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10 Possible Causes for Unilateral Diaphragmatic Elevation

  • Atelectasis

    Atelectasis is collapse of lung tissue with loss of volume. Patients may have dyspnea or respiratory failure if atelectasis is extensive. They may also develop pneumonia. Atelectasis is usually asymptomatic, but hypoxemia and pleuritic chest pain may be present in certain cases. Diagnosis is by chest x-ray. Treatment[…][merckmanuals.com]

  • Pulmonary Embolism

    BACKGROUND: Acute pulmonary embolism (APE) can be life-threatening. Early detection is even more difficult for patients under general anesthesia as common symptoms are not available and the pathophysiological course of intra-operative APE is influenced by procedures of surgery and anesthesia, which makes patients[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Subphrenic Abscess

    Subphrenic abscess describes an accumulation of bacteria, cellular debris and leukocytes in a purulent cavity situated inferior of the diaphragm, in close proximity to liver and spleen. At least one in two SA patients presents with a medical history of recent abdominal surgery. Onset of SA-associated symptoms[…][symptoma.com]

  • Diaphragmatic Eventration

    diaphragmatic elevation on postoperative chest X-ray (mean elevation, 2.5   0.26 intercostal spaces [ICS]) and were diagnosed as having diaphragmatic eventration due to diaphragmatic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A diagnosis of unilateral diaphragmatic eventration was made, and laparoscopic surgery was performed. Intraoperative findings revealed a partially thin diaphragm.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] However, the patient may compensate quite well if there is unilateral diaphragmatic paralysis or eventration, with resultant normal blood gas levels.[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Diaphragmatic Rupture

    Diaphragmatic rupture is a life-threatening condition. Diaphragmatic injuries are quite uncommon and often result from either blunt or penetrating trauma. Diaphragmatic ruptures are usually associated with abdominal trauma however, it can occur in isolation. Acute traumatic rupture of the diaphragm may go unnoticed[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pleural Effusion

    It identifies the cause of unilateral elevation of the diaphragm and alteration of its motility, which can be caused by phrenic nerve paralysis, subpulmonary pleural effusion[scielo.br] ( Figure 2 ), subphrenic abscess, mass in the superior abdomen, diaphragmatic hernia, diaphragmatic tumor, and pulmonary volume reduction.[scielo.br]

  • Respiratory Muscle Paralysis

    Although chest radiography is a reasonably sensitive tool for detecting unilateral diaphragmatic paralysis (90%), its specificity is unacceptably low (44%).[blogs.nejm.org] Morning Report Questions Q: How does one diagnose diaphragmatic dysfunction? A: Chest radiographs may reveal elevated hemidiaphragms and basal subsegmental atelectasis.[blogs.nejm.org]

  • Phrenic Nerve Palsy

    Diaphragmatic fluoroscopy confirmed unilateral diaphragmatic paralysis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] However, the patient may compensate quite well if there is unilateral diaphragmatic paralysis or eventration, with resultant normal blood gas levels.[clinicaladvisor.com] We present a case series of four patients (all male, mean age 53) presenting with dyspnoea preceded by severe self-limiting upper limb and shoulder pain, with an elevated[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Turner Syndrome

    Diaphragmatic fluoroscopy confirmed unilateral diaphragmatic paralysis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We present a case series of four patients (all male, mean age 53) presenting with dyspnoea preceded by severe self-limiting upper limb and shoulder pain, with an elevated[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Diaphragm Disorder

    Although chest radiography is a reasonably sensitive tool for detecting unilateral diaphragmatic paralysis (90%), its specificity is unacceptably low (44%).[blogs.nejm.org] Morning Report Questions Q: How does one diagnose diaphragmatic dysfunction? A: Chest radiographs may reveal elevated hemidiaphragms and basal subsegmental atelectasis.[blogs.nejm.org]

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