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317 Possible Causes for Thalamic Lesions

  • Cerebral Vein Thrombosis

    lesions revealed by computed tomography.[] CT revealed bilateral thalamic lesions, more severe on the side contralateral to the movement disorder, without striatal involvement.[] Because of these promising therapeutic results, bilateral thalamic lesions should alert the physician to consider the possibility of deep cerebral vein thrombosis.[]

  • Thalamic Neoplasm

    However, the 15 patients reported here had astasia related to unilateral thalamic lesions, documented by autopsy and computed tomography in 2 patients and by computed tomography[] Case Discussion CT and MRI demonstrates a left thalamic lesion.[] Bilateral thalamic lesions. AJR Am J Roentgenol 2009;192:W53-62. [Figure 1] , [Figure 2][]

  • Acute Necrotizing Encephalopathy of Childhood

    Another possible cause is the presence of acute petechial hemorrhage within a lesion, particularly a thalamic lesion.[] Our MR imaging score included the main features of ANEC, which have been reported as thalamic lesions that may bleed and/or cavitate. 3 , 4 Hemorrhage and cavitation are destructive[] C, Mean ADC values and pattern on the right thalamus (A, center of thalamic lesions; B, periphery of the central thalamic lesions; C, outside portions of the thalamic lesions[]

  • Hyperesthetic Thalamic Pain Syndrome

    Thalamic lesions, particularly those involving the posterior thalamus, can also be associated with increased pain syndromes.[] Thalamic pain patients were noted to have lesions mainly in lateral and posterior thalamic nuclei on magnetic resonance imaging [ 11 ].[] Thalamic Syndrome may also be a consequence of the presence of a tumor or lesion in the thalamus.[]

  • Japanese Encephalitis

    We thus attributed the episodes of hyperthermia to secondary hypothalamic impairment with thalamic lesions.[] Brain imaging revealed thalamic lesions in all patients, with the hippocampus, midbrain, basal ganglia, and cerebral cortex affected to varying degrees.[] In a patient with acute encephalitis, thalamic lesion suggests JE and temporal lobe involvement HSE. Long term outcome in JE is better compared to HSE.[]

  • Hypothalamic Dysfunction

    Abstract Unilateral thalamic lesions cause transient or permanent behavioral, sensory and oculomotor disturbances; bilateral lesions of thalamus result in more severe and[] We thus attributed the episodes of hyperthermia to secondary hypothalamic impairment with thalamic lesions.[] We present an atypical case of bilateral paramedian thalamic infarct with concomitant hypothalamic dysfunction.[]

  • Brain Stem Hemorrhage

    Typically pure paresthesia is associated with thalamic lesions. This is an atypical presentation for a very rare form of brainstem hemorrhage.[] In other words, we are dubious that this collection of symptoms is specific for a single lesion.[] Midbrain/Thalamic hemorrahages Movie of mixed jerk torsion and shimmering pendular (9 meg) Midbrain hemorrhages can cause very devastating nystagmus, often with twisting eye[]

  • Hemiballismus

    lesions.[] Abstract We report a case of a patient with profound right-sided hemiballismus resulting from an acute unilateral left thalamic lesion.[] The lesions responsible for the ballistic movement in these patients were located near the subthalamic nucleus and in the putamen, respectively.[]

  • Cerebral Thrombosis

    J Comput Assist Tomogr 10 (1986) 10–15 Google Scholar [18] Marcu H, H Hacker, D Vonofakos: Bilateral reversible thalamic lesions on computed tomography.[] The differential diagnoses of unilateral thalamic lesions include vascular lesions, mainly arterial thalamic infarctions ( 3 ), and tumors such as germinomas ( 14 – 17 ),[] lesions) About 50% of CVT undergo haemorrhagic transformation prior to anticoagulation RISK FACTORS CVT is often multi-factorial in aetiology underlying thrombophilia (acquired[]

  • Dysmyelination with Jaundice

    Many of the cases with .athetoid movements have complicated thalamic lesions in addition to those of the basal ganglia.[]

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