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494 Possible Causes for Visual Field Constriction

  • Craniopharyngioma

    The authors present the case of a 12-year-old boy who developed progressive visual field constriction 11 years after gross-total resection of a solid and cystic craniopharyngioma[] .  prechiasmal localization typically results in associated findings of optic atrophy (eg, progressive decline of visual acuity and constriction of visual fields).  retrochiasmal[] Visual loss following surgery for craniopharyngioma is usually the result of operative injury or tumor recurrence.[]

  • Retinitis Pigmentosa 7

    Visual loss: Progressive visual field constriction (typically presenting by the teenage age) is another hallmark of RP.[] LCA is characterized by night blindness, constricted visual fields, narrowed vessels, bone-spicule pigmentation in midperiphery of retina, pigment deposits in macular region[] A standardized Humphrey visual field examination confirmed significant field constriction.[]

  • Glaucoma

    All eyes had a constricted visual field  10 (severe injury by the Humphrey visual field automated (HVFA) 10-2).[] field.[] The patient will experience this as a progressive 'tunnelling' of vision or constriction of the field of vision (see left box image).[]

  • Retinitis Pigmentosa 9

    Her left visual field was constricted. Fundal examination revealed bone spicule pigments and attenuated vessels.[] A standardized Humphrey visual field examination confirmed significant field constriction.[] The gradual loss of vision and the constriction of the visual fields are known to be caused by loss of both types of photoreceptors, rods and cones ( 10 ).[]

  • Autosomal Recessive Optic Atrophy Type 7

    Goldmann perimetry identified bilateral visual field constriction in both patients.[] […] of peripheral visual field Commonly - More than 50% cases Horizontal nystagmus Not very common - Between 30% and 50% cases Exotropia Commonly - More than 50% cases Progressive[] Ishihara plates : 2/14 OD, 3/14 OS Nagel anomaloscope : protanomalous match Goldmann Visual Field testing (see Figure 3): Right eye -- baring of blind spot with mildly constricted[]

  • Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy

    Visual acuity was normal, but visual fields were severely constricted without clear hemianopic features. The ophthalmic examination was otherwise normal.[] One year later, visual fields remained severely constricted; neurologic examination, including formal neuropsychometric testing, was normal.[] At 6 months after the event, brain MRI demonstrated brain volume loss in the primary visual cortex and no other abnormalities.[]

  • Bardet-Biedl Syndrome 2

    Subsequent clinical evaluation of her brother showed evidence of retinal degeneration and peripheral visual field constriction.[] The younger brother’s electroretinographic responses at 21 years of age were nondetectable, and his visual fields were severely constricted (5 -15 ).[] Eye exam showed significant visual field constriction, nyctalopia, and peripheral pigmentary changes. Family history at the time was non-contributory.[]

  • Nefazodone

    The vision changes included reduced acuities, reduced colour vision and visual field constriction in both eyes and were thought to be associated with the use of nefazodone[] Multifocal electroretinograms and visual evoked potentials were recorded using the Visual Evoked Response Imaging System (VERIS) to investigate the nature and site of the[]

  • Peripheral Vascular Disease

    The authors report on 2 patients who were being followed up for possible glaucoma and whose visual field constriction became worse at about the same time as their peripheral[]

  • Lateral Medullary Syndrome

    Various sensory impairments have been reported in patients with lateral medullary syndrome, also known as Wallenberg syndrome. The typical sensory impairments experienced by patients with this condition are ipsilateral facial and contralateral trunk and limb thermal hypesthesia and hypoalgesia. Tactile (light touch)[…][]

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