Edit concept Question Editor Create issue ticket

Airway Obstruction


Presentation

  • Abstract We present two interesting cases of isolated left subclavian artery from the pulmonary artery with symptoms of upper airway obstruction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • These abnormalities may be present in the neonatal period but are typically not detected until at least 6 months of age.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This report highlights the epidemiology, presentation, complication and management of laryngoceles.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The pathological findings in a case of CHAOS is presented. CASE REPORT: A 28-year-old primigravida presented with a history of 5 months of amenorrhoea.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract A 15-year-old boy presented with airway obstruction and a history of sore throat and progressive dyspnoea for 1 month.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Weight Gain
  • ., poor weight gain, difficulty weaning from CPAP) who underwent bronchoscopy in the neonatal period. Critical airway obstruction ( 90%) was identified in these relatively asymptomatic neonates.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: We evaluated the effect of this approach on sleep study results and early weight gain by searching our electronic patient database for infants with isolated RS, born at or referred to our department between 1 January 2003 and 31[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Feeding Difficulties
  • BACKGROUND: Robin sequence (RS), characterised by micrognathia/retrognathia and glossoptosis with or without cleft palate, presents with intermittent upper airway obstruction and feeding difficulties.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Cough
  • For the conscious patient with an apparent partial obstruction, encourage him or her to cough. NOTE: In cases where the patient has an apparent partial obstruction but cannot cough, begin to treat the patient as if this were a complete obstruction.[medical.tpub.com]
  • Children [ 3 ] If coughing effectively, just encourage the child to cough, and monitor continuously. If coughing is, or is becoming, ineffective, shout for help and assess the child's conscious level.[patient.info]
  • A mo ... re severe cough combined with mucus is a sign of bronchitis, where the membranes lining the bronchial tubes become inflamed.[sharecare.com]
Stridor
  • As the plane gained elevation, the mass would grow and cause him to become stridorous and short of breath. The shortness of breath and stridor would only resolve upon landing of the plane.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • It may cause stridor, respiratory distress, and severe airway obstruction in the narrow airway of a newborn and necessitates urgent surgical intervention.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • KEYWORDS: acute life-threatening events; bronchoscopy; stridor; tracheomalacia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Introduction Laryngomalacia is the most common congenital laryngeal anomaly and is the most frequent congenital cause of stridor in infants.[pedsinreview.aappublications.org]
  • Physical examination revealed inspiratory stridor, which indicated an airway obstruction caused by substernal thyrotoxic MNG. Airway intubation and subtotal thyroidectomy were performed. After the surgery, the dyspnea ameliorated.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Dyspnea
  • D L CO% predicted was also the strongest correlate of dyspnea/̇VO 2 slope (r -0.352, p 0.005).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • After the surgery, the dyspnea ameliorated. The general condition of the patient remained good 6 months after the surgery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Thirty-one patients had cough and 48 patients had dyspnea. Patients with abnormal spirometry had higher symptoms, lower exercise tolerance and quality of life.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The FOT, PFTs, chest computed tomography (CT), COPD Assessment Test (CAT), and the modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) dyspnea scale were employed before and after interventional bronchoscopy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • RESULTS: The selected items were sex, dyspnea, BMI, tobacco smoking habits, age, history of respiratory diseases, and history of occupation at risk.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Dyspnea at Rest
  • .  Dyspnea at rest develops when the airway diameter reaches 5 mm, coinciding with the onset of stridor.  Sound recordings from the neck and chest have shown that the sound signals from the asthmatic wheeze and stridor are of similar frequency.[slideshare.net]
  • Dyspnea at rest develops when the airway diameter reaches 5 mm.[clinicaladvisor.com]
Pertussis
  • […] body aspiration, blunt laryngotracheal trauma, penetrating laryngotracheal trauma, tonsillar hypertrophy, paralysis of the vocal cord or vocal fold, acute laryngotracheitis such as viral croup, bacterial tracheitis, epiglottitis, peritonsillar abscess, pertussis[en.wikipedia.org]
Halitosis
  • Four (0.7%) died within 24 hours of the procedure, while the major morbidities were halitosis (n   41, 6.7%) and iatrogenic pneumonia (n   24, 3.9%).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Akinesia
  • Coronary angiography demonstrated no coronary artery disease, but left ventricular angiography showed marked apical ballooning and apical wall akinesia consistent with a diagnosis of takotsubo cardiomyopathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Workup

  • Depending on the results of your examination, you may require further workup in the form of scans, blood work or biopsies. Many different treatment options are available depending upon your diagnosis.[hopkinsmedicine.org]
  • Septic workup should likely include a chest X-ray, labs including lactate, VBG, and blood cultures. Get your “double set up” airway equipment to the bedside.[emergencymedicinecases.com]
  • . • Investigations add little in the initial workup • As viral croup is the commonest cause of UAO, attempts to identify other causes is also very important to confirm the diagnosis. 16.[slideshare.net]
T Wave Inversion
  • A 12-lead electrocardiogram showed widespread T-wave inversion and QT prolongation suggestive of an acute coronary syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • AP2, prior to FP treatment, was enriched with Streptococcus pneumoniae.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • However, the causes, evaluation, and appropriate treatment of this complication are not clearly defined.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We report on a prospective 3-center cohort study investigating this treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Treatment with appropriate respiratory medications resulted in increase in lung function, quality of life and exercise tolerance at 3rd month.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Distraction osteogenesis has emerged as a treatment modality for mandibular hypoplasia in this setting for the treatment of asymmetry and airway obstruction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • On multivariate analysis, PS before airway stenting was identified as possible predictor of prognosis after stenting (HR 1.6180, 95% CI 0.969 to 2.7015, p 0.066).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Laryngeal atresia is an extremely rare fetal anomaly with dismal prognosis. It is important to differentiate the condition from other lesions with a more favorable prognosis, such as congenital adenomatoid malformation of the lung.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • SUMMARY: Traditionally, difficulty in obtaining a patent airway at delivery was a major factor in the dismal prognosis of these pregnancies.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The prognosis of the affected infants is often poor. Five cases are reported here that were diagnosed in a tertiary center between 2008 and 2014. [Indexed for MEDLINE] Free full text[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This study aimed to determine the factors that influence prognosis of these patients. METHODS: This is a retrospective single institutional study. A total of 155 patients were included.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Etiology

  • Lower airway obstruction COPD, asthma, bronchiectasis, bronchomalacia, infectious etiologies (pneumonia, TB), foreign bodies, malignancies, etc.[emdocs.net]
  • The purpose of this retrospective review of a prospective database was to investigate etiologic factors related to the development of AAO due to postoperative hematoma after ACF and formulate appropriate prevention and treatment guidelines.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • .  Common etiologies of upper airway obstruction in adults include infection, inflammatory disorders, trauma, and extrinsic compression related to pathology of adjacent structures.  Definitive management depends on the underlying etiology and may include[slideshare.net]
  • ETIOLOGY • Passive smoking • Exposure to chemical, air pollution • Inhalation of smoke • Hereditary factors 59.[slideshare.net]
  • Etiology-specific treatment 1. Aspiration of Food or Foreign Body Use of the Heimlich maneuver in an individual who suddenly is unable to speak while eating (a so-called, “café coronary”) may relieve the obstruction. 2.[clinicaladvisor.com]

Epidemiology

  • KEYWORDS: COPD epidemiology; Clinical Epidemiology; Paediatric Lung Disaese[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Navbar Search Filter Mobile Microsite Search Term Article navigation 1 Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public HealthBaltimore, MD Search for other works by this author on: ALFREDO MORABIA 1 Department of Epidemiology[academic.oup.com]
  • This report highlights the epidemiology, presentation, complication and management of laryngoceles.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • KEYWORDS: Death rate; GOLD stages 1–4; epidemiology; follow-up study; mass chest x-ray[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • He has since completed further training in emergency medicine, clinical toxicology, clinical epidemiology and health professional education.[lifeinthefastlane.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Anatomic and physiologic small airway abnormalities may develop as part of the pathophysiologic process of asbestosis. We hypothesized that inhalation of asbestos may induce small airway defects in addition to asbestosis and pleural abnormalities.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • See Figure 2 for a comparison of what 1 mm of circumferential edema does in terms of airway resistance to an infant and an adult Pathophysiology Upper airway obstruction can occur for a variety of causes, but fundamentally, leads to increased airway resistance[learnpicu.com]
  • Palliative interventions for patients with chronic upper airway obstruction include: balloon dilatation airway stenting laser therapy electrocautery and argon plasma coagulation cryotherapy nocturnal, noninvasive, positive-pressure ventilation Pathophysiology[clinicaladvisor.com]

Prevention

  • Abstract The safety of high pressure source ventilation (jet ventilation) is dependent upon upper airway patency to facilitate adequate passive expiration and prevent increasing intrathoracic pressure and its associated deleterious sequelae.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Prompt recognition and management of IPA can reduce the risk of airway complications and may prevent the need of a surgical intervention.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Systematic evaluation and appropriate management can be helpful for preventing serious complications after development of a postoperative hematoma.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Prevention is highly emphasized here because once an airway becomes obstructed, we have a very short time to deal with this life threatening emergency. We work all the time with techniques and vigilence to prevent this.[erikrichmond.com]
  • Early anticipation of the complications leads to proper management of such critical and life threatening complications and prevention of hypoxia, hypercapnia, pneumothorax, and pulmonary edema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Ask Question

5000 Characters left Format the text using: # Heading, **bold**, _italic_. HTML code is not allowed.
By publishing this question you agree to the TOS and Privacy policy.
• Use a precise title for your question.
• Ask a specific question and provide age, sex, symptoms, type and duration of treatment.
• Respect your own and other people's privacy, never post full names or contact information.
• Inappropriate questions will be deleted.
• In urgent cases contact a physician, visit a hospital or call an emergency service!