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88 Possible Causes for Upper-to-Lower Segment Ratio Increased

  • Aarskog Syndrome

    Aarskog-Scott syndrome [OMIM 100050] is a predominantly X-linked disorder that is phenotypically characterized by short stature, craniofacial dysmorphisms, brachydactyly and urogenital abnormalities. The level of intelligence shows a great variability and no specific behavioural phenotype has been described so far. In[…][]

  • Langer Mesomelic Dysplasia

    upper/ lower segment ratio Short stature Limbs Abnormality Fibula rudimentary Increased carrying angle Madelung deformity Radius dorsolaterally bowed and short Show images[] References References Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man Close Signs / Symptoms (11) Craniofacial Mandibular hypoplasia Growth Decreased arm span and increased[]

  • SPONASTRIME Dysplasia

    Sponastrime dysplasia is a rare skeletal dysplasia characterized by severe short stature, scoliosis, a saddle nose, frontal bossing, and increased upper/lower segment ratio[] upper/lower segment ratio.[] Abstract Author Information Authors Sponastrime dysplasia is a rare skeletal dysplasia characterized by severe short stature , scoliosis, a saddle nose, frontal bossing, and increased[]

  • Dilatation of the Pulmonary Artery

    segment/lower segment ratio, increased arm/height ratio, scoliosis or thoracolumbar kyphosis, reduced elbow extension, and facial features as the skeletal score, and pneumothorax[] […] features comprising the wrist sign, the thumb sign, pectus carinatum, pectus excavatum, chest asymmetry, hindfoot deformity, plain pes planus, protrusio acetabuli, reduced upper[]

  • Laron Syndrome

    Body segments progressed harmonically: there was a tendency towards improvement in the upper to lower body segment ratio and in cranial growth.[] The upper-to-lower segment ratio is increased with regard to sex and chronologic age, denoting short limbs for trunk size.[] The frontal fontanel was open (1.5 cm 1.5 cm), and pale skin, frontal bossing, blue sclera, a hypoplastic nasal bridge, obesity, and an increased upper-to-lower segment ratio[]

  • Marfan Syndrome

    segment ratio, and increased arm span-height ratio (1 point), and 1 point each for the following: scoliosis or thoracolumbar kyphosis, reduced elbow extension, three of five[] segment to lower segment ratio AND increased arm/height ratio AND no severe scoliosis: 1 point Scoliosis or thoracolumbar kyphosis: 1 point At least 3 of the following facial[] segment/lower segment ratio AND increased arm/height AND no severe scoliosis 1 Scoliosis or thoracolumbar kyphosis 1 Reduced elbow extension 1 Facial features (3/5) 1 ( dolichocephaly[]

  • Nelson Syndrome

    In males, loss of body hair, small soft testes, increased upper–to–lower segment ratio are some features seen. [1] [2] [3] [4] [6] Visual disturbances- Decreased visual acuity[]

  • RHYNS Syndrome

    TO LOWER SEGMENT RATIO INCREASED, LYMPHEDEMA, WEBBED NECK HIGH PALATE, SHIELD LIKE CHEST, WIDELY SPACED HYPOPLASTIC AREOLAE, MICROGNATHIA, LOW SET EARS, PIGMENTED NEVI, TELANGIECTASES[] […] pituitary tumor transforming gene expression (PTTG1) promoting angiogenesis and formation of prolactinomas 1:2500 LIVE BIRTHS, 25% MOSAICS, 2/3 HAVE MATERNAL X CHROMOSOME, UPPER[] […] hormones and growth hormone effects Oral estrogens reduce igf-1 production Increase in cortisol production Increased t4 to t3 conversion Estrogen and prolactinomas Estrogens increase[]

  • Mosaic Monosomy X

    upper to lower segment ratio 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0012774 39 recurrent otitis media 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000403 40 webbed[] 0008209 36 female infertility 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0008222 37 postnatal growth retardation 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0008897 38 increased[]

  • Hypodontia

    […] lip Abnormally low-pitched voice Increased upper to lower segment ratio Prominent umbilicus Prenatal movement abnormality Chondritis Phthisis bulbi Frontoparietal polymicrogyria[] Patent ductus arteriosus Intellectual disability, mild Milia Abnormal facial shape Motor delay Cervical spine hypermobility Protruding ear Curved linear dimple below the lower[] Curly eyelashes Increased nuchal translucency Osteochondritis Dissecans Hyperextensibility of the finger joints Volvulus Widow's peak Hypoglycemia Hypoplastic sacrum Mask-like[]

Further symptoms