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88 Possible Causes for Xanthochromia

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  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    We assess the sensitivity and specificity of xanthochromia as adjudicated by visual inspection and spectrophotometry at predicting the presence of cerebral aneurysm in patients[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Traditional teaching is that a positive tap is Xanthochromia or blood in the CSF What exactly is Xanthochromia?[tamingthesru.com] 6 red blood cells/L or xanthochromia.[bmj.com]

  • Choroid Hemorrhage

    Xanthochromia may also be seen with hemorrhagic infarcts, brain tumors, and jaundice.[neuropathology-web.org] […] alteration of the mental state and/or level of consciousness. [6] Focal neurological signs are either minimal or absent, but focal and/or generalized seizures may occur. [6] Xanthochromia[en.wikipedia.org] Xanthochromia (blonde color) of the CSF following subarachnoid hemorrhage is due to oxyhemoglobin which appears in 4 to 6 hours and bilirubin which appears in two days.[neuropathology-web.org]

  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    Lumbar puncture: should be performed on any patient with suspected SAH and a negative CT head, xanthochromia can be seen within 12 hours of ictus and can last for 2 weeks[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Acute Subdural Hematoma

    Abstract The overwhelming majority of cases of acute subdural hematoma in the forensic setting occur as a result of head trauma. We report a case of sudden unexpected death in a middle-aged woman with a history of arachnoid cyst who had sudden spontaneous onset of severe headache that was rapidly followed[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Meningeal Tuberculosis

    Hydrocephalus is one of the commonest complications of tuberculous meningitis (TBM) occurring in up to 85% of children with the disease. It is more severe in children than in adults. It could be either of the communicating type or the obstructive type with the former being more frequently seen. The Vellore grading[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cerebellar Hemorrhage

    Intern Med. 2008;47(5):467-9. Epub 2008 Mar 3. Author information 1 Department of Neurology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital-Kaohsiung Medical Center, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Abstract Nattokinase is used as a health-promoting medicine for preventing thrombosis due to its[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hematomyelia

    BACKGROUND: Spontaneous or idiopathic intramedullary bleeding is a very rare event in pediatric patients. This diagnosis requires an extended clinical, laboratory, and radiologic work-up to rule out all potential causes of hematomyelia. However, children may present with hematomyelia or spinal cord injury without[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Leptomeningeal TTR Amyloidosis

    The CSF study revealed hyperproteinaemia (177 mg/dL) and xanthochromia. The electromyography study ruled out peripheral neuropathy.[elsevier.es] The CSF protein level was 1,099 mg/dL with xanthochromia.[n.neurology.org] A CSF examination on 11 June revealed xanthochromia and showed that the protein level had increased to 145 mg/dl with mild lymphocytic pleocytosis (27/mm 3 ).[jnnp.bmj.com]

  • Superficial Siderosis of the Central Nervous System

    The syndrome is clinically defined by slowly progressing deafness, cerebellar ataxia, myelopathy and neuropsychological deficits in combination with recurrent xanthochromia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Repeated subarachnoid hemorrhage was indicated by persistent xanthochromia of the cerebrospinal fluid and confirmed by the presence of erythrophages, siderophages and iron-containing[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Excess iron, ferritin, and red blood cells may result in xanthochromia of the cerebrospinal fluid.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Thunderclap Headache

    Evaluating the sensitivity of visual xanthochromia in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Emerg Med. 2010;39(1):13–6. PubMed Google Scholar 38.[doi.org] Xanthochromia after subarachnoid hemorrhage needs no revisitation. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1989 ; 52 : 826 –8. Alberico RA , Patel M, Casey S, et al .[dx.doi.org]

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