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189 Possible Causes for Stroke-Like Lesions

  • Insulin Resistance

    An identical lesion occurs in the MELAS syndrome (mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like syndrome); however, diabetes is not part of this[dx.doi.org] […] syndrome, suggesting different phenotypic expressions of this genetic lesion.[dx.doi.org]

  • MELAS Syndrome

    stroke-like lesions on MRI.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Herein we report a case of MELAS, whose second stroke-like episode was provoked by chickenpox.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A brain MRI documented bilateral stroke-like lesions predominantly affecting the superior temporal lobe, including the primary auditory cortex, confirming the central nature[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hyponatremia

    The patient was treated with appropriate medications with the resolution of his stroke-like symptoms.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Partial diffusion restriction was observed in lesions in the bilateral occipitoparietal regions and the cerebellum.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Orthostatic Hypotension

    Arterial stiffness and OH are both associated with increased burden of cerebral white matter lesions and vascular disease including stroke [ 9 , 28 , 37 , 38 ].[journals.plos.org] For instance, decreased arterial wall compliance with hypertension likely contributes to OH by diminishing baroreceptor sensitivity [ 36 ].[journals.plos.org]

  • Head Injury

    Like Leborgne's lesion, Lelong's is also inconsistent with the location of Broca's area as it is defined today.[doi.org] Lelong's brain also shows evidence of a stroke that affected half of the pars opercularis in the posterior, inferior frontal gyrus, sparing the pars triangularis.[doi.org]

  • Alzheimer Disease

    The main inclusion criteria included a physician's assessment that the individual was likely to die within 6 months of study enrollment, absence of any known destructive lesion[doi.org] […] in the brain (eg, stroke or tumor), and the individual's willingness to have florbetapir-PET imaging followed by a brain autopsy at the time of death.[doi.org]

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    An identical lesion occurs in the MELAS syndrome (mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like syndrome); however, diabetes is not part of this[care.diabetesjournals.org] […] syndrome, suggesting different phenotypic expressions of this genetic lesion ( 56 ).[care.diabetesjournals.org] […] syndrome, suggesting different phenotypic expressions of this genetic lesion.[care.diabetesjournals.org]

  • Transient Ischemic Attack

    Patients whose mechanism of stroke was large artery or cardioembolic were the most likely to have new lesions on follow-up MRI.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Minor stroke and TIA are associated with a 10% risk of new lesions on MRI and half of these new lesions are asymptomatic.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A trend to increased likelihood of new lesions at 30 days was seen with progressing baseline scan lesion number (none [2.2%], solitary [12.9%], multiple [19.8%]: p 0.046).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Carotid Stenosis

    The most common cause is artherosclerosis, which can cause transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) with stroke-like symptoms due to blockage of a blood vessel by an atherosclerotic[neurosurgery.ucla.edu] The potential benefits of CEA or CAAS depend on the risk for an asymptomatic lesion eventually resulting in a stroke.[doi.org] lesion or to reduced blood flow.[neurosurgery.ucla.edu]

  • Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

    An identical lesion occurs in the MELAS syndrome (mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like syndrome); however, diabetes is not part of this[dx.doi.org] […] syndrome, suggesting different phenotypic expressions of this genetic lesion.[dx.doi.org]

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