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39 Possible Causes for Starvation Ketosis, Sudden Death

  • Anorexia Nervosa

    Prolongation of QT interval, a risk factor for arrhythmia and sudden death, has been reported to be prevalent among patients with Takotsubo cardiomyopathy and is also observed[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ) further magnifies the impact of the malnutrition on the brain, owing to it being in a starvation-illness mode.[emedicine.medscape.com] Anorexia nervosa and sudden death. Ann Intern Med 1985;102:49-52. Medline 4 . Neumärker KJ. Mortality and sudden death in anorexia nervosa.[revespcardiol.org]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    death of traumatic or neurological origin.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Ethanol also causes structural abnormalities in the liver mitochondria which leads to ketosis superimposed by starvation, chronic malnutrition [ 13, 14 ].[pubs.sciepub.com] Coronary heart disease is the most common type of heart disease and can lead to sudden death from a heart attack.[drinkaware.co.uk]

  • Vomiting of Pregnancy

    If not treated, preeclampsia can lead to seizures, coma, and even death of the mother or baby.[pregnancy.lovetoknow.com] ketosis with ketonuria, elevated specific gravity and BUN, and a hypochloremic hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis. 1,3,15 It is recommended to replete with thiamine if significant[emdocs.net] Vomiting is one of the main signs of preeclampsia and is often accompanied by headaches, visual changes, sudden weight gain, bloating, and high blood pressure.[pregnancy.lovetoknow.com]

  • Salicylate Poisoning

    […] cause seizures, cerebral oedema and death.[derangedphysiology.com] Ketoacidosis may also occur in children who are ill and fasted (ie starvation ketosis).[anaesthesiamcq.com] Respiratory alkalosis keeps the salicylate ions trapped in the blood; if a post-intubation acidosis is allowed to develop the sudden influx of salicylate into the CNS may[derangedphysiology.com]

  • Alcoholic Ketoacidosis

    , proposing the term ketoalcoholic death. 8 Thomsen subsequently reported ketoalcoholic deaths in 7% of sudden deaths in alcoholic patients in a prospective series. 9 Similarly[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ketosis.[emedicine.com] In 25 cases of sudden and unexpected death of alcoholics we found pathologically increased levels of BHBA of 1260 to 47200 (median 8000) micromol/L.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Glycogen Storage Disease Type 0

    Sudden death from cardiac arrest can occur in childhood or adolescence in people with muscle GSD 0.[ghr.nlm.nih.gov] Sudden death from cardiac arrest can occur in childhood or adolescence in people with muscle GSD 0.Individuals with liver GSD 0 usually show signs and symptoms of the disorder[icdlist.com] […] cardiac death due to progressive cardiac fibrosis at the age of 29 and 39 years, respectively (Ramachandran et al 2012 ).[link.springer.com]

  • Epilepsy

    Ferraz, Sudden unexpected death in Parkinson's disease: Perspectives on what we have learned about sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP), Epilepsy & Behavior, 10.1016[dx.doi.org] Remarkably, and for reasons that are still unclear, this process — called ketosis — has an antiepileptic effect. He has been eating this way for almost two years.[nytimes.com] KEYWORDS: Biomarkers; Epilepsy; Forensic preventative pathology; MiRNA; Sudden death[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acidosis

    A failure of this reflex can be fatal, for example as a contributory factor in sudden infant death syndrome. [3] Hypercapnia is the opposite of hypocapnia, the state of having[en.wikipedia.org] , alcohol and DKA) Download PDF of GOLDMARK mnemonic Osmolar Gap common differential diagnosis Ketoacids (DKA, AKA, starvation ketosis) Alcohols Sepsis Ischemia Sodium bicarbonate[emergencymedicinecases.com] Causes: Metabolic Acidosis and Elevated Anion Gap (Mnemonic: "MUD PILERS") Methanol , Metformin Uremia Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA), Alcohol ic ketoacidosis or starvation ketosis[fpnotebook.com]

  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    A sudden drop in pH can cause significant damage to organ systems and even death.[study.com] It is possible that starvation ketosis contributed to the development of the high anion gap metabolic acidosis in our patient.[nature.com] Starvation ketosis results from poor carbohydrate availability. In starvation ketosis, the anion gap will be mildly elevated.[link.springer.com]

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    […] due to hyperglycemic diuresis with failure to drink enough fluids to compensate, often in an elderly person with diabetes and stroke / infection "Dead in bed syndrome": sudden[pathologyoutlines.com] In addition, although alcoholic ketoacidosis can result in profound acidosis, the serum bicarbonate concentration in starvation ketosis is usually not 4 ).[web.archive.org] (sudden death or death from myocardial infarction, stroke, peripheral vascular disease, renal disease, hyperglycemia, or hypoglycemia), death from any cause, myocardial infarction[doi.org]

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