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43 Possible Causes for Systemic Arterial Embolism, Thickening of the Mitral Valve Leaflets

  • Mitral Valve Prolapse

    Two groups of patients were compared: those with thickening of the mitral-valve leaflets and redundancy (designated the classic form; n 319) and those without leaflet thickening[oadoi.org] Rheumatic mitral stenosis Rheumatic mitral valve stenosis Clinical Information Narrowing of the left atrioventricular mitral orifice Rheumatic disease causing diffuse thickening[icd9data.com] […] of mitral-valve prolapse, but not for stroke.[oadoi.org]

  • Mitral Valve Stenosis

    Mitral stenosis is characterized by thickening and immobility of the mitral valve leaflets.[symptoma.com] Rheumatic mitral stenosis Rheumatic mitral valve stenosis Clinical Information Narrowing of the left atrioventricular mitral orifice Rheumatic disease causing diffuse thickening[icd9data.com] Definition (CSP) rheumatic disease causing diffuse thickening of the mitral valve leaflets by fibrous tissue or calcific deposits.[fpnotebook.com]

  • Libman-Sacks Disease

    Symptoms are those of systemic arterial embolism. Diagnosis is by echocardiography and negative blood cultures. Treatment consists of anticoagulants.[merckmanuals.com] Intraoperative inspection revealed thickened and fibrotic mitral valve leaflets with focal vegetations (Fig 3D,E ).[cardiothoracicsurgery.biomedcentral.com] Keywords: Systemic lupus erythematosus Libman-Sacks endocarditis Embolization Retinal artery occlusion Resumo A endocardite de Libman-Sacks é a manifestação cardíaca mais[revportcardiol.org]

  • Rheumatic Heart Disease

    Echocardiography evaluation showed thickened aortic and mitral valve leaflets with mild to moderate degree of mitral regurgitation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The mitral valve can be thickened, calcified, have restricted movement and the mitral valve leaflets fused together. The aortic valve may also be thickened.[myheart.net] Mitral valvulitis can occur causing thickening of the leaflets. A murmur is created by increased blood flow across the thickened mitral valve.[healio.com]

  • Infective Endocarditis

    arterial embolisms.[scielo.br] […] history of endocarditis history of illegal drug use mitral valve prolapse and valve regurgitation (leaking) and/or thickened valve leaflets The risk of infective endocarditis[healthline.com] Left-sided lesions may embolize to any tissue, particularly the kidneys, spleen, and central nervous system. Mycotic aneurysms can form in any major artery.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Lymphocytic Myocarditis

    valve 2) thickening of anterior mitral valve leaflet what is the etiology of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy sarcomeric mutations in structural proteins leads to myofiber disarray[quizlet.com] […] of the anterior mitral valve leaflet 2) this causes friction on the left ventricular outflow tract leading to a LVOT plaque 3) this plaque can then cause sub aortic stenosis[quizlet.com] 2) angina 3) syncope 4) sudden death that is exercise related why do most patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy have sub aortic stenosis 1) patients normally have a thickening[quizlet.com]

  • Ostium Primum Atrial Septal Defect

    The presence of this phenomenon has been identified as a potential risk factor for stroke due to embolization into the systemic arterial circulation. [7] Although unusual,[emedicine.medscape.com] Once regurgitation develops, the leaflets tend to thicken, making valve repair less successful.[emedicine.medscape.com] In an individual with ASD, these emboli can potentially enter the arterial system.[marmur.com]

  • Giant Left Atrium

    His echocardiogram showed a rheumatic mitral valve with thickening of the leaflet tips and failure of coaptation together with a severe jet of central mitral regurgitation[bsecho.org] The mitral annulus was calcified. In a pattern consistent with post-rheumatic changes the mitral valve leaflets were thickened and partially calcified.[wjgnet.com] Moderate mitral stenosis with a mean diastolic pressure of 7 mmHg and a concomitant severe regurgitation was present.[wjgnet.com]

  • Bacterial Endocarditis

    Specifically, four of the patients with chronic liver disease had systemic arterial embolisms (13% of patients with liver disease and 25% of total embolisms) and 12 had pulmonary[revespcardiol.org] Patients most at risk of developing bacterial endocarditis include those who have: Acquired valve disease (for example, rheumatic heart disease) including mitral valve prolapse[my.clevelandclinic.org] Left-sided lesions may embolize to any tissue, particularly the kidneys, spleen, and central nervous system. Mycotic aneurysms can form in any major artery.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Acute Bacterial Endocarditis

    The following embolic sites were reported: 3 in the central nervous system (CNS), 1 in the spleen, 1 in the legs, and 3 in the coronary arteries.[revespcardiol.org] Patients most at risk of developing bacterial endocarditis include those who have: Acquired valve disease (for example, rheumatic heart disease) including mitral valve prolapse[my.clevelandclinic.org] Left-sided lesions may embolize to any tissue, particularly the kidneys, spleen, and central nervous system. Mycotic aneurysms can form in any major artery.[merckmanuals.com]

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