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178 Possible Causes for Strabismus, Transillumination of the Iris, Visual Acuity Decreased

  • Albinism

    An African girl with OCA-2 showing iris transillumination, yellowish tinted hair and many solar lentigines.[clinicaladvisor.com] A 39-year-old man with foveal hypoplasia, nystagmus, and decreased visual acuity was found to have multiple, cutaneous, hypopigmented macules.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It is commonly accepted that albino patients with strabismus rarely achieve binocularity and depth perception after strabismus surgery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Oculocutaneous Albinism

    An African girl with OCA-2 showing iris transillumination, yellowish tinted hair and many solar lentigines.[clinicaladvisor.com] It is associated with decreased visual acuity, nystagmus, strabismus, and photophobia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CONCLUSION: Strabismus surgical undercorrection may be of benefit in patients with oculocutaneous albinism.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Anterior Polar Cataract

    […] may sweep material into rings on the lens capsule Best viewed with dilation Transillumination defect and fibrillar material at the papillary margin Open angle with brown[medrounds.org] This is especially true if an unexplained decrease in visual acuity occurs without a concurrent change in the posterior polar cataract.[emedicine.medscape.com] […] ophthalmology and strabismus.[books.google.com]

  • Ocular Albinism

    Other definite findings include lack or absence of stereoacuity, transillumination defects of iris and pendular nystagmus which typically develops in affected males during[symptoma.com] A 39-year-old man with foveal hypoplasia, nystagmus, and decreased visual acuity was found to have multiple, cutaneous, hypopigmented macules.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Autosomal recessive ocular albinism (AROA) is a group of genetic disorders in which reduced pigmentation of the eye is associated with decreased visual acuity, nystagmus,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Choroid Hemangioma

    Granuloma — -Tubercle — Sarcoma — Ophthalmia Nodosa 399 New Growths of the Ciliary Body — Sarcoma — Myosarcoma — Car- cinoma ..... 401 New Growths of the Chorioid — Sclerotic Transilluminator[archive.org] […] in visual acuity.[omicsonline.org] Poor vision can be suspected in young children if the eye is drifting (strabismus), crossed (strabismus), or shaking (nystagmus), or if the child appears to have obvious difficulty[sturge-weber.org]

  • Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 5

    Ocular findings include iris transillumination, blonde fundus, and foveal hypoplasia.[coavision.org] Eye involvement Decreased visual acuity [ Photophobia Nystagmus tend to be the worst in this subtype. Hair bulb incubation in tyrosinase is usually negative.[medcaretips.com] A practical "how to" perform strabismus surgery chapter with extensive step-by-step artworks for complete visual guidance.[books.google.com]

  • Ectopia Lentis

    Those patients with simple lens ectopia as well as those with ectopic lenses and pupils had striking transillumination of the iris periphery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] After 2 years, she presented with intermittent ocular pain and decreased visual acuity of the left eye.[synapse.koreamed.org] J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2006 May-Jun. 43(3):192. [Medline]. Konradsen T, Kugelberg M, Zetterström C.[emedicine.com]

  • Uveitis

    Tugal–Tutkun, Onal S, Garip A et al., Bilateral acute iris transillumination, Arch Ophthalmol,2011;129(10):1312–9.[touchophthalmology.com] Visual acuity is only decreased in severe cases associated with hypopyon. The signs of anterior uveitis include the following.[symptoma.com] [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2019;56:e38-e40.].[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Optic Atrophy-Intellectual Disability Syndrome

    transillumination defects, concave iris, increased pigmentation of trabecular meshwork, deposited pigment on Schwalbe's line AD - %600510 PRADER-WILLI SYNDROME Refractive[eyewiki.aao.org] His best corrected visual acuity was decreased to 0.3 and 0.4 in the right and left eyes, respectively.[frontiersin.org] Strabismus and latent nystagmus are often present. Up slanting palpebral fissures and epicanthal folds have been noted. Visual acuity levels have not been reported.[disorders.eyes.arizona.edu]

  • X-Linked Recessive Ocular Albinism

    Perhaps three-quarters of carrier females have transillumination defects in the iris.[disorders.eyes.arizona.edu] Visual acuity directly improves with decreased nystagmus.[reviewofophthalmology.com] 37860Brown Fibrosis and Heavy Eye syndromes 282 86_Mechanical Strabismus 37863 Blowout 242 288 87_Microhyphema 36441 292 88_Monofixation Syndrome 37834 294 89_Myasthenia[books.google.com]

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