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308 Possible Causes for Tendon Xanthomas, Xanthelasma

  • Heterozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia

    Tendon xanthomas are seen in 20-40% of individuals with FH and are pathognomonic for the condition. [7] A xanthelasma or corneal arcus may also be seen.[en.wikipedia.org] Sixty-two patients had positive physical examination findings for Achilles tendon xanthomas.[ajronline.org] When xanthomas form on the eyelids, they're called xanthelasmas.[webmd.com]

  • Familial Hypercholesterolemia

    He had tendinous xanthomas, xanthelasmas and elevated levels of total and LDL cholesterol, at 11.2 and 9.69 mmol/L, respectively, with normal levels of HDL cholesterol and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The case presented here is of a 48-year old male with large tendon xanthomas attributable to CTX.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Tendon xanthomas are seen in 20-40% of individuals with FH and are pathognomonic for the condition. A xanthelasma or corneal arcus may also be seen.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Hypercholesterolemia

    Distinct, histology-proven xanthelasma palpebrarum and orbital xanthogranuloma rarely occur together in the literature.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Xanthomas are noted commonly on the Achilles tendons and metacarpal phalangeal extensor tendons of the hands.[emedicine.medscape.com] Blood tests- Cholesterol measurement Physical tests- Xanthoma and xanthelasma detection Studies of heart activity- Stress test Genetic tests- Alteration or mutation of the[ihhub.org]

  • Homozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia

    She was then incidentally found to have severe xanthelasma and hypercholesterolemia (serum TC 15.3 mmol/L and LDL-C 13.9 mmol/L).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The condition is characterized by exceptionally high LDL cholesterol levels, cutaneous and tendon xanthomas, and valvular and supravalvular stenosis, and accelerated atherosclerosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Blood tests- Cholesterol measurement Physical tests- Xanthoma and xanthelasma detection Studies of heart activity- Stress test Genetic tests- Alteration or mutation of the[ihhub.org]

  • Sterol 27-Hydroxylase Deficiency

    Note the xanthomas on his knuckles. Sixteen-year-old male with cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis. Xanthomas of the Achilles tendon.[emedicine.medscape.com] […] levels may also be reduced or normal), neurological symptoms and tendon xanthomas.[symptoma.com] Tendon xanthomas may cause discomfort and interfere with tendon flexibility.[ghr.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hyperlipoproteinemia Type 4

    […] macules or plaques found commonly on the upper eyelids (xanthelasma palpebrum/xanthelasma), palms (xanthoma striatum palmare), intertriginous regions, and diffuse planar[ijdvl.com] Clinical findings: Tendon xanthomas, Xanthelasma, premature coronary artery disease and stroke.[medicowesome.com] Simon-Broome and Dutch criteria utilize lipid profiles, history of premature CVD, and physical examination findings such as tendon xanthomas from both the patient and family[acc.org]

  • Cerebrotendinous Xanthomatosis

    The options presented are xanthelasma, cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis and arcus cornealis.[acronymfinder.com] A physical examination revealed prominent Achilles tendon thickness and plantar xanthomas.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Other ocular findings include palpebral xanthelasmas, optic nerve atrophy, and proptosis.[eyewiki.aao.org]

  • Familial Hyperlipidemia

    The physical exam should look for tendon xanthomas, xanthelasma, corneal arcus, evaluation of pulses of major arteries and signs of aortic stenosis.[knowledge.statpearls.com] […] typically extensor tendons of hands and the Achilles tendon ) Palmar xanthomas : yellow plaques on the palms of the hands Xanthelasmas : nodular lipid deposits around the[amboss.com] Image of tendon xanthoma, a pathognomonic physical examination finding in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia. Figure.[jaoa.org]

  • Hyperlipoproteinemia Type 5

    Figure- showing Xanthelasma palpebrum Tuberous xanthomas are firm, painless, red-yellow nodules.[namrata.co] Clinical findings: Tendon xanthomas, Xanthelasma, premature coronary artery disease and stroke.[medicowesome.com] Simon-Broome and Dutch criteria utilize lipid profiles, history of premature CVD, and physical examination findings such as tendon xanthomas from both the patient and family[acc.org]

  • Hyperlipoproteinemia

    Lipid deposits in and around the eyelid lead to the formation of yellow, raised lesions called xanthelasmas.[symptoma.com] Achilles tendon xanthomas are often associated with type II hyperlipoproteinemia, in which low-density lipoprotein derived from the circulation accumulates in the tendons.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract We describe an adult patient with type IIa hyperlipoproteinemia, presenting with Achilles tendon xanthomas, cataracts, dementia, ataxia, pyramidal tract signs, and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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