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Abuse and Neglect

Abuse Neglect


  • Based on the present study results, we provide a set of recommendations for surpassing the current methodological and conceptual limitations in future research. Copyright 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Therefore, physicians and dentists are encouraged to collaborate to increase the prevention, detection, and treatment of these conditions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] rocking, sucking, or mumbling to themselves Sexual abuse warning signs: Bruises around breasts or genitals Unexplained vaginal or anal bleeding Torn, stained, or bloody underclothing Elder neglect or self-neglect warning signs: Unusual weight loss, malnutrition[helpguide.org]
  • […] following are features of child neglect: Children being left alone without adequate care and supervision Malnourishment, lacking food, unsuitable food or erratic feeding Non-organic failure to thrive, i.e. a child not gaining weight due not only to malnutrition[tusla.ie]
  • Psychosocial Consequences Some studies suggest that certain signs of severe neglect (such as when a child experiences dehydration, diarrhea, or malnutrition without receiving appropriate care) may lead to developmental delays, attention deficits, poorer[nap.edu]
  • A more rigorous research design was used in this study than has been previously employed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Volunteers must pass rigorous background checks, supply references, submit to staff interviews, and successfully complete extensive training. After those steps are completed, each CASA is officially "sworn in" by a judge.[courts.state.va.us]
Weight Loss
  • loss, malnutrition, dehydration Untreated physical problems, such as bed sores Unsanitary living conditions: dirt, bugs, soiled bedding and clothes Being left dirty or unbathed Unsuitable clothing or covering for the weather Unsafe living conditions[helpguide.org]
  • AIM: An Australian based training programme was the first of its kind to address this issue in a Vietnamese Emergency Department.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In the neglect cases, the victims died of either starvation or suffocation after the aspiration of food into the airway.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Failure to Thrive
  • Possible Signs: underweight, poor growth pattern, and failure to thrive; inappropriate dress, consistent hunger, and poor hygiene; consistent lack of supervision; unattended physical and medical problems and needs; lack of proper medical or mental health[dss.sc.gov]
  • Neglect The following indicators may indicate neglect: failure to thrive developmental delay prone to illness sallow or sickly appearance abnormally high appetite, stealing or hoarding food smelly or dirty appearance untreated medical conditions.[childprotection.sa.gov.au]
  • Oates, R.K. 1984a Similarities and differences between nonorganic failure to thrive and deprivation dwarfism. Child Abuse and Neglect 8:439-445. 1984b Non-organic failure to thrive.[nap.edu]
  • The following are features of child neglect: Children being left alone without adequate care and supervision Malnourishment, lacking food, unsuitable food or erratic feeding Non-organic failure to thrive, i.e. a child not gaining weight due not only to[tusla.ie]
  • You observe possible signs of neglect or emotional abuse (failure to thrive, poor hygiene or clothing, "frozen watchfulness" - although the latter is rare).[starship.org.nz]
  • Emotional abuse predicted shame, guilt, relationship anxiety, and fear of relationships. Emotional neglect predicted relationship anxiety and relationship depression. Physical neglect was associated with less relationship anxiety.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] inappropriate sexual behaviour based on the child’s age promiscuous affection seeking behaviour excessive masturbation which does not respond to boundaries or discipline obsessive and compulsive washing wary of physical contact with others unusually fearful[childprotection.sa.gov.au]
  • Fear of involvement has resulted in family tragedies in which neighbors reported they knew what was going on, but declined to get involved.[co.winnebago.wi.us]
  • Subjecting a child to humiliation, fear, verbal terror, or extreme criticism. Using corporal punishment beyond what is objectionably reasonable and it results in the physical or emotional harm of a child. Exposing a child to family violence.[www1.nyc.gov]
  • Children may be aggressive, withdrawn, depressed, anxious, or demonstrate violent themes in art or fantasy.[dss.sc.gov]
  • […] or glove-like burns Unexplained fractures, injuries or abrasions Nervousness, hyperactivity, aggressiveness, disruptive and destructive behaviors Unusual wariness of physical contact Fear of parent or caretaker Lack of expressed emotion Unduly shy, withdrawn[mecknc.gov]
  • […] out: parent has a drug, alcohol or gambling problem parent does not engage with their child or has a difficult relationship with them child doesn’t have enough clothes on and is often cold and hungry child has unexplained or changeable emotions (eg, withdrawn[health.govt.nz]
  • A mentally ill or traumatized parent may be distant and withdrawn from their children, or quick to anger without understanding why. Treatment for the caregiver means better care for the children. Lack of parenting skills.[helpguide.org]
  • […] walking or sitting Torn, stained or bloody underclothing Pain or itching in genital area Bruises or bleeding in external genitalia, vaginal or anal areas Venereal disease, especially in pre-teens Pregnancy Unwilling to change for gym or participate in PE Withdrawn[nj.gov]
  • Lashing out in anger. Abusive parents act out of anger and the desire to assert control, not the motivation to lovingly teach the child. The angrier the parent, the more intense the abuse. Using fear to control behavior.[helpguide.org]
  • Caregiver mental health and potentially harmful caregiving behavior: The central role of caregiver anger. Gerontologist, 50 , 76-86. doi:10.1093/geront/gnp099 National Committee for the Prevention of Elder Abuse. (2003).[apa.org]
  • For some physically abused children, this may manifest in withdrawal or avoidance (Kaufman and Cicchetti, 1989), or fear, anger, and aggression (Main and George, 1985).[nap.edu]
  • Be ready for the possibility of anger or distress and be prepared to deal with it in an empathetic, honest and non-confrontational fashion. Don't accuse anyone.[starship.org.nz]
  • Avoid denial and remain calm. A common reaction to news as unpleasant and shocking as child abuse is denial.[helpguide.org]
  • Avoid denial and remain calm. Finally, take action. Start the process for documenting and report the suspected abuse or neglect. Mandated Reporters: Who must report suspected child maltreatment? You are responsible for making the report...[iaccrr.org]
  • A letter of denial shall contain at least the following: (A) The specific reasons and legal authority for the denial or decision to withhold; (B) Notification to the requestor of any right to appeal; and (C) A description of the documents withheld by[beta.code.dccouncil.us]
Low Self-Esteem
  • self-esteem Doing poorly in school Extreme behavior, such as being way too obedient or way too demanding Headaches and stomachaches with no clear cause The child doesn’t seem close to a parent or caregiver Showing little interest in friends and activities[webmd.com]
  • These include insecure attachment, unhappiness, low self-esteem, educational and developmental underachievement, risk taking and aggressive behaviour. It should be noted that no one indicator is conclusive evidence of emotional abuse.[tusla.ie]
  • Psychological consequences range from chronic low self-esteem to severe dissociative states. The cognitive effects of abuse range from attentional problems and learning disorders to severe organic brain syndromes.[nap.edu]
  • Physical Abuse Unexplained bruises in various stages of healing Self-destructive behaviors Welts, human bite marks, bald spots Unexplained burns - especially cigarette burns or glove-like burns Unexplained fractures, injuries or abrasions Nervousness, hyperactivity[mecknc.gov]
  • Possible Signs: speech disorders; lags in physical development or failure to thrive; hyperactive and/or disruptive behavior; isolation; withdrawn; significantly more attention given to another sibling; delays in development; phobias; sleep disorders;[dss.sc.gov]
Behavior Problem
  • CONCLUSIONS: Maltreatment is a significant risk factor for teen pregnancy among low income youth even after controlling for neighborhood disadvantage, other caregiver risks and indicators of individual emotional and behavioral problems.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Urquiza 1988 Behavior problems in young sexually abused boys. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 3(1):21-28. Frodi, A., and J.[nap.edu]
Sleep Disturbance
  • Sexual abuse The following indicators may indicate sexual abuse: genital injuries bite marks sexually transmitted diseases persistent soiling or bed wetting sleep disturbance inappropriate sexual behaviour based on the child’s age promiscuous affection[childprotection.sa.gov.au]
  • disturbances or nightmares Pain, itching, bruising or bleeding in the genital area Venereal disease Frequent urinary tract or yeast infections Exhibiting delinquent or aggressive behaviors Showing signs of depression Displaying self-injurious behaviors[mecknc.gov]
  • Synopsis This exciting new book offers a survey of the field of child abuse and neglect from the perspective of modern developmental attachment theory.[amazon.co.uk]
Profound Mental Retardation
  • Maltreated multihandicapped patients admitted to the psychiatric unit were less likely to receive diagnoses of organic brain syndrome or profound mental retardation than nonmaltreated multihandicapped counterparts on the same unit.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]


  • For the physician the patient workup includes a careful history and physical exam, including cognitive evaluation. Ask about living arrangements, financial status, social supports, and emotional stressors.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]


  • Intervening to change parenting practices may, however, be important in their treatment. Despite their frequent occurrence among dental patients, neglect is the least known and identified type of abuse.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]


  • First, the proposed model describes elder abuse and neglect as multifactorial phenomena and identifies specific risk factors associated with the etiology and maintenance of elder abuse and neglect in Latino families.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • However, if specific problem behaviors represent specific etiologies, then a single general intervention strategy might fail to reduce the problems of most individuals.[nap.edu]
  • […] services provided to families that are designed to prevent or reduce the prevalence of child abuse and neglect before signs of abuse or neglect may be present. “(2) ‘Secondary prevention’ means activities and services provided to persons identified by etiological[beta.code.dccouncil.us]


  • KEYWORDS: Child abuse; Child maltreatment; Child neglect; Epidemiology; Tunisia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Shanok 1977 Medical histories of delinquent and nondelinquent children: An epidemiological study. American Journal of Psychiatry 134:1020-1025. Lewis, D.O., S.S. Shanok, J.H. Pincus., and G.H.[nap.edu]
Sex distribution
Age distribution


  • This study also assessed the relationship between in-house CAN expert consultation and professionals' performance of six recommended activities described in a national guideline on preventing CAN for preventive child health care professionals.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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