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1,990 Possible Causes for Sputum

  • Acute Bronchitis

    Clinical and inflammatory indices in induced sputum were measured on days 6, 8, and 11. The cough cleared spontaneously by day 11.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] efficacy of oral anti-inflammatory or antibiotic treatment compared with placebo in the resolution of cough in patients with uncomplicated acute bronchitis and discoloured sputum[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Sputum Gram stain and culture usually have no role.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Viral Upper Respiratory Tract Infection

    Yes Coughing up sputum or blood No Coughing up sputum or blood Are you coughing up blood? This means blood that is coming up from your chest or throat.[northshore.org] Case 2 A 37-year-old male complains of a 4-week history of cough productive of greenish sputum.[medicine.uiowa.edu] A doctor may also take a swab from your nose or mouth, or ask you to cough up a sample of sputum (material coughed up from the lungs) to check for the type of virus or bacteria[healthline.com]

  • Bronchitis

    , IL-4, IL-6, IL-17A, IP-10, MIP-1α, and TNF-α in sputum were significantly higher in NAEB patients than that in healthy subjects (all P[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The presence of nasal discharge (43.4%) was associated with more cough and sputum symptoms, whereas post-nasal drip (13.1%) was associated with more sputum symptoms.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] galactomannan, real-time PCR detection of Aspergillus DNA in sputum and fungal cultures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Upper Airway Cough Syndrome

    After induced sputum cytology, the concentrations of histamine, prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), and calcitonin-gene-related peptide (CGPR) in the induced sputum were measured by[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Initial eosinophil percentage in induced sputum was 3.5-8.0%. Cough disappeared after 2-5 (3 /- 1) weeks of only oral antihistamine.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] However, there was no significant change of eosinophil percentage in induced sputum (4.8 1.5% vs. 4.4 1.4%, t 0.84, P 0.427).[link.springer.com]

  • Acute Myocardial Infarction

    Ventricular septal rupture (VSR) is a rare but fatal complication of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with an associated mortality that ranges from 41% to 80%. The treatment consists of supplemental oxygenation, afterload reduction, intraaortic balloon pump, and surgical repair. In selected patients, extracorporeal[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Chronic Bronchitis

    A 49-year-old woman complained of cough and a purulent sputum (about 40 ml/day).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Total mucin concentrations in sputum were measured with the use of size-exclusion chromatography and refractometry.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Prophylactic use reduces the rate of exacerbations and improves the key symptoms of sputum and cough with a favorable long-term tolerability profile.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pneumonia

    A urinary antigen test and sputum culture were both negative for Legionella pneumophila; however, a sputum sample that was examined by loop-mediated isothermal amplification[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] However, a few weeks later, the symptoms and the infiltrates had worsened, so M. tuberculosis was isolated from the patient's sputum.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This was confirmed on sputum PCR. She was treated with a 3-week course of steroids and co-trimoxazole. She was discharged home after a 2-week admission.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Childhood Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

    The cytological analysis of sputum may confirm the presence of cancer cells.[symptoma.com] […] of cisplatin/gemcitabine followed by a randomization to three additional cycle of the same combination or gemcitabine alone Proceedings Vai 2005 Leptin levels in induced sputum[unipa.it] The symptoms of childhood NSCLC are non-specific and comprise breathing difficulties, persistent cough, bloody sputum, and recurrent respiratory infections.[symptoma.com]

  • Lymphangioleiomyomatosis

    She was diagnosed with chyloptysis and chylous pulmonary congestion by sputum analysis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This can result in the patient coughing up blood-stained sputum or blood (hemoptysis).[medicinenet.com] Investigation for tuberculosis was negative and sputum and blood cultures were negative. Figure 1: Chest X-ray on presentation showed bilateral pneumothoraces.[scitechnol.com]

  • Atypical Pneumonia

    Moderate amount of sputum, or no sputum at all (i.e. non-productive). Lack of alveolar exudate.[en.wikipedia.org] The clinical picture was remarkable as the patient presented with cough and purulent sputum production, but otherwise no classical signs of pneumonia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The criteria were: (i) age less than 60 years; (ii) no or only minor underlying diseases; (iii) persistent cough; (iv) limited chest auscultatory findings; (v) no sputum,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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