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21 Possible Causes for Turbid Cerebrospinal Fluid

  • Meningitis

    cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) with a moderate or large number of leucocytes and amount of protein, determined by dipstick testing (Multistix‐10‐SG, Bayer Australia Ltd, Sydney[] […] techniques used to establish a diagnosis of bacterial meningitis The first study ( Duke 2002 ) made a diagnosis according to clinical signs of meningitis and a cloudy or turbid[]

  • Staphylococcus Aureus Meningitis

    The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was turbid, with polymorphonuclear pleocytosis of 1400 cells/mm 3 . protein and glucose were 249 mg/dl and 39 mg/dl, respectively.[]

  • Listeria Meningitis

    Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was turbid on gross appearance. It showed a protein of 720 mg/dL and a sugar of 49 mg/dL (the concurrent blood sugar was 251 mg/dL).[]

  • Bacterial Meningitis

    BACKGROUND: The ability of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) lactate to distinguish between acute bacterial meningitis (ABM) and aseptic meningitis/encephalitis (AME) is debated. We assessed the diagnostic value of CSF lactate to discriminate between ABM and AME. METHODS: We included 176 patients from a prospective adult[…][]

  • Meningococcal Meningitis

    Abstract Purulent fluid collections, including brain abscess and subdural empyema, are exceedingly rare in association with meningococcal meningitis. We present a 5-month-old infant with meningococcal meningitis and sepsis complicated by an intracerebral abscess.[]

  • Tularemia Meningitis

    Abstract Tularemia meningitis is a distinctly rare entity with only 14 cases reported in the literature, half of which occurred prior to 1950. In this case we provide the first description of cerebral microabscesses which occurred as a complication of tularemia meningitis.[]

  • Leptospiral Meningitis

    BACKGROUND: Leptospirosis is a widespread zoonotic disease characterised by headache and fever. These symptoms are often suggestive of meningitis, but only a proportion of patients have leptospiral meningitis. METHODS: We report episodes of leptospiral meningitis in patients admitted to a tertiary referral centre[…][]

  • Pneumococcal Meningitis

    BACKGROUND: In previous studies of pneumococcal meningitis in adults within general hospitals or national cohorts, the most common predisposing conditions were otitis media, sinusitis, pneumonia, immunosuppression, alcoholism, and diabetes. The epidemiology of pneumococcal meningitis is changing because of the use of[…][]

  • Hemophilus Meningitis

    Abstract Eleven cases of Hemophilus meningitis seen in the last year are reported. Three were H. parainfluenzae and eight were H. influenzae. The number of patients is small but probably indicates that there is little difference in the clinical or laboratory data in meningitis caused by these two organisms. The[…][]

  • Meningeal Plague

    Until recently, plagues were thought to belong in the ancient past. Now there are deep worries about global pandemics. This book presents views from anthropology about this much publicized and complex problem. The authors take us to places where epidemics are erupting, waning, or gone, and to other places where[…][]

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