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142 Possible Causes for Structural Abnormalities of Cerebellum

  • Cerebellar Stroke

    These ataxias are caused by congenital structural abnormalities of the brain.[healthline.com] The symptoms of ACA might become permanent when the disorder is caused by a stroke , an infection, or bleeding into the cerebellum.[healthline.com]

  • Writer's Cramp

    Evidence in other primary dystonia, including blepharospasm and cervical dystonia, suggest that structural abnormalities may be observed in other brain areas such as the cerebellum[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Delmaire C, Vidailhet M, Elbaz A, Bourdain F, Bleton JP, Sangla S, et al: Structural abnormalities in the cerebellum and sensorimotor circuit in writer's cramp.[karger.com] "Our findings show that several brain structures are abnormal in writer's cramp, including the cerebellum, suggesting that the cerebellum plays a role in the disease," Lehericy[abcnews.go.com]

  • Essential Tremor

    Numerous neuroimaging studies indicate the presence of functional, metabolic, and structural abnormalities in the cerebellum of a patient with ET.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ., subtle saccadic eye movement abnormalities and abnormalities of motor timing) as well as cognitive features, some of which may be due to cerebellar dysfunction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Psychosis

    Altered brain function directly related to structural abnormalities in people at ultra high risk of psychosis: longitudinal VBM-fMRI study, J Psychiatr Res, 2011 , vol. 45[doi.org] abnormalities in the cerebellum have been widely observed in HR subjects with subsequent development of psychosis. 55 Similarly, involvement of the insular cortex is a common[doi.org] The role of the cerebellum in schizophrenia, Biol Psychiatry, 2008 , vol. 64 (pg. 81 - 88 ) 55.[doi.org]

  • Unverricht-Lundborg Syndrome

    .  MRS in patients with LBD with no structural MRI abnormalities: reduction in the N-acetylaspartate (NAA):creatine ratio and altered NAA:choline, and choline:creatine ratios[slideshare.net] […] in frontal cortex, cerebellum, and basal ganglia. 9.  Brain biopsy - neuronal intracytoplasmic basophilic, round to oval bodies, which were periodic acid–Schiff (PAS)-positive[slideshare.net]

  • Progressive Myoclonic Epilepsy Type 3

    .  MRS in patients with LBD with no structural MRI abnormalities: reduction in the N-acetylaspartate (NAA):creatine ratio and altered NAA:choline, and choline:creatine ratios[slideshare.net] […] in frontal cortex, cerebellum, and basal ganglia. 9.  Brain biopsy - neuronal intracytoplasmic basophilic, round to oval bodies, which were periodic acid–Schiff (PAS)-positive[slideshare.net]

  • Progressive Myoclonic Epilepsy Type 7

    .  MRS in patients with LBD with no structural MRI abnormalities: reduction in the N-acetylaspartate (NAA):creatine ratio and altered NAA:choline, and choline:creatine ratios[slideshare.net] […] in frontal cortex, cerebellum, and basal ganglia. 9.  Brain biopsy - neuronal intracytoplasmic basophilic, round to oval bodies, which were periodic acid–Schiff (PAS)-positive[slideshare.net]

  • Progressive Myoclonic Epilepsy Type 8

    .  MRS in patients with LBD with no structural MRI abnormalities: reduction in the N-acetylaspartate (NAA):creatine ratio and altered NAA:choline, and choline:creatine ratios[slideshare.net] […] in frontal cortex, cerebellum, and basal ganglia. 9.  Brain biopsy - neuronal intracytoplasmic basophilic, round to oval bodies, which were periodic acid–Schiff (PAS)-positive[slideshare.net]

  • Spinal Demyelination

    Chiari’s malformation — An abnormality in the position of the cerebellum — a brain structure responsible for balance and coordination.[nationalmssociety.org]

  • Cerebellar Hemorrhage

    Cases of myoclonus or dystonia secondary to a structural lesion in the cerebellum have been reported.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Dystonia is defined as a syndrome of sustained muscle contractions, frequently causing twisting and repetitive movements or abnormal postures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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