Air Pollution (Polluted Air)

AlfedPalmersmokestacks[1]

Presentation

Skin
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  • Eyes
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  • psychiatrical
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  • musculoskeletal
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  • respiratoric
    Cough
    • It can also cause other health problems including: Aggravated respiratory disease such as emphysema, bronchitis and asthma Lung damage, even after symptoms such as coughing or a sore throat disappear Wheezing, chest pain, dry throat, headache or nausea[sparetheair.com]
    • Exposure to damp and moldy environments may cause nasal stuffiness, throat irritation, coughing or wheezing, eye irritation, or skin irritation. More »[cdc.gov]
    • Though beneficial in the upper atmosphere, at the ground level this gas irritates the respiratory system, causing coughing, choking, and reduced lung capacity. Nitrogen oxides (NOx).[ucsusa.org]
    • See your doctor if you have symptoms of chest tightness, burning eyes, or a cough. If you have asthma, your doctor may be able to prescribe a medicine to use long term or as needed when you have difficulty breathing.[familydoctor.org]
    • Depending on the level of exposure and the type of pollutant inhaled, these effects can vary, ranging from simple symptoms like coughing and the irritation of the respiratory tract to acute conditions like asthma and chronic lung diseases.[environmentalpollutioncenters.org]
    Respiratory Disorders
    • It causes many other health effects, premature births to serious respiratory disorders, even when the particle levels are very low. It makes asthma worse and causes wheezing, coughing and respiratory irritation in anyone with sensitive airways.[history.com]
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  • neurologic
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  • Entire body system
    Falling
    • While emissions of airborne pollutants are falling, more reductions are needed to meet pollution-reduction goals for the Bay and its tributaries.[chesapeakebay.net]
    • .) • Moderate levels are concentrations that fall between the 50th and 75th percentile • High levels fall between the 75th and 99th percentile • Very high levels are above the 99th percentile (99% of the counts are below this level) Based on these definitions[rapca.org]
    • By implementing well-tailored, targeted interventions in the future, there’s hope that air pollution — and its associated damages — will continue to fall.[washingtonpost.com]
    • Overall, emissions are falling, but slowly, says Ortiz. He says the air would get cleaner faster if countries further limited their numbers of vehicles, burned cleaner fuels for heating and created more pedestrianised areas.[newscientist.com]
    • Environmental Working Group’s Cleaners Database is an new resource that will be available in the fall of 2012. It will provide the same kind of analysis as the cosmetics database, only focusing on household cleaning supplies.[precisionnutrition.com]
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  • Liver, Gall & Pancreas
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  • Workup

    Laboratory

    Serum
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  • Treatment

    Prognosis

    Complications

    Acute Bronchitis
    • […] obstructive lung disease Irregular heartbeat Nonfatal heart attacks Premature death in people with heart or lung disease, including death from lung cancer Short-term exposure to particulate pollution can: Aggravate lung disease causing asthma attacks and acute[sparetheair.com]
    Malaria
    • That is double the number of people lost to HIV/Aids, tuberculosis and malaria combined, and four times the number killed on the world’s roads. In Africa, air pollution kills three times more people than malnutrition .[theguardian.com]
    Cholera
    • For centuries, humans unknowingly contaminated sources of drinking water with raw sewage, which led to diseases such as cholera and typhoid.[history.com]

    Etiology

    Epidemiology

    Sex distribution
    Age distribution

    Pathophysiology

    Prevention

    Summary

    Patient Information

    Other symptoms

    Disaster
    • The disaster, which created a 3,000-square-mile oil slick, instantly killed hundreds of thousands of birds, fish and other wildlife and devastated the area for years afterward.[history.com]
    • Historical disasters [ edit ] The world's worst short-term civilian pollution crisis was the 1984 Bhopal Disaster in India . [88] Leaked industrial vapours from the Union Carbide factory, belonging to Union Carbide, Inc., U.S.A.[en.wikipedia.org]
    Arsenical
    • Toxic Pollutants Carcinogenic asbestos, PCE, TCE, vinyl chloride (VC), benzene, PAHs (such as benzo[a]pyrene), ethylene dibromide (EDB), ethylene dichloride (EDC), PCBc, As, Cd, Ni, Cr, some Hg compounds, arsenic oxide, some nitrates, pesticides/insecticides[environmentalpollutioncenters.org]
    Plague
    • India aims to highlight its potential to stage global events by hosting its first major international soccer tournament, hoping it will erase some of the embarrassment that overshadowed the scandal-plagued Commonwealth Games in New Delhi in 2010.[foxnews.com]
    No Scarring
    • […] a special research project accompanying the prosthetics education project, some 200 case studies were generated whose subjects were arm amputees who presented challenges for fitting with the new technologies: such as amputees with very short stumps, scarring[engineering.ucla.edu]

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    References

    1. Acute effects of summer air pollution on respiratory symptom reporting in children. - J Schwartz, DW Dockery, LM Neas - American journal of , 1994 - Am Thoracic Soc
    2. [Incidence, air pollution and risk factors of acute otitis media in the first year of life: a prospective study] - UMJ Cáceres, MJA Alvarez, CJ Argente - Anales de pediatria ( , 2004 - ukpmc.ac.uk
    3. Clinical evaluation of the traditional chinese prescription Chi‐Ju‐Di‐Huang‐Wan for Dry Eye - YH Chang, HJ Lin, WC Li - Phytotherapy Research, 2005 - Wiley Online Library
    4. An association between air pollution and mortality in six US cities - DW Dockery, CA Pope, X Xu - New England journal , 1993 - Mass Medical Soc
    5. A dichotomy in bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome after lung transplantation revealed by azithromycin therapy - BM Vanaudenaerde, I Meyts, R Vos - European , 2008 - Eur Respiratory Soc
    6. Acute respiratory effects of particulate air pollution - DW Dockery, CA Pope - Annual review of public health, 1994 - annualreviews.org
    7. Acute effects of air pollution on pulmonary function, airway inflammation, and oxidative stress in asthmatic children - L Liu, R Poon, L Chen, AM Frescura - Environmental health , 2009 - ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
    8. 'Even the birds round here cough':: stigma, air pollution and health in Teesside - J Bush, S Moffatt, C Dunn - Health & Place, 2001 - Elsevier
    9. A community-based study of the epidemiology of asthma: incidence rates, 1964–1983 - JW Yunginger, CE Reed, EJ O'Connell - American Journal of , 1992 - Am Thoracic Soc
    10. Air quality management: considerations for developing countries - L Wijetilleke, SAR Karunaratne, SK AR - 1995 - books.google.com
    11. An analysis of the association between respiratory symptoms in subjects with asthma and daily air pollution in Spokane, Washington - TF Mar, TV Larson, RA Stier, C Claiborn - Inhalation , 2004 - informahealthcare.com

    Media References

    1. AlfedPalmersmokestacks, Public Domain

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