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87 Possible Causes for Subcutaneous Emphysema, Tracheal Deviation

  • Pneumothorax

    We present two cases of pneumomediastinum, pneumothorax, and subcutaneous emphysema caused by colonoscopic perforation.[] deviation Hyper-resonance to percussion Decreased breath sounds In tension pneumothorax: Raised JVP, pulsus paradoxus, marked tracheal deviation, Tachycardia 135, hypotension[] deviation MANAGEMENT tension: decompress immediately minimal symptoms, 3cm - O2 and observe symptomatic, 3cm - small bore chest drain if persistent after 10 days of an ICC[]

  • Tension Pneumothorax

    During the endoscopic retrieval of the battery, the child developed the rare complication of subcutaneous emphysema, tension pneumothorax, and pneumomediastinum from excessive[] However, the classic physical examination findings of tracheal deviation and distended neck veins are poorly sensitive in the diagnosis of tension pneumothorax.[] We report a case of a surgical tracheostomy complicated with fatal tension pneumothorax and subcutaneous emphysema secondary to an iatrogenic posterior tracheal wall laceration[]

  • Pulmonary Barotrauma

    We present a young, healthy skin diver who suffered pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema after a sequence of free dives to 5 m, and suggest a possible mechanism.[] Tension pneumothorax, although rare with barotrauma, can cause hypotension, distended neck veins, hyperresonance to percussion, and, as a late finding, tracheal deviation.[] He developed pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, and extensive facial subcutaneous emphysema which intensified during treatment with positive pressure ventilation.[]

  • Spontaneous Pneumothorax

    Emphysema May occur with Valsalva Maneuver or other similar exertional activity Re-Expansion pulmonary edema Massive pulmonary edema onset following re-expansion of Pneumothorax[] Yet the correct answer implies that the tracheal deviation is contralateral .[] They are more frequent in men and are usually accompanied by secondary subcutaneous emphysema.[]

  • Bronchial Obstruction

    A 30-week preterm infant ventilated for respiratory distress syndrome developed severe right-sided pulmonary interstitial emphysema, pneumomediastinum, and subcutaneous emphysema[] A new chest x-ray showed complete collapse of the left lung, with remarkable tracheal deviation.[] Chest X-ray showing hyperinflated lungs and a discrete subcutaneous emphysema at the neck and the upper mediastinum (arrows).[]

  • Hemothorax

    Signs of tension pneumothorax include increased difficulty in breathing, shortness of breath, absent or diminished breath sounds on the effected side, subcutaneous emphysema[] Other symptoms of hemothorax are dependent on the mechanism of injury, but may include: Cyanosis Decreased or absent breath sounds on affected side Tracheal deviation to unaffected[] emphysema Narrowing pulse pressure Management A hemothorax is managed by removing the source of bleeding and by draining the blood already in the thoracic cavity .[]

  • Traumatic Pneumothorax

    Chest X-ray revealed a right pneumothorax with massive subcutaneous emphysema.[] A chest radiograph was ordered, which showed a large right-sided pneumothorax with tracheal deviation suggestive of a tension pneumothorax.[] In a tension pneumothorax, findings may include a displaced point of maximal impulse, tracheal deviation, mediastinal shift, and hemodynamic instability.[]

  • Iatrogenic Pneumothorax

    She very suddenly developed bradycardia, generalized cyanosis and cervical, thoracic and abdominal subcutaneous emphysema.[] Clinical signs of tension pneumothorax include tracheal deviation, hyperresonance, and hypotension.[] A tension pneumothorax additionally presents with distended neck veins, tracheal deviation , and hemodynamic instability.[]

  • Mechanical Ventilation

    This can manifest as pneumothorax, pneumoperitoneum, subcutaneous emphysema, pneumomediastinum and can sometimes progress to bronchopleural fistula or tension pneumothorax[] emphysema , pneumomediastinum , and pneumoperitoneum . [4] Ventilator-associated lung injury — Ventilator-associated lung injury (VALI) refers to acute lung injury that occurs[] Sudden desaturation, tachypnea, tachycardia, hypotension, rise in peak airway pressures, reduced breath sounds on one side, or tracheal deviation in the mechanically ventilated[]

  • Penetrating Chest Trauma

    Related Case Studies Nail gun injury Rectus sheath haematoma – CT Pneumothorax and subcutaneous emphysema – CT Hip dislocation, central Saddle embolism Skull fracture – CT[] Although tracheal deviation and jugular venous distention are commonly cited signs of this condition, they both occur late in the condition.[] emphysema of the trunk. 2 While imaging studies can aid in the diagnosis of pneumoscrotum, it does not require specific treatment.[]

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