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246 Possible Causes for Urine Sodium Increased, Wasting Syndrome

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    Despite a diminishing GFR, sodium and water balance is well maintained by increased fractional excretion of sodium in urine and a normal response to thirst.[] The same is true for individuals who have low muscle mass for other reasons, such as malnutrition, cachexia, or amputation.[] Uremia Uremia (urine constituents in blood) is a clinical syndrome caused by progressive accumulation of nitrogen waste products among patients with kidney failure who with[]

  • Cerebral Salt-Wasting Syndrome

    CSW is associated with increased urine output and increased urine sodium concentration and volume contraction, and it is frequently seen after a central nervous system trauma[] Phosphate Cerebral salt-wasting syndrome leads to an increase in the fractional excretion of phosphate (FEP), in contradistinction to SIADH.[] CSWS is associated with a decreased serum sodium level, increased urinary sodium level, increased urine output, decreased ECF volume, increased atrial natriuretic peptide[]

  • Renal Salt-Wasting Syndrome

    Both RSWS and SIADH share similar laboratory values, such as hyponatremia and increased urine sodium; however, the major diagnostic feature used to differentiate between these[] Renal salt wasting syndrome is yet another, though it is not common.[] To support this proposal, one prospective observational study found that patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage had increased urine volumes and sodium excretion, correlating[]

  • Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone Secretion

    Once the tests reveal hyponatremia, the urine and plasma osmolality is determined along with urine sodium.[] Among various causes of hyponatremia, the diagnoses of the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) and cerebral/renal salt wasting syndrome (C/RSW[] After a 15-mg dose of tolvaptan, the patient had rapid increase in urine output and symptomatic hypotension.[]

  • Addison's Disease

    Because mineralocorticoids stimulate sodium reabsorption and potassium excretion, deficiency results in increased excretion of sodium and decreased excretion of potassium,[] A young Marshallese woman presented with the insidious development of fever, cough, fatigue, profound weakness, massive weight loss, cachexia, alopecia, amenorrhea, and periumbilical[] Another possible cause of adrenocortical insufficiency in patients with AIDS is the use of megestrol acetate (Megace) as an appetite stimulant to stem HIV wasting disease.[]

  • Acute Tubular Necrosis

    .  Uremic syndrome/Uremia:Uremic syndrome/Uremia: Uremia results from the accumulationUremia results from the accumulation of nitrogenous waste.[] Urine sodium and FENa will increase along with a decrease in urine osmolality.[] […] tests since both levels increase with kidney failure biopsy to examine your kidney tissue blood tests to measure sodium and creatinine CT scans of the inside of your kidneys[]

  • Hyponatremia

    Urine sodium and osmolality were increased.[] Medications, like diuretics, can cause your kidneys to increase the amount of sodium excreted in urine.[] Another potential cause of hyponatremia is cerebral salt-wasting syndrome (CSWS), although CSWS has not previously been reported in NMOSDs.[]

  • Iodine Poisoning

    It is also well known that hypothyroid sufferers lose sodium rapidly through their urine.[] Because of this, their need for salt (sodium) increases which only further compounds this problem and increases your risk of iodine toxicity.[]

  • Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis

    […] level that is at least 3 mEq/L, a chloride level that is 85 mEq/L and increasing, and a urine output of at least 1 to 2 mL/kg/hr.[] According to Barash, the infant should have normal skin turgor, and the correction of the electrolyte imbalance should produce a sodium level that is 130 mEq/L, a potassium[]

  • Acute Cystitis

    Megestrol acetate for treatment of anorexia-cachexia syndrome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Mar 28;3:CD004310.[] Taking sodium bicarbonate may increase sodium levels in your body.[] Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, an omega-3 fatty acid from fish oils) for the treatment of cancer cachexia. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007 Jan 24;1:CD004597.[]

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