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Air Pollution

Polluted Air


Presentation

  • This article presents a scientific review of the linkage between occupational exposure to air pollution and ischemic heart disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A scientific review was undertaken, followed by PRISMA Statements.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In the present study, the needles Pinus mugo Turra and Picea abies were used to monitor sampling localities in Austria, Slovakia, and the Czech Republic.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We present a case of a 58-year-old woman who volunteered to participate in a controlled exposure to concentrated ambient particles. Twenty minutes into the exposure, telemetry revealed new onset of atrial fibrillation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] is higher than the IRR of 1.09 (95% CI, 0.79–1.51) we found in the present study, although the CIs widely overlapped.[doi.org]
  • She recently presented her latest research data at the 11th International Congress on Combustion By-Products and Their Health Effects at the Environmental Protection Agency Conference Center in Research Triangle Park, N.C. Dr.[sciencedaily.com]
Cough
  • Anyone experiencing discomfort such as sore eyes, cough or sore throat should consider reducing activity, particularly outdoors.[uk-air.defra.gov.uk]
  • Weather-related cough was prevalent when PM 10 , NO 2 , or ozone (O 3 ) concentrations were high, regardless of COPD severity. High PM 10 concentrations were associated with worsened wheezing, particularly in COPD patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In children higher PM2.5 and NOX concentrations (per μg/m3) were related with wheezing (OR 2.00, 95% CI 1.24-3.24 and OR 1.13, 95% CI 1.06-1.21 respectively) and dry cough (OR 2.33, 95% CI 1.55-3.52 and OR 1.16, 95% CI 1.10-1.22 respectively).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • It can also cause other health problems including: Aggravated respiratory disease such as emphysema, bronchitis and asthma Lung damage, even after symptoms such as coughing or a sore throat disappear Wheezing, chest pain, dry throat, headache or nausea[sparetheair.com]
  • Larger particles -- the ones regulated by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) -- are actually the least harmful because they are coughed up and expelled.[urmc.rochester.edu]
Acne Vulgaris
  • Here we investigated if a possible link exists between air pollution and acne vulgaris.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Denial
  • For example, Stanley Young is a statistician at climate denial group the Heartland Institute.[theguardian.com]
Cognitive Disorder
  • Therefore, we aimed to review the current epidemiological evidence on the effects of air pollution exposure on adverse health outcome, including respiratory diseases, lung function, high blood pressure, cognitive disorder, and obesity in childhood in[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • “Glucocorticoid (steroid) treatment is the foundation of asthma treatment; however, while the majority of patients with asthma respond to glucocorticoid treatment there are a number of patients who do not,” says Dr. Cormier.[sciencedaily.com]
  • WHO’s R&D Blueprint identifies diseases and pathogens that have potential to cause a public health emergency but lack effective treatments and vaccines.[who.int]
  • TX, main effect of CAPs treatment. n 5 animals/sex/treatment/time point. * p t -test.[doi.org]
  • Biostatistics, School of Public Health, State University of New York, Albany, NY, 12144-3445, USA. 3 Laboratory of Occupational Environment and Health Effects, Guangzhou Key Medical Discipline of Occupational Health Guardianship, Guangzhou Prevention and Treatment[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Women in the treatment group had reductions of sore eyes, of headaches, and of sore throats as compared to the control.[sapiens.revues.org]

Prognosis

  • We propose, therefore, that extended exposure to NO 2 leads to development of ischemic strokes and especially of severe ischemic strokes with a poor prognosis.[doi.org]
  • Lung cancer is one of the most frequent cancers and has a poor prognosis.[doi.org]
  • In sum, these observations provide some evidence that ambient PM air pollution exposure rapidly reduces HRV, a surrogate marker for a worse cardiovascular prognosis ( Table 6 ).[doi.org]

Etiology

  • Allergy and smoking histories are less important determinants of occupational asthma developing through IgE-independent mechanisms. 3 Although the list of etiologic agents for occupational asthma includes more than 200 items and is growing, only a few[rtmagazine.com]
  • Intrauterine growth retardation: definition, classification, etiology. Clin Obstet Gynecol 35(1):99-107 1544253. Google Scholar Puderer H. 2001. Introducing the Dissemination Area for the 2001 Census: An Update.[doi.org]
  • To determine the etiological role of such disruption in CAPs-associated neuropathology, we examined regional levels of DA and its metabolites, DOPAC, HVA, NE, 5-HT and its metabolite 5-HIAA, as well as GLN, GLU, and GABA.[doi.org]
  • Synergistic effects of traffic-related air pollution and exposure to violence on urban asthma etiology. Environ Health Perspect. 2007 ; 115 ( 8 ): 1140 – 6.[doi.org]

Epidemiology

  • This work shows that data mining is increasingly being applied in air pollution epidemiology.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Epidemiologic studies have consistently provided evidence of adverse health effects of these air pollutants.[doi.org]
  • There is lack of review to evaluate the existed epidemiologic evidence on the associations between air pollutants and adverse pregnancy outcomes in China, so we conducted a review to explore the current epidemiological evidence on the effects of air pollutants[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Furthermore, our findings can provide guidelines for future epidemiological investigations and policy decisions to achieve the SDGs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • In this article we review the origins of air pollutants, the pathophysiology of health effects, the burden of illness and the clinical implications of smog exposure using the illustrative case of an adolescent patient with asthma.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • General pathophysiological pathways linking long-term PM exposure with mortality and expected patterns of PM mortality with specific causes of death were proposed a priori.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Methods Hypothesized Pathophysiological Pathways Before statistical fitting, expected patterns of PM mortality associations for specific causes of cardiopulmonary deaths were determined based on 3 hypothesized general pathophysiological pathways.[doi.org]
  • Cardiovascular mortality and long-term exposure to particulate air pollution: epidemiological evidence of general pathophysiological pathways of disease. Circulation. 2004 ; 109 :71–77. Link Google Scholar 19.[doi.org]
  • Cardiovascular mortality and long-term exposure to particulate air pollution: epidemiological evidence of general pathophysiological pathways of disease. Circulation 2004 ;109: 71 - 77 15. Jerrett M, Burnett RT, Ma R, et al.[doi.org]

Prevention

  • […] of Social and Preventive Medicine, Inha University College of Medicine, Incheon, Republic of Korea; Department of Environmental and Occupational Medicine, Inha University Hospital, Incheon, Republic of Korea. 4 Department of Preventive Medicine, Dankook[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] behaviors at follow-up assessment (P CONCLUSION: The findings indicated that the TTM-based intervention was effective in increasing air pollution preventive behaviors among pregnant women.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Author information 1 Guangzhou Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution and Health Risk Assessment, Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, 74 Zhongshan 2nd Road, Yuexiu District, Guangzhou, 510080, Guangdong[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Air pollution contributes to preventable illness and death.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Author information 1 Shanghai Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Particle Pollution Prevention (LAP3), Department of Environmental Science & Engineering, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, PR China. 2 Department of Building Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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Last updated: 2014-11-04 11:16