. This test is used far less often than echocardiography .[]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    On the left a short axis movie in a patient with ARVC. Notice the dilated right ventricle with severe segmental dyskinesis resulting in small aneurysms.[] A CRT device coordinates contractions between the heart’s left and right ventricles. Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD).[] In less than 5 percent of patients, late complications can include enlargement of the left ventricle and decreased pumping function.[]

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