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272 Possible Causes for Upper Limb Dystonia

  • Adult-Onset Cervical Dystonia Type DYT23

    "DYT13, a novel primary torsion dystonia locus, maps to chromosome 1p36.13-36.32 in an Italian family with cranial-cervical or upper limb onset".[wikivisually.com] […] syndrome Cranio-cervical dystonia with laryngeal and upper-limb involvement Early-onset generalized limb-onset dystonia Focal, segmental or multifocal dystonia Generalized[se-atlas.de] […] dominant cranio-cervical/upper limb dystonia in one Italian family DYT14 See DYT5 DYT15 607488 unknown 18p11 [6] Myoclonic dystonia not linked to SGCE mutations DYT16 612067[wikivisually.com]

  • Primary Torsion Dystonia

    Two had a somewhat atypical phenotype with focal and segmental upper-limb dystonia without further progression.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] common, typically starts in the upper limbs, and remains focal. • Writer's cramp is the most common task-specific upper limb dystonia. • Suspected secondary limb dystonias[medlink.com] In all patientsonset was focal, most frequently a cranial dystonia(50.4%), followed by cervical (22.0%), upper limb(15.4%), laryngeal (8.3%) or lower limb dystonia(2.6%).[medigoo.com]

  • Oculomotor Apraxia

    limb dysmetria with mild intention tremor (7) areflexia (8) eventual development of quadriplegia with loss of ambulation (9) chorea and upper limb dystonia are common Laboratory[meducator3.net] Chorea and upper-limb dystonia are common. Intellect remains normal in some individuals; in others, different degrees of cognitive impairment have been observed.[lacaf.org] Chorea is present at onset in 80% of patients and upper limb dystonia (see this term) occurs in about 50% of individuals.[orpha.net]

  • X-linked Parkinsonism-Spasticity Syndrome

    […] region in upper limbs; mild course DYT-14 14q13 Dopa Responsive generalized dystonia Autosomal Dominant Early onset, leading to gait and postural abnormalities with generalized[cmdg.org] limb dystonia, parkinsonism (bradykinesia, and postural instability), dysarthria, dysphagia.[neuroweb.us] (blepharopasm, jaw dystonia, tongue dystonia, Meige syndrome, cervical dystonia, trunk dystonia, limb dystonia, writer’s cramp) Hemifacial spasm and other facial dyskinesias[movementdisorders.us]

  • Hemiballismus

    He subsequently developed hemiballismus in the right lower limb and dystonia of the distal right upper limb spreading proximally to involve the shoulder.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Strabismus

    Lower Limb Spasticity The most frequently reported adverse reactions following injection of BOTOX for lower limb spasticity include arthralgia, back pain, myalgia, upper respiratory[botoxmedical.com] Cervical Dystonia The most frequently reported adverse reactions following injection of BOTOX for Cervical Dystonia include dysphagia (19%), upper respiratory infection (12%[botoxmedical.com]

  • Hereditary Late-Onset Parkinson Disease

    Limb Dystonia: affects the legs, feet, arms or hands. Upper limb dystonia often appears only when performing a specific task, such as writing (Writer’s Cramp).[dystonia-parkinsons.org] When dystonia affects children, it often starts in a leg before spreading to other limbs and trunk.[dystonia-parkinsons.org] In adults, dystonia tends to remain localized to a body region and frequently affects first the upper body. Dystonia usually occurs or worsens during voluntary movement.[dystonia-parkinsons.org]

  • Temporal Lobe Epilepsy

    Upper limb dystonia is a useful lateralizing feature, lateralizing the seizure to the contralateral hemisphere.[epilepsydiagnosis.org] Contralateral upper limb dystonia may develop and head and eye version to the contralateral side can occur.[epilepsydiagnosis.org] Lateral temporal lobe seizures may spread and motor features such as contralateral upper limb dystonia, facial twitching or grimacing, and head and eye version may occur.[epilepsydiagnosis.org]

  • Ataxia-Oculomotor Apraxia Syndrome

    Chorea is present at onset in 80% of patients and upper limb dystonia (see this term) occurs in about 50% of individuals.[orpha.net] Chorea and upper-limb dystonia are common. Intellect remains normal in some individuals; in others, different degrees of cognitive impairment have been observed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Upper-limb dystonia occurs in about 50% of individuals and may in some cases be sufficiently pronounced to justify diagnostic consideration of extrapyramidal disorders.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Deafness

    The patient presented with progressive segmental craniocervical dystonia with jaw-opening, tongue protrusion, retrocollis and gradual overflow including upper limb dystonia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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