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Acute Disease


Presentation

  • Patients with malnutrition presented an increased prevalence of dysphagia (68.4% (95% CI 63.3-73.4)). Patients with dysphagia and patients with malnutrition presented increased intrahospital, 6-month and 1-year mortality rates (p 0.05).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This study describes the burden of acute disease presenting to an emergency unit in Mahajanga, Madagascar.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • CONCLUSION: Consistent and unique MRS changes in metabolite ratios between the acute and chronic presentations of the disease were found.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Fig. 1 Color fundus photography, optical coherence tomography, and ultrasonography at presentation. a Fundus photograph of the right eye at presentation shows optic disc hyperemia and peripapillary exudative retinal detachment. b Fundus photograph of[joii-journal.springeropen.com]
  • Presentation The patient may present with the cause of the exacerbation (eg, local infection), features of chronic failure or may present with AKI.[patient.info]
Malaise
  • Symptoms of typical acute diseases include: Nasal congestion Runny nose Cough Chills Fever Body aches Sore throat Malaise Nausea Some acute diseases require immediate medical attention.[lockhartfamilymedicine.com]
  • The cytokines produced early in infection lead to classical symptoms of an acute infection: aches, pains, fever, malaise, and nausea.[virology.ws]
Tachycardia
  • Affected individuals may also experience a faster than normal heart rate (tachycardia) and irregular heartbeats (cardiac arrhythmias). Seizures have also been reported.[rarediseases.org]
  • Sinus tachycardia, mild hypertension, hyperventilation, mydriasis, and peripheral cynaosis were commonly observed in early stages of illness.[cdc.gov]
Contusion
  • The five most common presenting conditions were 1) Superficial injury; contusion, 2) Open wounds of head; neck; and trunk, 3) Open wounds of extremities, 4) Intracranial injury, and 5) Unspecified injury and poisoning.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] of other parts of wrist and hand S423 0,01 Fracture of the humeral shaft S700 0,01 Hip contusion M791 0,01 Myalgia Table 3 Hospitalization: distribution by age group.[scielo.br]
Distractibility
  • Treatments include pain relievers and other medications, acupuncture, biofeedback, relaxation training, hypnosis, distraction techniques, and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation.[webmd.com]

Workup

  • Such asymmetry being atypical, a workup was ordered to rule out conditions mimicking VKH disease.[joii-journal.springeropen.com]
  • Clinical Testing and Workup Screening tests to measure the levels of the porphyrin precursor porphobilinogen (PBG) in urine are essential to confirm a diagnosis of acute porphyria.[rarediseases.org]

Treatment

  • All patients presented with life-threatening symptoms requiring treatment with stent-grafts from the emergency kit. All were at high surgical risk due to serious comorbidities.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Antibiotics are often given to treat these lung infections, but there is no worldwide standard treatment.[cochrane.org]
  • , despite treatment before or after day 5 of illness.[pediatrics.aappublications.org]
  • Treatment consists of rest, fluids and over-the-counter medications for cough and inflammation.[livestrong.com]
  • Diseases for which there is good understanding of underlying pathophysiology and precise treatment appear to have lower death rates throughout the range of physiologic imbalance compared with those for which pathophysiologic knowledge is limited or unknown[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • Xiang-Fen Ji, Xin-You Li, Yu-Chen Fan, Ze-Hua Zhao, Shuai Gao, Feng-Kai Sun, Jing Zhao and Kai Wang, Serum wnt5a is a predictor for the prognosis of acute on chronic hepatitis B liver failure, Biomarkers, 20, 1, (26), (2015).[doi.org]
  • Pi-Qi Zhou, Prognosis of acute-on-chronic liver failure patients treated with artificial liver support system, World Journal of Gastroenterology, 21, 32, (9614), (2015).[doi.org]
  • The prognosis of AIP is usually good if the disorder is recognized before severe nerve damage has occurred and if treatment and preventive measures are begun.[rarediseases.org]
  • Prognostic - Some clinical findings such as high systolic blood pressure or poor glucose tolerance may be symptomless and yet carry an adverse prognosis.[bmj.com]
  • […] aortic injury Long-term surveillance in traumatic aortic injury Iatrogenic aortic dissection Aortic aneurysms Thoracic aortic aneurysms Abdominal aortic aneurysm Definition Risk factors Natural history Diagnosis Abdominal aortic aneurysm repair Long-term prognosis[escardio.org]

Etiology

  • This study again demonstrates the high burden of acute manifestations of lymphatic filariasis, and provides new information on risk factors, which may lead to better understanding of etiology and control prospects.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This report describes the etiology and pathology of a recently described viral agent in fish. Publication type, MeSH terms, Substance Publication type Research Support, Non-U.S.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute, self-limited vasculitis whose etiology remains unknown.[genomemedicine.biomedcentral.com]
  • Environmental studies were performed to evaluate possible toxic etiologies.[cdc.gov]
  • This may include information regarding diagnosis, etiology, drug effects, and treatment or accident prevention. May also include statements about health attitudes and motivation.[care.diabetesjournals.org]

Epidemiology

  • The Acute Disease Epidemiology Section houses several infectious disease-specific Surveillance Teams.[dph.georgia.gov]
  • OBJECTIVE: The objectives of epidemiological surveillance and research of infectious diseases are to address disease prevention, identify outbreaks and monitor and evaluate control strategies.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A Acute Disease Epidemiology Acute Flaccid Myelitis Animal Bites (Rabies) Anthrax Arboviral Disease Avian Influenza B Bed Bugs Bioterrorism Bird Flu (Avian Influenza) Botulism Brucellosis C Campylobacteriosis[dph.georgia.gov]
  • Acute illnesses usually respond to therapy; a return to a state of complete—pre-morbid—health is the norm. acute disease Epidemiology Any condition—eg infection, trauma, pregnancy, fracture, with a short, often 1 month clinical course; ADs usually respond[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • Outbreak Investigations The epidemiologists of the Acute Disease Service respond statewide to conduct epidemiologic investigations of unusual disease clusters and outbreaks of infectious diseases.[ok.gov]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Diseases for which there is good understanding of underlying pathophysiology and precise treatment appear to have lower death rates throughout the range of physiologic imbalance compared with those for which pathophysiologic knowledge is limited or unknown[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • For patients in whom pathophysiologic processes are ongoing, the term acute kidney disease (AKD) has been proposed to define the course of disease after AKI; however, definitions of AKD and strategies for the management of patients with AKD are not currently[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Each protocol contains: An introduction to the metabolic disorder A description of the pathophysiology involved Presentation of symptoms in the patient Assessments needed for correct diagnosis Detailed therapeutic strategies and potential side effects[newenglandconsortium.org]
  • Pathophysiology Catabolic stress such as normal perinatal catabolism or an acute illness (e.g. infection, injury, surgery, febrile illness) produces endogenous protein breakdown leading to increase in the BCAA and related branched chain ketoacids.[newenglandconsortium.org]

Prevention

  • Quick reference guides cover the following topics: Primary prevention of ARF Diagnosis of ARF Management of ARF Secondary prevention of ARF Management of RHD RHD in pregnancy RHD control programs Access the guidelines and quick reference guides on the[heartfoundation.org.au]
  • The best way to prevent repeat episodes of ARF and prevent further damage to heart valves is by having penicillin injections every 21 to 28 days.[healthywa.wa.gov.au]
  • This enables the Oklahoma State Department of Health to evaluate and target our control, education, and prevention efforts across Oklahoma.[ok.gov]
  • Although this may not ease your own symptoms, it will prevent you from spreading infectious diseases. Avoid touching your face, especially your eyes and mouth, to prevent introducing germs into your system.[healthline.com]
  • OBJECTIVE: The objectives of epidemiological surveillance and research of infectious diseases are to address disease prevention, identify outbreaks and monitor and evaluate control strategies.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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