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Adolescence

Adolescence (12 20)


Presentation

  • It should be considered in any child presenting with unexplained right heart failure without an identifiable cause, particularly if central sleep apnea is present, because early initiation of ventilatory support can prevent cardiac and neurologic sequelae[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We present 2 patients found to have ovotesticular disorder of sexual development (otDSD) in late adolescence.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • CONCLUSION: Despite the rarity of the presentations, as encountered by us, similar swellings in the adolescent age group can be schwannomas and can be adequately managed surgically alone.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We present the clinicopathological findings in 4 adolescent patients, presenting with unilateral adnexal masses, in which the preoperative clinical suspicion for malignancy was very high.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • BACKGROUND: Giant paratubal cysts are rare lesions that can present management challenges due to their enormous size. We present a modified minimally invasive approach for effective surgical management of giant paratubal cysts.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Pathologist
  • Review of the literature indicates that adolescent gingival SCC is extremely rare and a challenging diagnosis for the clinician and pathologist alike.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Deepening of Voice
  • Secondary Sexual Characteristics Also secondary sexual characteristics—the nonreproductive traits such as breast and hips ingirls and facial hair and deepening of voice in boysdevelop. Pubic hair and hair in armpit grow in both sexes. 6 7.[slideshare.net]
Sputum
  • Tuberculosis diagnosed based on positive genXpert result, detected sensitive to rifampicin Mycobacterium tuberculosis although acid-fast bacilli sputum smear and culture yielded results were negative.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Sore Throat
  • Abstract A healthy 10-year-old boy presented with fever and progressively worsening sore throat and dysphagia. Physical examination showed pharyngeal erythema with tender left cervical lymphadenopathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Testicular Pain
  • Abstract We present a rare case of cystic dysplasia of the testes in an adolescent boy who presented with testicular pain and found to have a palpable intratesticular mass. Ultrasound revealed an avascular cystic dilation of the testicle.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Responsiveness Decreasing
  • decreased over lever extinction days ( P 0.05), with no difference between age groups by final lever extinction day.[doi.org]
Involuntary Movements
  • Despite adequate glucose control, the involuntary movements persisted and haloperidol, later substituted with valproate, was prescribed, with satisfactory but not complete resolution of the chorea.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Apraxia
  • Traditional language and apraxia therapy was provided to this patient with inclusion of technology and academic topics.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Aphasia
  • Implications for Research Aphasia and its treatment in adolescence need to be further explored. Academics and technology are important aspects of aphasia treatment in adolescence.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Mental Distress
  • Nadav Antebi-Gruszka, Zohar Mor and Guy Shilo, Mental Distress, Well-Being, and Stress-Related Growth following an Anti-LGBQ Hate Crime among LGBQ Young Adults in Israel: The Effect of Familiarity with the Victims and the Mediating Role of Emotional Support[doi.org]

Workup

  • Further workup, including imaging and laboratory tests, was performed before surgical exploration. The first patient had unilateral ovotestis, contralateral testis, and SRY-negative 46,XX karyotype.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • U Gleissner and C Helmstaedter , Pre-surgical neuropsychological workup in children and intellectually disabled adults with epilepsy , Textbook of Epilepsy Surgery , 10.3109/9780203091708-107 , (834-843) , (2013) . Reem A. Tarazi, T.[doi.org]
Sinus Arrhythmia
  • Bean, Parenting Style and Adolescent Externalizing Behaviors: The Moderating Role of Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia, Journal of Marriage and Family, 78, 4, (1149-1165), (2016). Sophia Chae, Sarah R.[doi.org]

Treatment

  • A brief and general overview of typical head and facial pains and treatments will be offered. Moreover, atypical head and face pain will be discussed with treatment options.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This article describes the family-focused treatment (FFT) of a late adolescent with bipolar disorder and polysubstance dependence.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Children and adolescents are generally more likely to experience adverse health consequences after drug treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Implications for Research Aphasia and its treatment in adolescence need to be further explored. Academics and technology are important aspects of aphasia treatment in adolescence.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The treatment of oligodontia in adolescence is an interdisciplinary approach which can include extraction of the primary teeth with orthodontic space closure, or prosthodontic rehabilitation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • It most commonly occurs in young patients secondary to a postinfectious cerebellitis, which is typically associated with a very good prognosis and recovery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Early-onset forms of the disorder have a poorer prognosis than adult-onset forms and are frequently characterized by comorbid substance abuse.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The prognosis of anorectal melanoma is poor; this is at least in part attributable to the relatively large size that such tumors have frequently achieved at presentation, as well as their rich vascular network.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] self-reporting schemes are used. 7, 8 Separating the physical components of puberty is essential to provide robust epidemiological data, aid clinical diagnosis as different endocrine systems influence breast or pubic and axillary hair development, and aid prognosis—for[doi.org]

Etiology

  • In adolescence, acute cerebellar ataxia is more often the product of an etiology likely to progress into a chronic disorder without recovery to preillness baseline.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Diagnostic pitfalls, possible etiologic factors, and the prognostic outlook of this condition are discussed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This report aims to draw attention to the fragility of adolescents' mind and irrational thinking in adolescence that might lead to suicide due to unusual experiences, by presenting a case of completed suicide with its unusual etiology.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] during adolescence while others become less so, according to a new analysis of neuroimaging data collected from more than 700 children and ... read more Drinking During Adolescence and Young Adulthood: Taboo, Tolerated, and Treasured Oct. 30, 2017 — The etiology[sciencedaily.com]
  • Modeling the etiology of adolescent substance use: A test of the social development model. Journal of Drug Issues, 26 (2), 429–455. PubMed Google Scholar Chou, C. P., Yang, D. Y., Pentz, M. A., & Hser, Y. I. (2004).[doi.org]

Epidemiology

  • University Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. 4 Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom. 5 Department of Medical Epidemiology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Author information 1 DONALD Study Dortmund, Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences (IEL), Nutritional Epidemiology, University of Bonn, 44225 Dortmund, Germany. katharina.penczynski@uni-paderborn.de. 2 Department of Sports and Health, Institute of[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract In 785 mother-child (50% male) pairs from a longitudinal epidemiological birth cohort, we investigated associations between inflammation-related epigenetic polygenic risk scores (i-ePGS), environmental exposures, cognitive function, and child[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In an epidemiological cohort study from birth to young adulthood, childhood ADHD diagnoses were assessed at the ages of 4.5, 8, and 11 years based on parent ratings.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] catherine.quatman@osumc.edu. 2 Cincinnati Children's Hospital Division of Sports Medicine, USA; University of Cincinnati Department of Psychology and Center for Action and Perception, USA. 3 Cincinnati Children's Hospital Division of Biostatistics and Epidemiology[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • RECENT FINDINGS: The most recent literature including case reports will be evaluated; possible pathophysiological mechanisms, resulting disabilities, and family and social impact will be discussed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Reproductive Endocrinology: Physiology, Pathophysiology, and Clinical Management (2nd Ed.). W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia. Google Scholar Zacharias, L., Rand, W. M., and Wurtman, R. J. A. (1976).[doi.org]
  • Schulz , Revisiting the role of the prefrontal cortex in the pathophysiology of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. , Psychological Bulletin , 10.1037/0033-2909.132.4.560 , 132 , 4 , (560-581) , (2006) .[doi.org]

Prevention

  • Author information 1 Department of Psychology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA. espelage@ufl.edu. 2 Division of Violence Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Characteristics of effective school-based substance abuse prevention. Prevention Science, 4 (1), 27–38. PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar Graber, J. A., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (1999).[doi.org]
  • Data were drawn from a large drug abuse prevention trial, the Midwestern Prevention Project (MPP). Results showed that both perceived peer and friend cigarette use predicted own cigarette use within and across the adolescent years.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Despite the large amount now known about sleep problems, health professionals are still insufficiently trained in preventing, assessing and treating sleep disorders. Changes at puberty halt the previous steady reduction of sleep during childhood.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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