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246 Possible Causes for Tonic Posturing

  • Vasovagal Syncope

    OBJECTIVES: The evidence is conflicting regarding the role of baroreflex in patients with vasovagal syncope. The aim of the study was to measure baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) and hemodynamic parameters during head up tilt test (HUT) with nitroglycerine stimulation. METHODS: Nitroglycerine stimulated HUT was[…][]

  • Versive Seizure

    IntroductionPontine ischemia usually results in focal decits such as hemi-ders of eye movements or ver-who pre in tnormararely dtient kept this tonic posture for about 30[] Even in patients where tonic posturing appears unilateral, a bilateral increase or decrease of tone occurs. 1 Postural seizures refer to tonic contraction affecting more than[] Clinical Features Ictal The hallmark of simple motor seizures is focal motor activity that may be expressed as clonic, tonic, postural, or phonatory activity.[]

  • Rolandic Epilepsy

    Benign Rolandic epilepsy or benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BCECTS) is the most common epilepsy syndrome in childhood. Most children will outgrow the syndrome (it starts around the age of 3–13 with a peak around 8–9 years and stops around age 14–18), hence the label benign. The seizures,[…][]

  • Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis Type 3

    Ocularly, Batten disease is characterized by a rapid deterioration of vision, progressing to blindness within a few years. Onset typically occurs at between 5 and 10 years of age. The fundus shows a bull's eye maculopathy, diffuse pigmentary degeneration, arteriolar attenuation and optic atrophy, and an extinguished[…][]

  • Infantile Hemiplegia

    Startle epilepsy is provoked by unexpected sensory stimuli, mainly auditory, and reveals subsequent tonic posturing of the limbs.[] The patients with SEIBD both had hemiplegia, due to gross contralateral hemispheric lesions, and suffered from tonic postural seizures, frequently provoked by sudden unexpected[] Firstly, video-polygraphic recordings of startle-evoked seizures, triggered by unexpected auditory stimuli, showed tonic asymmetrical postures with ictal EEG characterized[]

  • Febrile Infection-Related Epilepsy Syndrome

    posturing, and unilateral limb jerking in all patients.[] Seizure characteristics in the chronic phase were strikingly stereotyped and similar to the acute phase, with head and eye version, unilateral facial jerking, asymmetric tonic[]

  • Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

    Seizures generally consist of brief episodes of tonic posturing and other movements, apnea, eye deviations, and blood pressure fluctuations.[]

  • Lumbar Disk Herniation

    This shunted antalgic posture is commonly referred to as a lumbar list.[] In standing, her shoulders were shunted to the left side, her back was extended and pelvis anteriorly tilted, and there was visible hyper-tonicity of the lumbar para-spinal[]

  • Focal Motor Seizure

    Tonic Seizures Tonic seizures consist of sustained muscle contractions that usually last for more than 5 to 10 seconds and result in posturing of the limbs or whole body ([] FIGURE 2.5 Typical postures of patients with SMA epilepsy. Left bilateral tonic arm extension.[] Focal tonic seizure : Stiffening of arm, leg, or neck producing a forced posture during the seizure.[]

  • Postictal State

    posturing, clonic jerking of the body and extremities, etc.).[] Tonic postural motor activity was considered as unilateral tonic posturing (UTP) and if it was accompanied by a rotational and a dystonic component with a forced unnatural[] We report a 24‐year‐old woman whose initial examination was notable for a fixed stare, no response to voice or command, gaze preference, tonic head posturing, constant stereotypic[]

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