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101 Possible Causes for Unilateral Hilar Adenopathy

  • Infectious Mononucleosis

    We describe a case of infectious mononucleosis (IM) hepatitis occurring in an elderly thespian, who had recently played the role of 'Father Christmas'. We discuss the importance of differing clinical manifestations in older and younger age groups, the changing epidemiology of Epstein Barr (EB) infection within the[…][]

  • Chronic Pulmonary Coccidioidomycosis

    Hilar adenopathy Hilar adenopathy is seen in approximately 20-25% of patients with coccidioidomycosis. It is usually unilateral and concomitant with parenchymal lesions.[] The constellation of an infiltrate and hilar adenopathy in a patient from an endemic area should raise suspicion for coccidioidal pneumonia.[]

  • Pulmonary Sarcoidosis

    […] sign” · Unilateral hilar nodes rare (3-8%) · Egg-shell calcification hilar nodes in long-standing sarcoid · Rare · DDX: Silicosis · Adenopathy and parenchymal disease (41%[] hilar nodes almost always involved (isolated middle mediastinal adenopathy rare) unilateral hilar enlargement without mediastinal involvement rare (1-3%) 3 isolated anterior[] […] alone (43%)-Stage 1 · Intrathoracic adenopathy in 80% · Location · Bilateral hilar and (R) paratracheal · Most common (75-90%) · “1-2-3 sign”, “Pawn-broker’s sign”, “Garland[]

  • Pulmonary Tuberculosis

    […] or mediastinal adenopathy at any age should strongly suggest TB Lymph node § Mostly unilateral hilar and/or paratracheal, usually right sided, rarely bilateral § Differentiates[] […] more than lower § Alveolar infiltrate § Cavitation is rare § Lobar pneumonia is almost always associated with lymphadenopathy—therefore, lobar pneumonia associated with hilar[]

  • Tuberculous Pericarditis

    Although it is known that extrapulmonary tuberculosis in patients with AIDS has a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations, pericardial involvement has rarely been described. We report a case of this condition as the first manifestation of AIDS with good response to antituberculous therapy. Although unusual, the[…][]

  • Blast Phase

    The prognosis for patients with Philadelphia-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) who evolve into acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or blast phase (MPN-BP) is extremely poor. Although allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) is considered potentially curative, very few patients have been reported who have[…][]

  • Pulmonary Lymphoma

    The incidence of synchronous lung tumors is rare, as reported in various clinical series, ranging from 0.2% to 8%. Most reported cases of synchronous tumors were shown to have the same histologic types of lung cancer. Among possible combinations, squamous cell carcinoma was by far the most common. Primary[…][]

  • Tularemia

    During the last decades, large tularemia outbreaks in humans have coincided in time and space with population outbreaks of common voles in northwestern Spain, leading us to hypothesize that this rodent species acts as a key spillover agent of Francisella tularensis in the region. Here, we evaluate for the first time[…][]

  • Disseminated Blastomycosis

    An 18-year-old woman developed disseminated blastomycosis in the 30th week of pregnancy. She was treated with amphotericin-B. Simultaneous maternal-infant blood levels at birth were 1.9 and 1.3 micrograms/mL, respectively. The amphotericin-B level in the amniotic fluid was 0.3 microgram/mL at delivery. The infant was[…][]

  • Lymph Node Tuberculosis

    Studies defining role of systemic steroids in routine management of cervical lymph node tuberculosis (CLNTB) are too few and inconclusive. The present study was carried out to define the role of add-on prednisolone in the management of CLNTB. Patients of CLNTB were randomized into two groups. Group I patients[…][]

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