Edit concept Question Editor Create issue ticket

Abnormality of the Auricle

Abnormal Auricles


Presentation

  • New to the Third Edition: Thoroughly reviewed, revised, and updated to reflect current practice and core knowledge tested on Boards Improved organization, clarity, and consistency Presents new chapters/sections on pain management, medical ethics, and[books.google.de]
  • Lesions of ICC present as unilateral asymptomatic swelling on the auricle and appear in the scaphoid fossa in 80% of patients. The lesions contain viscous yellow fluid that causes slight fluctuance. Usually, no ulceration is present.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • The present family has a separate syndrome, but it may have been reported before by Wilmot.[jamanetwork.com]
  • CASE REPORT A 3-year-old girl presented with bilateral auricular anomalies after birth.[e-acfs.org]
  • Abnormal appearance of the external ear and conductive hearing loss present from birth. Bilateral involvement is seen in approximately one-third of patients 2.[radiopaedia.org]
Pain
  • Coverage is expanded in the third edition to include dedicated sections on pain management, medical ethics, and ultrasound that reflect new board requirements.[books.google.de]
  • Effect of controlled masticatory exercise on pain and muscle performance in myofascial pain patients: a pilot study. Cranio. 2006;24(3):184–190. 27. Teachey WS. Otolaryngic myofascial pain syndromes. Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2004;8(6):457–462. 28.[aafp.org]
  • […] hearing loss associated with age. gradual onset, lose the ability to hear high frequency first ear drainage (indicates infection) purulent, bloody drainage - infection of the external ear purulent drainage with pain and a popping sensation - ottis media[quizlet.com]
  • SPECIES OF ORIGIN Species of Origin confirmed by LINE assay Gene COL3A1 Chromosomal Location 2q31 Allelic Variant 1 exon 37 skipped; EHLERS-DANLOS SYNDROME, TYPE IV Identified Mutation IVS37 1delG Remark Clinically affected; repeat hematomas in legs; pain[coriell.org]
  • Besides hearing loss, patients with ear pathology may present with pain, tinnitus, vertigo, and/or hyperacusis. The otoscope can only be used to examine the external and middle ear.[jove.com]
Physician
  • Written for practicing clinicians, this volume is an excellent reference for physicians, audiologists, and other professionals working with individuals with hearing loss and their families, and can also serve as a text for clinical training programs and[books.google.de]
  • Atypical facial pain—a diagnostic challenge [published correction appears in Aust Fam Physician. 2005;34(9):729]. Aust Fam Physician. 2005;34(8):641–645. 14. Ismail H, Hellier WP, Batty V.[aafp.org]
  • Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Association of Physicians. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com Related articles in PubMed[academic.oup.com]
Fever
  • Swelling, pain, fever, redness or pus in and around the pit, signaling an infection, such as cellulitis or an abscess. A slow-growing painless lump right next to the opening, signaling a cyst. A cyst also raises the risk of infection.[chop.edu]
  • Other symptoms include malaise, weight loss, fever, and anorexia. It is important to recognize temporal arteritis because it can cause permanent blindness, but this is usually preventable with prompt initiation of systemic corticosteroids.[aafp.org]
Surgical Procedure
  • Above this age babies start to get stronger and wriggle too much for a surgical procedure. In these cases a general anaesthetic is advised and for safety reasons it is best to wait until the child is over the age of one.[chrisabela.co.uk]
  • N 5002385 8709318 8711017 3294857497&rt r3 Electronics From customer service to airplanes to surgical procedures, the world continues to become more automated. Software and electronics are at the forefront of the revolution.[solutions.3m.com]
Malaise
  • Other symptoms include malaise, weight loss, fever, and anorexia. It is important to recognize temporal arteritis because it can cause permanent blindness, but this is usually preventable with prompt initiation of systemic corticosteroids.[aafp.org]
Respiratory Distress
  • Early complications include infection from the fissures and respiratory distress due ti inadequate chest expansion. 4 1 Reply Reshma Prasad Obstetrics & Gynaecology • 24 Nov 2016 Mx: Supportive care, intubation if nares are not patent, liberal application[dailyrounds.org]
Ear Deformity
  • At Blue Illusion, we offer corrective surgery for all ear deformities ranging from congenital deformities to traumatic injuries to the ear. Our surgeon, Dr.[blueillusionbeauty.com]
  • deformity, a hooded superior helix [4] preauricular pit [7] preauricular tag [7] Darwin's tubercle, protuberance on the anterior helix [5] hypertrichosis, including hypertrichosis lanuginosa acquisita, a hairy pinna [5] cauliflower ear, post-traumatic[en.wikipedia.org]
  • deformity in Turkish adult population as my PhD dissertation study; we encountered a case of an accessory auricle in a 19-year-old female subject [ 5 ].[pulsus.com]
  • The future promises exciting developments, including intrauterine diagnosis and treatment of severe ear deformities, gene therapy and tissue generation, in vitro cartilage growth and the increasing use of prosthetic implants.[patient.info]
Strabismus
  • PMID: 21271665 Costa T, Pashby R, Huggins M, Teshima IE J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 1998 Sep-Oct;35(5):271-6. PMID: 9782438 Diagnosis Hashida N, Ping X, Nishida K BMC Ophthalmol 2013 Nov 12;13:70. doi: 10.1186/1471-2415-13-70.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] areas of skin * Hypopigmented areas of skin * Skin lumps * Nerve tumors * Short stature * Mental retardation * Epicanthal folds * Drooping upper eyelid * Widely spaced eyes * Low nasal bridge * Down-slanting palpebral fissures * Myopia * Ieratoconus * Strabismus[checkorphan.org]
  • […] nutritional factors which may interfere with the development of vertebral and branchial systems. [3], [4] Other manifestations of this syndrome include microtia, accessory auricles, preauricular pits or sinuses, lipodermoids, coloboma, microphthalmia, strabismus[e-ijd.org]
  • Ocular hypertelorism, blepharoptosis, strabismus, ametropia, and cataract have been reported as eye complications in NS [ 8 ].[link.springer.com]
Hyperkeratosis
  • Suganya Venkat General Practitioner • 24 Nov 2016 Verified response Thick, fissured hyperkeratosis, severe ectropion, eclabium and abnormal auricle suggestive of Harlequin ichthyosis.[dailyrounds.org]
Suggestibility
  • Suganya Venkat General Practitioner • 24 Nov 2016 Verified response Thick, fissured hyperkeratosis, severe ectropion, eclabium and abnormal auricle suggestive of Harlequin ichthyosis.[dailyrounds.org]
  • Rogers (1968) has suggested that the lop ear resembles a fetal stage of pinna development, suggesting arrest of development at that stage [12].[sonoworld.com]
  • As its name suggests, ICC is of unknown etiology. Theories involving embryologic malformation of the auricle have been offered to explain its occurrence.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • We could also prove MAPK activation and suggested the possible association of MAPK cascade with cataract formations in this disease.[link.springer.com]
  • This suggests that there is either a transformation in cell fates at the blade/sheath boundary or an over-proliferation of auricle tissue.[em-lab.berkeley.edu]

Workup

  • A battery of workup, including serology tests of anti-HIV antibody, CD4/CD8 counts, rheumatoid arthritis factor, human leukocyte antigen-B27, antinuclear antibody, anti-extractable nuclear antigen, cytomegalovirus antibody, cryptococcal antigen, Toxoplasma[academic.oup.com]

Treatment

  • Epithesis Attachment 5.7 Auricular Epitheses 5.7.1 Development of Auricular Epitheses 5.7.2 Epitheses in the Treatment of Auricular Defects 5.8 Maxillofacial Surgical Treatment of Hemifacial Microsomias 5.9 Methods of Epilation 5.10 Tissue Engineering[bokus.com]
  • […] surgery of different auricular malformations -Epidemiology and embryology -Surgery of auricular overgrowth -Most important otoplasty techniques -Skin expansion -Diagnostics and auxiliary therapy -Radiological examination -Middle ear malformations and treatment[callisto.ro]
  • There are many possible treatments for atrial fibrillation.[healthline.com]
  • […] susceptibility, Arch Dermatol, 2006, vol. 142 (pg. 1287 - 92 ) 3 Treatment of Mycobacterium chelonae infection with controlled localized heating, J Am Acad Dermatol, 1991, vol. 24 (pg. 867 - 70 ) 4 Successful treatment of cutaneous Mycobacterium chelonae[academic.oup.com]
  • Surgical excision is used when other treatment fails.[emedicine.medscape.com]

Prognosis

  • PMID: 3068987 Prognosis Hashida N, Ping X, Nishida K BMC Ophthalmol 2013 Nov 12;13:70. doi: 10.1186/1471-2415-13-70.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The prognosis is generally good, but recurrence after surgery can be a problem. Renal involvement indicates a worse prognosis. Several medical regimens have been tried, including steroids and radiation therapy.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Diagnosis - Neurofibromatosis-Noonan syndrome These home medical tests may be relevant to Neurofibromatosis-Noonan syndrome: * Colon & Rectal Cancer: Home Testing o Home Colorectal Cancer Tests o Home Fecal Occult Bleeding Tests Prognosis - Neurofibromatosis-Noonan[checkorphan.org]
  • […] present for successful surgery course of internal carotid artery, and location of the jugular bulb: if abnormal can be hazardous during surgery course of facial nerve : often abnormally anterior and can be damaged during reconstruction Treatment and prognosis[radiopaedia.org]
  • The prognosis after ASD closure during childhood is excellent and late complications are uncommon. What if the defect is still present? Should it be repaired in adulthood? If the opening is small, surgery or other treatments may not be needed.[heart.org]

Etiology

  • Etiology Am J Med Genet A 2011 Feb;155A(2):418-23. Epub 2011 Jan 13 doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.33827. PMID: 21271665 Costa T, Pashby R, Huggins M, Teshima IE J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 1998 Sep-Oct;35(5):271-6.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This infant had trisomy 18 as an underlying etiology. photo byDavid A Clark, MD[med.stanford.edu]
  • Etiology : Autosomal dominant inheritance in some cases [6]. Pathogenesis : unknown.[sonoworld.com]
  • As its name suggests, ICC is of unknown etiology. Theories involving embryologic malformation of the auricle have been offered to explain its occurrence.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • The etiology is multifactorial with interaction between genetic and environmental factors such as exposure to chemicals or viruses during pregnancy and nutritional factors which may interfere with the development of vertebral and branchial systems. [3[e-ijd.org]

Epidemiology

  • The book also provides updated epidemiologic and statistical data throughout and includes a section on biostatistics in physical medicine and rehabilitation.[books.google.de]
  • Acute trauma, chronic otohematoma, and auricular injuries -Classification and surgery of auricular defects -Central and peripheral defects -Partial and complete auricular reconstruction -Classification and surgery of different auricular malformations -Epidemiology[callisto.ro]
  • Anthropometry of the Auricle 1.3 Esthetic Principles of Auricular Reconstruction 1.4 Basic Principles of Plastic Surgery 2 Tumors of the External Ear 3 Trauma and Noninflammatory Processes 4 Classification and Surgery of Auricular Defects 5 Anomalies 5.1 Epidemiology[bokus.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • The pathophysiology of CNCH is thought to be related to the anatomy of the ear. The skin over the lateral and anterior aspect of the auricle is thin and tightly stretched over the underlying cartilage.[emedicine.medscape.com]

Prevention

  • […] expansion. 4 1 Reply Reshma Prasad Obstetrics & Gynaecology • 24 Nov 2016 Mx: Supportive care, intubation if nares are not patent, liberal application of petroleum, ophthalmic management for ectropion, debridement of hyperkeratotic constrictive bands, prevention[dailyrounds.org]
  • What about preventing endocarditis? Most children with an ASD are not at increased risk for developing endocarditis.[heart.org]
  • Pericardial fluid is produced by the epicardium to lubricate its surface and prevent irritation during the movement of the heart.[innerbody.com]
  • Prevention - Neurofibromatosis-Noonan syndrome Not supplied.[checkorphan.org]
  • The sclerosing creates inflammation and scarring that prevents the cyst from reforming, and the preserved posterior cartilage gives cosmetic support to the auricle.[emedicine.medscape.com]

Ask Question

5000 Characters left Format the text using: # Heading, **bold**, _italic_. HTML code is not allowed.
By publishing this question you agree to the TOS and Privacy policy.
• Use a precise title for your question.
• Ask a specific question and provide age, sex, symptoms, type and duration of treatment.
• Respect your own and other people's privacy, never post full names or contact information.
• Inappropriate questions will be deleted.
• In urgent cases contact a physician, visit a hospital or call an emergency service!