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9 Possible Causes for Urine Acetoacetic Acid Increased

  • 2-Methylbutyryl-CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency

    increase of 2-methyl-3-hydroxybutyric acid, but the levels of 3-methylcrotonyl-glycine or 2-methyl-acetoacetic acid were basically normally.[omicsonline.org] As shown by the gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, the levels of 2-methyl-3-hydroxybutyric acid, 3-methylcrotonyl-glycine and 2-methyl-acetoacetic acid were increased,[omicsonline.org] In the first gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of the urine sample, the levels of 3-hydroxybutyric acid, acetoacetic acid, 2-methyl-3-hydroxybutyric acid and 3-hydroxyisovalerate[omicsonline.org]

  • Histidinemia

    acid expose to air, air oxidizes it, and it turns black (urine black).[quizlet.com] Cause & Clinical: without Homogenitase oxidase intermediate product: homogenitasic acid will increase URINE. later, black pigment in cartilage and other connective tissues[quizlet.com] Alkapton-uria (AKU) benign disease Defective: Homogentisate Oxidase (HGO) without HGO, (start product) tyr can't make (end products) fumarate and acetoacetate once Homogentisic[quizlet.com]

  • Lipoatrophic Diabetes Mellitus

    […] to ketonemia (ketone increase in blood) and ketonuria (ketone increase in urine). What causes metabolic ketoacidosis?[quizlet.com] acid and β-hydroxybutyric acid can be utilized by peripheral tissues, what can occur?[quizlet.com] […] coenzyme A which are oxidized and produce ketone bodies. acetoacetic acid and β-hydroxybutyric acid If the rate at which ketone bodies are formed exceeds the rate at which acetoacetic[quizlet.com]

  • Malnutrition

    Levels of acetone, 3-hydroxybutyric acid, and acetoacetate in various body fluids were also highly increased, indicating ketosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Postmortem biochemistry, however, showed severely increased levels of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and blood and urine glucose levels.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    Thus, together with acetoacetic and beta-hydroxybutyric acids, there are increased amounts of 36 organic acids in the blood and urine of patients with DKA.[omicsonline.org] Progress in methods of biochemical analysis has made possible to identify successively 34 such “unidentified acids” [ 5 ].[omicsonline.org]

  • Cataract - Ataxia - Short Stature - Mental Retardation (CASM)

    acetoacetic acid/beta hydroxybutyric acid cause drop in blood pH -fruity breath and high ketone bodies in circulation/urine diagnostic -without insulin (type 1), glucose[quizlet.com] […] deficiency or def of B oxidation enzymmes -due to buildup of minor pathway overall picture of ketonemia and ketonuria, smell of acetone on breath is common feature -ketoacidosis- increased[quizlet.com]

  • Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Coma

    In DKA, bicarbonate is replaced by β-hydroxybutyric acid and acetoacetic acid, so that the sum of bicarbonate and chloride concentrations is reduced and the anion gap is thus[cmaj.ca] increased.[cmaj.ca] Despite substantial losses of ketoacids in the urine, the decrease in serum bicarbonate concentration and the increase in the anion gap observed in DKA are about equal. 9[cmaj.ca]

  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    In DKA, bicarbonate is replaced by β-hydroxybutyric acid and acetoacetic acid, so that the sum of bicarbonate and chloride concentrations is reduced and the anion gap is thus[cmaj.ca] increased.[cmaj.ca] Despite substantial losses of ketoacids in the urine, the decrease in serum bicarbonate concentration and the increase in the anion gap observed in DKA are about equal. 9[cmaj.ca]

  • Hawkinsinuria

    […] serum and urine carnosine; increased CSF homocarnosine α-Methylacetoacetic aciduria ( 250 , 251 ) 3-Ketothiolase Recurrent severe acidosis α-Methyl acetoacetate and α-methyl-β-hydroxy[neupsykey.com] […] butyric acid in urine Hypertryptophanemia ( 252 , 253 ) Tryptophan transaminase Ataxia, spasticity, mental retardation, pellagra-like skin rash, cataracts Elevated serum[neupsykey.com] […] elevated; urinary γ-aminobutyric acid elevated Carnosinemia ( 249 ) Carnosinase Grand mal and myoclonic seizures, progressive mental retardation; most subjects are asymptomatic Increased[neupsykey.com]

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