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246 Possible Causes for Urine Sodium Increased, Wasting Syndrome

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    Despite a diminishing GFR, sodium and water balance is well maintained by increased fractional excretion of sodium in urine and a normal response to thirst.[merckmanuals.com] The same is true for individuals who have low muscle mass for other reasons, such as malnutrition, cachexia, or amputation.[emedicine.medscape.com] Uremia Uremia (urine constituents in blood) is a clinical syndrome caused by progressive accumulation of nitrogen waste products among patients with kidney failure who with[wikidoc.org]

  • Cerebral Salt-Wasting Syndrome

    CSW is associated with increased urine output and increased urine sodium concentration and volume contraction, and it is frequently seen after a central nervous system trauma[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Phosphate Cerebral salt-wasting syndrome leads to an increase in the fractional excretion of phosphate (FEP), in contradistinction to SIADH.[symptoma.com] CSWS is associated with a decreased serum sodium level, increased urinary sodium level, increased urine output, decreased ECF volume, increased atrial natriuretic peptide[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Renal Salt-Wasting Syndrome

    Both RSWS and SIADH share similar laboratory values, such as hyponatremia and increased urine sodium; however, the major diagnostic feature used to differentiate between these[link.springer.com] Renal salt wasting syndrome is yet another, though it is not common.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] To support this proposal, one prospective observational study found that patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage had increased urine volumes and sodium excretion, correlating[docneuro.com]

  • Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone Secretion

    Once the tests reveal hyponatremia, the urine and plasma osmolality is determined along with urine sodium.[symptoma.com] Among various causes of hyponatremia, the diagnoses of the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) and cerebral/renal salt wasting syndrome (C/RSW[journal.frontiersin.org] After a 15-mg dose of tolvaptan, the patient had rapid increase in urine output and symptomatic hypotension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Addison's Disease

    Because mineralocorticoids stimulate sodium reabsorption and potassium excretion, deficiency results in increased excretion of sodium and decreased excretion of potassium,[merckmanuals.com] A young Marshallese woman presented with the insidious development of fever, cough, fatigue, profound weakness, massive weight loss, cachexia, alopecia, amenorrhea, and periumbilical[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Another possible cause of adrenocortical insufficiency in patients with AIDS is the use of megestrol acetate (Megace) as an appetite stimulant to stem HIV wasting disease.[web.archive.org]

  • Acute Tubular Necrosis

    .  Uremic syndrome/Uremia:Uremic syndrome/Uremia: Uremia results from the accumulationUremia results from the accumulation of nitrogenous waste.[slideshare.net] Urine sodium and FENa will increase along with a decrease in urine osmolality.[clinicaladvisor.com] […] tests since both levels increase with kidney failure biopsy to examine your kidney tissue blood tests to measure sodium and creatinine CT scans of the inside of your kidneys[healthline.com]

  • Hyponatremia

    Urine sodium and osmolality were increased.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Medications, like diuretics, can cause your kidneys to increase the amount of sodium excreted in urine.[my.clevelandclinic.org] Another potential cause of hyponatremia is cerebral salt-wasting syndrome (CSWS), although CSWS has not previously been reported in NMOSDs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Iodine Poisoning

    It is also well known that hypothyroid sufferers lose sodium rapidly through their urine.[tombrimeyer.com] Because of this, their need for salt (sodium) increases which only further compounds this problem and increases your risk of iodine toxicity.[tombrimeyer.com]

  • Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis

    […] level that is at least 3 mEq/L, a chloride level that is 85 mEq/L and increasing, and a urine output of at least 1 to 2 mL/kg/hr.[openanesthesia.org] According to Barash, the infant should have normal skin turgor, and the correction of the electrolyte imbalance should produce a sodium level that is 130 mEq/L, a potassium[openanesthesia.org]

  • Acute Cystitis

    Megestrol acetate for treatment of anorexia-cachexia syndrome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Mar 28;3:CD004310.[choosingwisely.org] Taking sodium bicarbonate may increase sodium levels in your body.[livestrong.com] Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, an omega-3 fatty acid from fish oils) for the treatment of cancer cachexia. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007 Jan 24;1:CD004597.[choosingwisely.org]

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