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29 Possible Causes for Turbid Cerebrospinal Fluid

  • Bacterial Meningitis

    Mondini dysplasia is rare, but has an important association with recurrent bacterial meningitis. We herein describe the case of a 3-year-old girl with unilateral sensorineural hearing loss who presented with three independent episodes of bacterial meningitis within 8 months. Temporal bone computed tomography indicated[…][]

  • Listerial Meningitis

    A lumbar puncture was performed, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was turbid in appearance.[] Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was turbid on gross appearance. It showed a protein of 720 mg/dL and a sugar of 49 mg/dL (the concurrent blood sugar was 251 mg/dL).[]

  • Pneumococcal Meningitis

    A 61-year-old Japanese woman presented with a headache and appetite loss lasting for nine days and was admitted to our hospital, where she was diagnosed with pneumococcal meningitis associated with acute sphenoid sinusitis. While the administration of meropenem and dexamethasone ameliorated the meningitis, right[…][]

  • Meningococcal Meningitis

    A patient with fatal recurrent meningococcal meningitis is described. Detailed complement and immunological investigation revealed a combined deficiency of C8 and anti-meningococcal antibody. An inability to make anti-meningococcal antibody in C8 deficient patients has not been previously reported.[]

  • Hemophilus Meningitis

    Case definitions Probable bacterial meningitis was defined as a child hospitalized with suspected meningitis from whom the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was either visibly turbid[]

  • Staphylococcus Aureus Meningitis

    The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was turbid, with polymorphonuclear pleocytosis of 1400 cells/mm 3. protein and glucose were 249 mg/dl and 39 mg/dl, respectively.[] Examination of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) 12. 6- Cell count: Normal 0-5 cells /mm3 Markedly increased in bacterial tuberculous and viral accordingly 7- Glucose measurement[] Appearance: clear or turbid 3. Wet Mount 4. Gram Stain for bacteria. 5. Geimsa stain for Presence of neutrophils or lymphocytes or R.B.C.s.[]

  • Leptospiral Meningitis

    Leptospirosis is a widespread zoonotic disease characterised by headache and fever. These symptoms are often suggestive of meningitis, but only a proportion of patients have leptospiral meningitis. We report episodes of leptospiral meningitis in patients admitted to a tertiary referral centre in the Netherlands, in[…][]

  • Tularemia Meningitis

    Tularemia meningitis is a distinctly rare entity with only 14 cases reported in the literature, half of which occurred prior to 1950. In this case we provide the first description of cerebral microabscesses which occurred as a complication of tularemia meningitis.[]

  • Streptococcus Pyogenes

    The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was turbid with 10,000 leukocytes/mm(3). Direct examination of CSF showed Gram-positive cocci in chains, and cultures yielded S. pyogenes.[]

  • Streptococcus Pneumoniae

    A lumbar puncture was performed that showed pink, turbid cerebrospinal fluid containing high levels of protein and abundant neutrophils and erythrocytes, as well as gram-positive[]

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