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39 Possible Causes for Summation Gallop

  • Cardiac Dyskinesia

    The combined presence of S3 and S4 is a quadruple gallop. At rapid heart rates, S3 and S4 may merge to produce a summation gallop.[]

  • Secondary Cardiomyopathy

    To identify new prognostic indicators in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and secondary cardiomyopathy. Serum concentrations of aminoterminal propeptides of type III procollagen and the 7S domain of type IV collagen (7S collagen)--which have recently been used as indicators of collagen matrix turnover in[…][]

  • Chordae Tendinae Rupture

    We previously found the association between mitral chordae tendinae ruptures (MCTR) and hypertension. Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP2), which expresses differently under pressure loads, could trigger a signal cascade instigating cardiac fibrosis, possibly predisposing to MCTR. We aimed to elucidate the[…][]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    Herein, we present the first case of dilated cardiomyopathy due to premature constriction of the ductus arteriosus. A fetal echocardiography showed narrowing in the ductus arteriosus, and colour Doppler flow mapping could not identify blood flow through the ductus. Neonatal echocardiography revealed a left[…][]

  • Viral Myocarditis

    A study on clinical characteristics, diagnostic methods of children's viral myocarditis (VMC) and analysis of the effect of VMC is carried out. A retrospective analysis of the clinical data of 124 cases of children with VMC from January 2008 to March 2011 in Xuzhou Children's Hospital is conducted. The age of onset of[…][]

  • Acute Myocarditis

    Acute viral myocarditis may impair prognosis in children of all ages. Its true incidence is underestimated because of heterogeneity of presentation and outcome. Patients may either recover or progress to chronic cardiomyopathy or death. Improving short-term and long-term prognosis is challenging but can probably[…][]

  • Quinine Poisoning

    A summation gallop and displaced PMI were noted along with a 3/6 pansystolic murmur at the apex that radiated to the axilla and a holosystolic murmur along the left lower[]

  • Mural Thrombosis

    Physical examination revealed an elevated jugular venous pressure, tachycardia, summation gallop, and pulmonary rales. No leg edema was noted.[]

  • Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

    In patients with non-ischemic cardiomyopathy (NICM), risk stratification for sudden cardiac death (SCD) and selection of patients who would benefit from prophylactic implantable cardioverter-defibrillators remains challenging. We aim to discuss the evidence of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR)-derived myocardial scar[…][]

  • Primary Cardiomyopathy

    Noncompaction of the left ventricle is a descriptive anatomical term and recently recognized primary cardiomyopathy. Cardiac imaging now allows for prompt detection. The specific etiology remains poorly understood, however, and the major genetic determinants are unknown. This review describes recent data showing[…][]

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