Create issue ticket

30 Possible Causes for Upper to Lower Segment Ratio Decreased

  • Autosomal Recessive Pachydermoperiostosis 

    Pachydermoperiostosis (PDP) is a rare genetic disorder that affects both bones and skin. [1] Other names are idiopathic hypertrophic osteoarthropathy or Touraine-Solente-Golé syndrome. [2] It is mainly characterized by pachydermia (thickening of the skin), periostosis (excessive bone formation) and finger[…][en.wikipedia.org]

  • Brittle Cornea Syndrome Type 1

    A syndrome of red hair, blue sclera, and brittle cornea with recurrent spontaneous perforations is presented in 2 siblings of a Tunisian Jewish family. The genetic transmission of this disorder is autosomal recessive. This is the second description of this syndrome, which should be called the 'brittle cornea syndrome'.[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Klinefelter Syndrome

    On physical exam he has gynecomastia, long limbs and decreased upper/lower segment ratio.[meddean.luc.edu] Affected males show a normal to tall stature with a decreased upper segment to lower segment ratio, hypertelorism and epicanthic folds, simplified ears and mild prognathism[dx.doi.org]

  • Marfan Syndrome

    segment ratio.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The extremities are disproportionately long for the size of the trunk (dolichostenomelia), leading to an increase in the arm span-to-height ratio and a decrease in the upper-to-lower[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Skeletal Dysplasia

    It is important to remember that a patient with a short trunk has a decreased upper/lower segment ratio, while a short statured patient with normal trunk and relatively short[intechopen.com] With these parameters, it is possible to obtain the cormic index, which is the upper/lower ratio. The values of cormic index modify with age.[intechopen.com]

  • Salti-Salem Syndrome

    Male patients are typically noted to have a high-pitched voice and a eunuchoidal habitus with a decreased upper-to-lower segment ratio, long limbs, and an arm span that exceeds[symptoma.com]

  • Cutis Laxa

    Increased arm span/height ratio and decreased upper/lower body segment has been described in several GO patients and could be caused by vertebral body collapse (Hunter et[scielo.br]

  • Congenital Scoliosis due to Bony Malformation

    Beyond puberty, the patients are short in stature, mainly due to a short trunk with decrease upper and lower body segment ratio.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism

    Affected males show a normal to tall stature with a decreased upper segment to lower segment ratio, hypertelorism and epicanthic folds, simplified ears and mild prognathism[dx.doi.org]

  • Familial Short Stature

    The average upper-to-lower body segment ratio is 1.7 at birth and decreases to 1.0 at 10 years of age with leg growth.[aafp.org] The sitting height is subtracted from the patient's standing height to obtain the lower body segment value. Body proportions vary during childhood.[aafp.org]

Further symptoms