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317 Possible Causes for Thalamic Lesions

  • Cerebral Vein Thrombosis

    lesions revealed by computed tomography.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CT revealed bilateral thalamic lesions, more severe on the side contralateral to the movement disorder, without striatal involvement.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Because of these promising therapeutic results, bilateral thalamic lesions should alert the physician to consider the possibility of deep cerebral vein thrombosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Thalamic Neoplasm

    However, the 15 patients reported here had astasia related to unilateral thalamic lesions, documented by autopsy and computed tomography in 2 patients and by computed tomography[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Case Discussion CT and MRI demonstrates a left thalamic lesion.[radiopaedia.org] Bilateral thalamic lesions. AJR Am J Roentgenol 2009;192:W53-62. [Figure 1] , [Figure 2][jgmh.org]

  • Acute Necrotizing Encephalopathy of Childhood

    Another possible cause is the presence of acute petechial hemorrhage within a lesion, particularly a thalamic lesion.[kjronline.org] Our MR imaging score included the main features of ANEC, which have been reported as thalamic lesions that may bleed and/or cavitate. 3 , 4 Hemorrhage and cavitation are destructive[ajnr.org] C, Mean ADC values and pattern on the right thalamus (A, center of thalamic lesions; B, periphery of the central thalamic lesions; C, outside portions of the thalamic lesions[med66.com]

  • Hyperesthetic Thalamic Pain Syndrome

    Thalamic lesions, particularly those involving the posterior thalamus, can also be associated with increased pain syndromes.[link.springer.com] Thalamic pain patients were noted to have lesions mainly in lateral and posterior thalamic nuclei on magnetic resonance imaging [ 11 ].[clinicalgate.com] Thalamic Syndrome may also be a consequence of the presence of a tumor or lesion in the thalamus.[flash.lymenet.org]

  • Japanese Encephalitis

    We thus attributed the episodes of hyperthermia to secondary hypothalamic impairment with thalamic lesions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Brain imaging revealed thalamic lesions in all patients, with the hippocampus, midbrain, basal ganglia, and cerebral cortex affected to varying degrees.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In a patient with acute encephalitis, thalamic lesion suggests JE and temporal lobe involvement HSE. Long term outcome in JE is better compared to HSE.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypothalamic Dysfunction

    Abstract Unilateral thalamic lesions cause transient or permanent behavioral, sensory and oculomotor disturbances; bilateral lesions of thalamus result in more severe and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We thus attributed the episodes of hyperthermia to secondary hypothalamic impairment with thalamic lesions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We present an atypical case of bilateral paramedian thalamic infarct with concomitant hypothalamic dysfunction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Brain Stem Hemorrhage

    Typically pure paresthesia is associated with thalamic lesions. This is an atypical presentation for a very rare form of brainstem hemorrhage.[neurology.org] In other words, we are dubious that this collection of symptoms is specific for a single lesion.[dizziness-and-balance.com] Midbrain/Thalamic hemorrahages Movie of mixed jerk torsion and shimmering pendular (9 meg) Midbrain hemorrhages can cause very devastating nystagmus, often with twisting eye[dizziness-and-balance.com]

  • Hemiballismus

    lesions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract We report a case of a patient with profound right-sided hemiballismus resulting from an acute unilateral left thalamic lesion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The lesions responsible for the ballistic movement in these patients were located near the subthalamic nucleus and in the putamen, respectively.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cerebral Thrombosis

    J Comput Assist Tomogr 10 (1986) 10–15 Google Scholar [18] Marcu H, H Hacker, D Vonofakos: Bilateral reversible thalamic lesions on computed tomography.[link.springer.com] The differential diagnoses of unilateral thalamic lesions include vascular lesions, mainly arterial thalamic infarctions ( 3 ), and tumors such as germinomas ( 14 – 17 ),[ajnr.org] lesions) About 50% of CVT undergo haemorrhagic transformation prior to anticoagulation RISK FACTORS CVT is often multi-factorial in aetiology underlying thrombophilia (acquired[lifeinthefastlane.com]

  • Dysmyelination with Jaundice

    Many of the cases with .athetoid movements have complicated thalamic lesions in addition to those of the basal ganglia.[karger.com]

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