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18 Possible Causes for Sunken Fontanelle, Upper Abdominal Pain

  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    Severe dehydration—which is an emergency—can cause extreme thirst, extreme sleepiness, sunken fontanels, and fussiness in infants; irritability/confusion in adults; and dry[contemporaryclinic.pharmacytimes.com] […] appearance to the eyes Sunken soft spot on an infant's head (fontanelle) Most viruses and bacteria are passed from person to person by unwashed hands.[medlineplus.gov] Up to 50% of cases are preceded by an upper tract respiratory infection caused by group-A beta-hemolytic streptococcus and present with the common tetrad of abdominal pain[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Abdominal Disorder

    License: CC BY 3.0 Causes of upper abdominal pain Upper abdominal pain can be divided into the pain in the right upper quadrant, epigastrium, and the left upper quadrant.[lecturio.com] Determining Hydration Status: In an infant or toddler – Activity level / overall appearance, eyes (sunken or not), anterior fontanels (sunken flat or bulging when age appropriate[cdemcurriculum.com] It may cause upper abdominal pain (just below your breastbone). The pain is often described as a burning feeling.[patient.info]

  • Vomiting

    The key symptoms include early satiety, feeling of fullness after meals, nausea, vomiting, bloating, and upper abdominal pain.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Call your doctor if you notice any of the following warning signs in your baby: Signs of dehydration, including a dry mouth, lack of tears, sunken fontanelle , floppiness,[babycentre.co.uk] There may be associated crampy upper abdominal pain that is associated with nausea and vomiting. Fever and chills may be present.[medicinenet.com]

  • Diarrhea

    Do you have a fever, and are you experiencing pain in the middle or upper abdomen that radiates to your back?[familydoctor.org] […] eyes sunken fontanel sleepiness irritability Seek immediate treatment if any of the following apply to your child: They’ve had diarrhea for 24 hours or more.[healthline.com] […] eyes, grayish skin, sunken soft spot (fontanelle) on your baby’s head.[caringforkids.cps.ca]

  • Intestinal Malrotation

    Therefore, acute appendicitis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of left upper-quadrant abdominal pain.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Sunken fontanel (the soft spot on the skull). How is malrotation treated? Malrotation is usually treated by surgery, which is carried out under general anaesthetic.[medic8.com] The patient was admitted to our hospital for abdominal pain in the right upper quadrant.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Toddler's Diarrhea

    Abdominal examination should focus on presence of abdominal pain, especially in the upper quadrants (indicating possible left or right lower lobe pneumonia).[merck.com] fontanelle (the soft spot on your child’s head if he or she is less than 18 months old).[wmpeds.com] […] eyes, grayish skin, sunken soft spot (fontanelle) on your baby’s head.[caringforkids.cps.ca]

  • Chronic Diarrhea

    Acute or chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer appear with upper middle (or upper left or right) abdominal pain .[healthhype.com] […] eyes sunken fontanel sleepiness irritability Seek immediate treatment if any of the following apply to your child: They’ve had diarrhea for 24 hours or more.[healthline.com] Liver disease , like cirrhosis or chronic hepatitis, may appear with upper right abdominal pain , jaundice, swollen abdomen, fatigue and diarrhea.[healthhype.com]

  • Intussusception

    A 65 year old female was admitted with a history of intermittent upper abdominal pain for 6-8 months with occasional vomiting, and passage of black coloured stools that had[web.archive.org] Symptoms of dehydration include lethargy (tiredness), fewer wet nappies than usual and the soft spot (fontanel) on top of the head being sunken.[gosh.nhs.uk]

  • Seizure

    His upper abdominal symptoms started immediately postseizure but at the time were attributed to musculoskeletal chest pain by the discharging team.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This includes: a dry mouth sunken eyes a lack of tears when crying a sunken fontanelle – the soft spot usually found at the top of a young child's head Seeing a doctor Febrile[nhs.uk] Abstract A male aged 44 years presented to the emergency department with a 1-week history of intermittent right-sided abdominal pain radiating to the midline.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Atresia of Small Intestine

    The operation may be performed either through an upper abdominal transverse incision, by minimally invasive surgery, or laparoscopy using small incisions which become barely[childrensnational.org] Over time, the patient develops signs of hypovolemia (sunken eyes, sunken fontanel, dry skin and mucous membranes, and prolonged capillary refill time), which are due to vomiting[thehealthscience.com] Other advantages of minimally invasive procedures in infants include less pain, less scarring, shorter hospital stays, and fewer problems with scar tissue leading to intestinal[childrensnational.org]

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