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13 Possible Causes for To-and-Fro Murmur

  • Patent Ductus Arteriosus

    ") heart murmur (usually from aorta to pulmonary artery, with higher flow during systole and lower flow during diastole) cardiomegaly (enlarged heart, reflecting ventricular[en.wikipedia.org] […] exceeding the normal resting rate) respiratory problems dyspnea (shortness of breath)Signs include: continuous "machine-like" (also described as "rolling-thunder" and "to-and-fro[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Aortic Valve Insufficiency

    This, together with the presence of a short and soft systolic murmur, often results in development of a soft to-and-fro murmur. Occasionally, such murmurs are absent.[circ.ahajournals.org] Case 1 A 23-year-old man admitted to an intensive care unit with Staphylococcus bacteremia presented with soft heart sounds and a to-and-fro murmur, which progressed to a[circ.ahajournals.org] An early diastolic murmur is often heard, but, compared with that of patients with chronic AR, the murmur is softer and shorter.[circ.ahajournals.org]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    Physical examination disclosed a grade IV/VI diastolic murmur at aortic area and left parasternal border.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Immediate bedside echocardiography revealed an onion-shaped aortic root with a dissecting intima flapping to-and-fro in between aortic root and left ventricular outflow tract[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Aortic Regurgitation

    This, together with the presence of a short and soft systolic murmur, often results in development of a soft to-and-fro murmur. Occasionally, such murmurs are absent.[circ.ahajournals.org] Other abnormal sounds include a forward ejection and backward regurgitant flow (to-and-fro) murmur, an ejection click soon after the S 1, and an aortic ejection flow murmur[merckmanuals.com] Case 1 A 23-year-old man admitted to an intensive care unit with Staphylococcus bacteremia presented with soft heart sounds and a to-and-fro murmur, which progressed to a[circ.ahajournals.org]

  • Aortic Dissection

    Physical examination disclosed a grade IV/VI diastolic murmur at aortic area and left parasternal border.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Immediate bedside echocardiography revealed an onion-shaped aortic root with a dissecting intima flapping to-and-fro in between aortic root and left ventricular outflow tract[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Aneurysm of Sinus of Valsalva

    murmur (see Figure 23-17 ).[clinicalgate.com] The patient had a to-and-fro murmur, grade 5/6 systolic and 3/6 diastolic, which was most strongly audible over the left sternal border.[ecrjournal.com] […] a 82-year-old man, 33 and an 85-year-old man came to attention because an occult unruptured aortic sinus aneurysm in the right ventricular outflow tract caused a to-and-fro[clinicalgate.com]

  • Ruptured Sinus of Valsalva

    The patient had a to-and-fro murmur, grade 5/6 systolic and 3/6 diastolic, which was most strongly audible over the left sternal border.[ecrjournal.com] murmur (see Figure 23-17 ).[clinicalgate.com] The clinical examination reveals IV/VI degree (Levine) pluriorificial continuous (‘‘to and fro’’) systolic-diastolic murmur, predominantly in the aortic auscultation area,[romanianjournalcardiology.ro]

  • Heart Murmur

    Systolic flow murmur Systolic murmur To-and-fro murmur Tricuspid inspiratory pansystolic murmur ICD-9-CM Volume 2 Index entries containing back-references to 785.2 :[icd9data.com] Postpartum (after childbirth) heart murmur Postpartum heart murmur Presystolic mitral murmur Presystolic murmur Presystolic tricuspid murmur Shunt murmur Soft systolic murmur[icd9data.com] […] murmur On examination - systolic murmur On examination - systolic murmur at apex On examination - tricuspid murmur Organic heart murmur Pansystolic murmur Plateau cardiac murmur[icd9data.com]

  • Aorto-Right Ventricular Tunnel

    AO-RV tunnel should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a critically sick newborn with cyanosis, a “to and fromurmur, and signs of right heart failure.[link.springer.com] […] and diastolic murmur grade III/VI, audible along the left sternal border.[heart.bmj.com] Aortico-right ventricular tunnel with pulmonary stenosis in a neonate Statistics from Altmetric.com A 10 day old asymptomatic baby girl was evaluated for a to-and-fro systolic[heart.bmj.com]

  • Peripheral Arteriovenous Aneurysm

    A thrill can be palpated over the fistula, and a continuous loud, to-and-fro (machinery) murmur with accentuation during systole can be heard during auscultation.[merckmanuals.com]

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