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308 Possible Causes for Tendon Xanthomas, Xanthoma

  • Heterozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia

    Sixty-two patients had positive physical examination findings for Achilles tendon xanthomas.[ajronline.org] Tendon xanthomas are cholesterol deposits on tendons that can be felt as bumps on the surface of the backs of the heels and fingers.[ahajournals.org] Tendinous xanthomas, measured by quantitative xeroradiography, were significantly reduced (P Funding and Disclosures Supported by an Arteriosclerosis Specialized Centers of[nejm.org]

  • Familial Hypercholesterolemia

    The case presented here is of a 48-year old male with large tendon xanthomas attributable to CTX.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Xanthoma should be considered in cases with swellings in the Achilles tendon. Total resection is necessary to avoid recurrence of the xanthomas.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The effect of LDLc lowering with PCSK9 antibodies on tendon xanthomas (TX) is unknown.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypercholesterolemia

    Xanthomas are noted commonly on the Achilles tendons and metacarpal phalangeal extensor tendons of the hands.[emedicine.medscape.com] The xanthomas also regressed and disappeared by 3 years of age.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Achilles tendon thickening is the early characteristic of Achilles tendon xanthomas.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Homozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia

    The condition is characterized by exceptionally high LDL cholesterol levels, cutaneous and tendon xanthomas, and valvular and supravalvular stenosis, and accelerated atherosclerosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Physical examination revealed tuberous xanthomas on the processus olecrani, as well as smaller tendinous and tuberous xanthomas on the hands.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Xanthomas The high cholesterol level may result in the build-up of cholesterol deposits in the skin and tendons as well – xanthomas.[aoporphan.com]

  • Sterol 27-Hydroxylase Deficiency

    […] levels may also be reduced or normal), neurological symptoms and tendon xanthomas.[symptoma.com] Abstract Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis is characterized by the accumulation of cholestanol and cholesterol in xanthomas and brain causing a number of severe symptoms.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Tendon xanthomas may cause discomfort and interfere with tendon flexibility.[ghr.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cerebrotendinous Xanthomatosis

    A physical examination revealed prominent Achilles tendon thickness and plantar xanthomas.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It should be noted that up to 30% of patients with XCT do not present with tendon xanthomas, as in the case reported.[mdsabstracts.org] tendon xanthoma in family 3.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Familial Hyperlipidemia

    His physical exam is normal and there is no tendon xanthomas or corneal arcus. Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is suspected.[knowledge.statpearls.com] Hyperchylomicronemia LPL or Apo-CII deficiency (Can't breakdown TGs and Chylomicrons) Elevations in TGs and chylomicrons Decreased levels of LDL and HDL Risk of pancreatitis and xanthomas[quizlet.com] Image of tendon xanthoma, a pathognomonic physical examination finding in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia. Figure.[jaoa.org]

  • Hyperlipoproteinemia Type 5

    Clinical findings: Tendon xanthomas, Xanthelasma, premature coronary artery disease and stroke.[medicowesome.com] […] common of the xanthomas.[namrata.co] Simon-Broome and Dutch criteria utilize lipid profiles, history of premature CVD, and physical examination findings such as tendon xanthomas from both the patient and family[acc.org]

  • Hyperlipoproteinemia Type 4

    Clinical findings: Tendon xanthomas, Xanthelasma, premature coronary artery disease and stroke.[medicowesome.com] , tendinous xanthoma and planar xanthoma (intertriginous and xanthelesma-like lesions).[ijdvl.com] Simon-Broome and Dutch criteria utilize lipid profiles, history of premature CVD, and physical examination findings such as tendon xanthomas from both the patient and family[acc.org]

  • Disorder of Lipid Metabolism

    Familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH), which may present with xanthelasma ( Fig 67.1 ), tendon xanthomas, severe hypercholesterolaemia and premature coronary heart disease,[clinicalgate.com] Corneal arcus is common, and tendon xanthomas involving the dorsum of the hands, elbows, knees, and especially the Achilles tendons are present in 75% of patients.[thoracickey.com] The buildup of fats leads to atherosclerosis, early coronary artery disease, abnormal red blood cells, and xanthomas on tendons.[merckmanuals.com]

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