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36 Possible Causes for Summation Gallop

  • Pulmonary Edema

    Noisy respiratory efforts often make cardiac auscultation difficult; a summation gallop—merger of 3rd (S 3 ) and 4th (S 4 ) heart sounds—may be present.[]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Mod Rheumatol. 2011 Aug;21(4):423-7. doi: 10.1007/s10165-011-0413-z. Epub 2011 Jan 25. Author information 1 Department of Pathology, Iwate Medical University School of Medicine, 19-1 Uchimaru, Morioka, 020-8505, Japan. Abstract We report the autopsy results of a patient with systemic sclerosis with[…][]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    Brain Dev. 2018 Jun;40(6):484-488. doi: 10.1016/j.braindev.2018.02.004. Epub 2018 Mar 2. Nishioka M 1 , Inaba Y 2 , Motobayashi M 3 , Hara Y 1 , Numata R 4 , Amano Y 4 , Shingu K 5 , Yamamoto Y 6 , Murayama K 7 , Ohtake A 8 , Nakazawa Y 1 . Author information 1 Department of Pediatrics, Shinshu University School of[…][]

  • Myocardial Infarction

    OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the amount and pattern of cardiac biomarker release after elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients without evidence of a new myocardial infarction (MI) after the procedure as assessed by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) with late gadolinium[…][]

  • Acute Myocardial Infarction

    Heart Lung Circ. 2017 Aug;26(8):e37-e40. doi: 10.1016/j.hlc.2017.01.012. Epub 2017 Feb 28. Author information 1 King's College London British Heart Foundation Centre of Excellence, The Rayne Institute, St. Thomas' Hospital, London, England; Department of Cardiology, Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia; The[…][]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    J Hum Genet. 2015 Mar;60(3):151-5. doi: 10.1038/jhg.2014.112. Epub 2014 Dec 24. Author information 1 Nemours Cardiac Center, Nemours/Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, DE, USA. 2 Division of Neurology, Nemours/Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, DE, USA. 3 Department of Pathology, The[…][]

  • Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

    J Card Surg. 2010 Jan-Feb;25(1):116-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-8191.2009.00821.x. Epub 2009 Jun 22. Author information 1 Departments of Cardiac-, Thoracic-, and Thoracic Vascular Surgery, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany. Abstract A 49-year-old male patient suffering from[…][]

  • Acute Myocarditis

    Int J Cardiol. 2007 Jan 2;114(1):e21-3. Epub 2006 Oct 30. Abstract Two male adolescents were admitted due to chest pain influenced by the respiratory movements. A lobar pneumonia caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae, was radiographically and serologically diagnosed in the first patient (a 15-year-old boy) and a febrile[…][]

  • Primary Cardiomyopathy

    Abstract Eleven patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy and eight patients with idiopathic congestive cardiomyopathy underwent extensive neuromuscular studies to determine if a skeletal myopathy is associated with uncomplicated primary cardiomyopathy. The clinical examination revealed peripheral[…][]

  • Toxic Myocarditis

    Aluminum phosphide (ALP) is a pesticide that is highly toxic. It is a mitochondrial toxin that causes death by cardiac and metabolic toxicity. The most ominous effect is cardiac toxicity, which may range from minor electrocardiographic abnormalities to severe depression of cardiac contractility secondary to toxic[…][]

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