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83 Possible Causes for Sunken Fontanelle

  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    Severe dehydration—which is an emergency—can cause extreme thirst, extreme sleepiness, sunken fontanels, and fussiness in infants; irritability/confusion in adults; and dry[contemporaryclinic.pharmacytimes.com] […] appearance to the eyes Sunken soft spot on an infant's head (fontanelle) Most viruses and bacteria are passed from person to person by unwashed hands.[medlineplus.gov] […] soft spot (fontanel)on the top of his or her head Has a dry mouth or cries without tears Is unusually sleepy, drowsy or unresponsive Causes You're most likely to contract[mayoclinic.org]

  • Dehydration

    Signs of Dehydration Mild Thirst Dry lips Slightly dry mouth membranes Moderate Very dry mouth membranes Sunken eyes Sunken fontanelle (soft spot) on infant’s head.[quickcare.org] […] eyes, (in infant – sunken fontanel, the soft spot on the head), limited, very dark urine, cramps, stiff and/or painful joints, severe irritability, severe headache, few or[lecomhealth.com] […] eyes and a sunken fontanel, the soft spot on your baby's head where the bones haven't yet fused together.[care.com]

  • Febrile Convulsions

    This includes: a dry mouth sunken eyes a lack of tears when crying a sunken fontanelle – the soft spot usually found at the top of a young child's head Seeing a doctor Febrile[nhs.uk]

  • Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus

    Symptoms may include: Dry mucous membranes Dry skin Sunken appearance to eyes Sunken fontanelles (soft spot) in infants Changes in memory or balance Other symptoms that can[medlineplus.gov] The condition can progress to dehydration that presents as: Dry mouth Loss of skin pressure (turgor pressure) Sunken eyes In infants, dehydration can also cause sunken fontanelles[dovemed.com]

  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta Congenita - Microcephaly - Cataracts Syndrome

    A bulging anterior fontanel can be a result of increased intracranial pressure or intracranial and extracranial tumors, and a sunken fontanel usually is a sign of dehydration[aafp.org] BULGING OR SUNKEN FONTANELS Disorders associated with increased intracranial pressure can cause a bulging anterior fontanel.[aafp.org] Other signs include reduced peripheral perfusion, poor skin turgor, and sunken eyes. 32 View/Print Table TABLE 3 Differential Diagnosis of a Bulging Fontanel Hydrocephalus[aafp.org]

  • Giardiasis

    Head and neck: Infants may present with sunken fontanels during massive diarrhea. Tongue may appear dry and eyes will appear sunken with dehydration.[symptoma.com]

  • Vomiting

    In infants, also watch for decreased urination and a sunken fontanelle (soft spot on top of the baby's head).[webmd.com] Call your doctor if you notice any of the following warning signs in your baby: Signs of dehydration, including a dry mouth, lack of tears, sunken fontanelle , floppiness,[babycentre.co.uk] Adults caring for sick children need to be aware of these visible signs of dehydration : dry lips and mouth , sunken eyes , and rapid breathing or pulse .[webmd.com]

  • Intravenous Glucose Administration

    . • Decreased skin turgor • Deep (acidotic) breathing • Increased thirst Other signs including irritability/lethargy, sunken eyes, dry mucus membranes, and sunken fontanelle[emed.ie]

  • Food Poisoning

    In infants, in addition to the above, subtle signs of dehydration may include poor muscle tone, poor suckling, and sunken fontanelle.[medicinenet.com] […] eyes and fontanels.[healthline.com] […] dryness in your mouth or throat dry diapers a lack of tears in babies and toddlers low blood pressure excessive thirst dizziness , especially when standing Babies may have sunken[healthline.com]

  • Poisoning

    In infants, in addition to the above, subtle signs of dehydration may include poor muscle tone, poor suckling, and sunken fontanelle.[medicinenet.com]

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