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392 Possible Causes for Xerophthalmia

  • Vitamin A Deficiency

    The authors present a 10-year-old boy with autism and idiopathic intracranial hypertension referred for evaluation of dry eyes.[] There was one case of xerophthalmia referred due to microbial keratitis. Vitamin A deficiency and xerophthalmia do exist in children of developed country.[] Xerophthalmia is also a leading cause of preventable blindness.[]

  • Sjogren's Syndrome

    Artificial tears are effective in remedying against dry eye. Tears in normal eyes are drained through tear ducts.[] Sjogren's syndrome(SS) is a chronic autoimmune disease, which damages exocrine glands especially salivary and lacrimal glands, with xerostomia and xerophthalmia as common[] Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is defined by a triad of signs and symptoms: xerophthalmia xerostomia nondeforming arthritis It occurs in 0.5-2.0% of the population and is more common[]

  • Trachoma

    Other causes of preventable blindness include: Xerophthalmia , due to lack of vitamin A in the diet.[] Village and household clustering of xerophthalmia and trachoma. Int J Epidemiol 1988;17:865-9. 20. Rogers DJ, Randolph SE.[]

  • Sicca Syndrome

    Xerophthalmia persisted to the second year of follow-up in 17.7% of cases and was still present in the third year of follow-up in 13.9% of cases.[] The sicca syndrome has been defined as the occurrence of xerostomia and xerophthalmia.[] Sicca syndrome (SS), consisting of xerostomia and xerophthalmia, may be caused by various disease processes.[]

  • Xerophthalmia

    Other forms of dry eye are associated with aging, poor lid closure, scarring from a previous injury, or autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and Sjögren's syndrome[] Although sodium hyaluronate can be used to help relieve the symptoms of dry eyes, present evidence cannot show in unequivocal terms that patients with xerophthalmia can benefit[] Xerophthalmia Xerophthalmia is a dry, thickened, lusterless condition of the eyeball resulting from vitamin A deficiency. xerophthalmia 'dry eyes'; feature of SjÖgren's syndrome[]

  • Riboflavin Deficiency

    They were reportedly healthy and had no signs of xerophthalmia.[]

  • Mixed Connective Tissue Disease

    Raynaud phenomenon (frequently first symptom), heliotrope rash, Gottron papules Musculoskeletal – arthralgia, swollen hands and fingers, arthritis, myalgia Ophthalmic – xerophthalmia[] Anti-Ro/SSA antibodies also correlated with dry eyes and dry mouth.[] eyes and dry mouth.[]

  • Ectodermal Dysplasia

    Dry eyes and thick nasal secretions can be treated with saline sprays. Ophthalmologic and otolaryngologic consultation may be warranted.[] Decreased secretions can also lead to xerostomia, xerophthalmia, thick nasal secretions, excessive cerumen, hoarse voice, respiratory infections, and dysphagia.[]

  • Stevens-Johnson Syndrome

    Ocular: xerophthalmia, photophobia, symblepharon, synechiae, entropion, meibomian gland dysfunction and sight impairment.[]

  • Syndromic Microphthalmia Type 10

    Translation: Xerophthalmie Comments: Xerophthalmia is a specific term for dry eyes due to vitamin A deficiency.[] Quod vide: dry eye Translations to other languages than German are available for the following terms: Fellow of the European Board of Ophthalmology (Abbreviations & acronyms[] […] acronyms: Echo) Sonografie (Abbreviations & acronyms: Sono) Sonographie (Abbreviations & acronyms: Sono) Ultraschalluntersuchung (Abbreviations & acronyms: Ultraschall) xerophthalmia[]

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