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27 Possible Causes for Sunken Fontanelle, Upper Abdominal Pain

  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    Severe dehydration—which is an emergency—can cause extreme thirst, extreme sleepiness, sunken fontanels, and fussiness in infants; irritability/confusion in adults; and dry[contemporaryclinic.pharmacytimes.com] […] appearance to the eyes Sunken soft spot on an infant's head (fontanelle) Most viruses and bacteria are passed from person to person by unwashed hands.[medlineplus.gov] Up to 50% of cases are preceded by an upper tract respiratory infection caused by group-A beta-hemolytic streptococcus and present with the common tetrad of abdominal pain[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Vomiting

    The key symptoms include early satiety, feeling of fullness after meals, nausea, vomiting, bloating, and upper abdominal pain.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In infants, also watch for decreased urination and a sunken fontanelle (soft spot on top of the baby's head).[webmd.com] abdominal pain, sometimes severe; Frequent heartburn which may spread to the throat and produce a sour taste in the mouth; and Occasional coughing or hoarseness in the throat[doctorshealthpress.com]

  • Seizure

    This includes: a dry mouth sunken eyes a lack of tears when crying a sunken fontanelle – the soft spot usually found at the top of a young child's head Seeing a doctor Febrile[nhs.uk] His upper abdominal symptoms started immediately postseizure but at the time were attributed to musculoskeletal chest pain by the discharging team.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A male aged 44 years presented to the emergency department with a 1-week history of intermittent right-sided abdominal pain radiating to the midline.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypovolemic Shock

    Early signs of dehydration: poor skin turgor, sunken fontanelle in infants, decrease in body weight Signs of internal bleeding: abdominal tenderness, swelling, discoloration[ehealthstar.com] Hereditary angioneurotic edema (HAE) is characterized by recurrent attacks of edema of the upper airways, face, and limbs, and/or abdominal pains sometimes mimicking surgical[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Chronic Diarrhea

    Acute or chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer appear with upper middle (or upper left or right) abdominal pain .[healthhype.com] […] eyes sunken fontanel sleepiness irritability Seek immediate treatment if any of the following apply to your child: They’ve had diarrhea for 24 hours or more.[healthline.com] […] anterior fontanel, dry mucous membranes, sunken eyes, lack of tears, poor skin turgor, delayed capillary refill Failure to thrive and malnutrition: Reduced muscle/fat mass[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Diarrhea

    Do you have a fever, and are you experiencing pain in the middle or upper abdomen that radiates to your back?[familydoctor.org] […] eyes sunken fontanel sleepiness irritability Seek immediate treatment if any of the following apply to your child: They’ve had diarrhea for 24 hours or more.[healthline.com] […] eyes, grayish skin, sunken soft spot (fontanelle) on your baby’s head.[caringforkids.cps.ca]

  • Torsemide

    Other commonly seen gastrointestinal side effects are the loss of appetite, upper abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and constipation. Q.[1mg.com] RATIONALE: Clinical manifestations of dehydration include decreased tearing; dry mucous membranes; sunken fontanelles; weight loss; behavioral changes; scanty, concentrated[diy-testprep.typeform.com] Loss of appetite, Abdominal pain upper, Nausea, Vomiting, Diarrhoea, Constipation) Frequency not known: Dry mouth, Pancreatitis Hepatobiliary disorders Uncommon: Hepatic enzyme[drugs.com]

  • Chronic Infection

    H. pylori can cause chronic gastritis (inflammation of the inner layer of the stomach) or peptic ulcer in the stomach or duodenum and thus upper middle abdominal pain .[healthhype.com] Signs of dehydration can include: Loss of skin elasticity Dry parched lips, tongue and mucus membranes Thirst Decreased urine output In infants, depressed or sunken fontanelles[primaryimmune.org] Diagnosis is made by urea breath test, blood or stool test or biopsy performed during upper endoscopy.[healthhype.com]

  • Intestinal Atresia

    Over time, the patient develops signs of hypovolemia (sunken eyes, sunken fontanel, dry skin and mucous membranes, and prolonged capillary refill time), which are due to vomiting[thehealthscience.com] pain of undetermined origin.[aafp.org] Signs of continuous fluid loss Dehydration, manifested by sunken fontanel and dry membranes Decreased urine output (best clinical indication of tissue perfusion) Tachycardia[thehealthscience.com]

  • Atresia of Small Intestine

    The operation may be performed either through an upper abdominal transverse incision, by minimally invasive surgery, or laparoscopy using small incisions which become barely[childrensnational.org] Over time, the patient develops signs of hypovolemia (sunken eyes, sunken fontanel, dry skin and mucous membranes, and prolonged capillary refill time), which are due to vomiting[thehealthscience.com] pain of undetermined origin.[aafp.org]

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