Create issue ticket

106 Possible Causes for Superior Mediastinal Mass

  • Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Lymphoblastic lymphoma, a high-grade lymphoma, often manifests with an anterior superior mediastinal mass, superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome, and leptomeningeal disease with[emedicine.medscape.com] Lymphoblastic lymphoma: high-grade lymphoma, which often manifests with a mediastinal mass, superior vena cava syndrome and meningeal disease with cranial nerve palsies.[patient.info] Patients present with a locally invasive anterior mediastinal mass that may cause respiratory symptoms or superior vena cava syndrome.[web.archive.org]

  • Substernal Goiter

    Goiters account for as many as 10–15% of space-occupying mediastinal lesions and are the most common of the superior mediastinal masses.[accesssurgery.mhmedical.com] Certainly, the majority are large, benign masses found in the superior and anterior mediastinum, although from 3 to 15% can be malignant in nature.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In addition, even in those regions where they are less common, knowledge of their treatment is important as they can represent up to 7% of mediastinal tumors.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Thyroid Lymphoma

    Endocr J. 2017 Sep 30;64(9):859-865. doi: 10.1507/endocrj.EJ17-0111. Epub 2017 Jul 8. Abstract The aims of this report were to clarify the diagnostic significance of ultrasound (US), fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), and flow cytometry for primary thyroid lymphoma, and to establish a preoperative diagnostic[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Bronchogenic Carcinoma

    A 58-year-old male presented with a rare case of brain metastatic bronchogenic carcinoma with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) production causing cerebellar hemorrhage with symptoms of nausea, vomiting, and headache. Bronchogenic carcinoma manifesting as gynecomastia had been resected a few months previously.[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Lymphoma

    Lymphoblastic lymphoma, a high-grade lymphoma, often manifests with an anterior superior mediastinal mass, superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome, and leptomeningeal disease with[emedicine.medscape.com] Lymphoblastic lymphoma: high-grade lymphoma, which often manifests with a mediastinal mass, superior vena cava syndrome and meningeal disease with cranial nerve palsies.[patient.info] Testicular mass. Skin lesions: associated with cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (mycosis fungoides), anaplastic large-cell lymphoma and angio-immunoblastic lymphoma.[patient.info]

  • Hodgkin's Disease

    A CT scan showed an ill-defined soft tissue mass anterior to and not well demarcated from the thyroid, and contiguous with a superior and anterior mediastinal mass.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Mediastinal Neoplasm

    Large anterior mediastinal masses may cause dyspnea when patients are lying supine.[msdmanuals.com] If a young man presents with a mass in the antero-superior mediastinum, an extragonadal germ cell tumor should be taken into consideration, and serum tumor markers alpha-fetoprotein[karger.com] MRI is deemed to be the superior modality if differentiation of cystic from solid masses is required and it can delineate thymic hyperplasia from thymoma.[cancertherapyadvisor.com]

  • Thymoma

    . • It is derived from thymic epithelial cells and comprises about 20% to 30% of mediastinal masses in adults, but only about 1% in pediatric patients. • Patients usually[slideshare.net] […] present with: • mass-associated respiratory symptoms, superior vena cava syndrome, or • paraneoplastic syndrome : Seventy percent of thymomas are associated with paraneoplastic[slideshare.net]

  • Pulmonary Lymphoma

    BACKGROUND: The primary pulmonary lymphoma (PPL), with a low incidence, was highly misdiagnosed in clinic. The present study analyzes the clinical features, laboratory and imaging data, pathologic characteristics, and summarizes misdiagnosis reasons of PPL cases, aims to provide a better understanding and increase the[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Parathyroid Carcinoma

    A 65-year-old female patient was admitted to our hospital presenting with a superior mediastinal big mass that was elastic, hard, and painless.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Further symptoms