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Alcohol Abuse


Presentation

  • The objective of this report was to present an unusual case of WD presenting with nonpersecutory delusional disorder and alcohol abuse in the absence of neurological signs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract Three cases of extradural abscess with delayed presentation after extradural analgesia have been reported previously.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • At the present state of neuroscientific knowledge, it is possible to go one step further in the logic that led to the integration of psychosocial and pharmacological approaches, by attempting to remove the shadows of social judgment that, at present,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Also presented are practice issues, characteristics of spouse enabling as they relate to disenabling intervention, and areas of possible application of the disenabling program.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Affected young people present medically with intoxication or its immediate consequences such as injury or self-harm. A significant number also suffer adverse psychosocial effects and longer-term adverse outcomes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Palpitations
  • Alcohol Withdrawal and Detox Six Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms Anxiety: Anxiety, restlessness, irritability, insomnia Head : Headaches, dizziness Chest : Chest tightness, difficulty breathing, palpitations GI : Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach aches[addictionsandrecovery.org]
  • The accumulation of acetaldehyde has such unpleasant effects (including facial flushing and heart palpitations) that most people who have inherited the ALDH2 variant are unable to consume large amounts of alcohol and therefore have a low risk of developing[cancer.gov]
  • This causes unpleasant effects such as sweating, headache, dyspnoea, flushing, sympathetic overactivity, palpitations, nausea and vomiting. Seizures, coma and death can occur. Patients should be educated about avoiding unintended sources of alcohol.[nps.org.au]
Blurred Vision
  • On the evening of the seventh day, after taking 10 doses of varenicline, the patient developed severe anxiety, nausea, vertigo, blurred vision, and dizziness.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Some of the symptoms include blurred vision, drowning, headache , intense moods, lack of co-ordination, slurred speech, nausea and vomiting.[omicsonline.org]
Flushing
  • This combination enables the body to flush out drugs and toxins lodged in the fatty tissues, the residues left behind by drug use and drinking.[narconon.org]
  • Physical dependence can also require detoxification, or detox, when alcohol is flushed out of the body. Medications can be prescribed to reduce withdrawal symptoms.[ulifeline.org]
  • The accumulation of acetaldehyde has such unpleasant effects (including facial flushing and heart palpitations) that most people who have inherited the ALDH2 variant are unable to consume large amounts of alcohol and therefore have a low risk of developing[cancer.gov]
  • This causes unpleasant effects such as sweating, headache, dyspnoea, flushing, sympathetic overactivity, palpitations, nausea and vomiting. Seizures, coma and death can occur. Patients should be educated about avoiding unintended sources of alcohol.[nps.org.au]
Facial Edema
  • According to “Dental Considerations for the Alcoholic Patient,” we should observe patients for: “alcohol smell on breath; rhinepyma (red, beefy nose); dilated blood vessels; facial edema, including baggy eyes, producing a bloated appearance; jaundiced[dentistryiq.com]
Seizure
  • […] your health, or led to a memory blackout Have to drink more than you used to for the effect you want Found that you had withdrawal symptoms when the buzz wore off, like trouble sleeping , shakiness, restlessness, nausea , sweating , a racing heart , a seizure[webmd.com]
  • In severe cases, you could have a fever, seizures, or hallucinations. If you have any of these symptoms, your drinking may already be a cause for concern. The more symptoms you have, the more serious the problem is.[medlineplus.gov]
  • Heavy drinkers may experience tremors, panic attacks, confusion, hallucinations, and seizures. People with alcohol problems often drink alone and say they use alcohol to help them sleep or deal with stress.[health.harvard.edu]
  • So what should people with seizures and epilepsy be aware of? Alcohol and Seizures: Some Facts In small amounts, alcohol does not cause seizures. A drink or two now and then does not increase seizure activity.[epilepsy.com]
  • You have withdrawal symptoms after you stop drinking for too long, like shakiness, nausea, trouble sleeping, or seizures. The more of these that describe you, the more severe your AUD is likely to be.[webmd.com]
Confusion
  • TEENS WHO DRINK INCREASE THEIR RISK OF: Developing an alcohol use disorder Learning and memory problems, including poor school performance Injury Sexual assault Death THE EFFECTS INCLUDE: Reduced inhibitions Slurred speech Motor impairment Confusion Memory[itmattersks.org]
  • These effects can include: Reduced inhibitions Slurred speech Motor impairment Confusion Memory problems Concentration problems Coma Breathing problems Death Other risks of drinking can include: Car crashes and other accidents Risky behavior Violent behavior[niaaa.nih.gov]
  • Others may drink to lessen feelings of guilt, loneliness, or confusion. What are the symptoms of alcoholism? Symptoms are different for each person.[my.clevelandclinic.org]
  • Heavy drinkers may experience tremors, panic attacks, confusion, hallucinations, and seizures. People with alcohol problems often drink alone and say they use alcohol to help them sleep or deal with stress.[health.harvard.edu]
  • See: Fetal alcohol syndrome Calling your health care provider Seek immediate medical care or call your local emergency number (such as 911) if: You or someone you know has alcohol dependence and develops severe confusion, seizures, or bleeding Prevention[web.archive.org]
Tremor
  • […] tension Used as a nightcap or to sleep; used to relieve physical discomfort Drinks alone Money is used for alcohol rather than paying bills Hides alcohol or fact of drinking Blackouts are profound and experienced often Drinks more than planned Morning tremors[innerwisdom.com]
  • […] cheek and nose; broken teeth or dentures, facial cuts and bruises; angular chelitis or other signs of poor nutrition and depression of the immune system; and chronic asymptomatic bilateral swelling of the parotid gland. (10) Other things to look for are tremors[dentistryiq.com]
  • Heavy drinkers may experience tremors, panic attacks, confusion, hallucinations, and seizures. People with alcohol problems often drink alone and say they use alcohol to help them sleep or deal with stress.[health.harvard.edu]
  • Alcohol withdrawal symptoms may include: anxiety depression restlessness irritability increased heart rate headache insomnia loss of appetite sweating tremor disorientation hallucination nightmares pupil dilation seizures Delirium tremens (DT) occurs[addictioncampuses.com]
  • A dependent drinker usually experiences physical and psychological withdrawal symptoms if they suddenly cut down or stop drinking, including: hand tremors – "the shakes" sweating seeing things that aren't real (visual hallucinations ) depression anxiety[nhs.uk]
Slurred Speech
  • TEENS WHO DRINK INCREASE THEIR RISK OF: Developing an alcohol use disorder Learning and memory problems, including poor school performance Injury Sexual assault Death THE EFFECTS INCLUDE: Reduced inhibitions Slurred speech Motor impairment Confusion Memory[itmattersks.org]
  • These effects can include: Reduced inhibitions Slurred speech Motor impairment Confusion Memory problems Concentration problems Coma Breathing problems Death Other risks of drinking can include: Car crashes and other accidents Risky behavior Violent behavior[niaaa.nih.gov]
  • A low dose of alcohol may cause a relaxing effect, whereas a medium dose may cause slurred speech, and a high dose of alcohol may produce breathing difficulties.[addictioncampuses.com]
  • A high concentration of alcohol in the blood causes symptoms, such as: slurred speech slowing of reflexes a decreased ability to control bodily movements difficulty concentrating gaps in memory, or brownouts poor decision-making abilities risky behavior[healthline.com]
Hand Tremor
  • A dependent drinker usually experiences physical and psychological withdrawal symptoms if they suddenly cut down or stop drinking, including: hand tremors – "the shakes" sweating seeing things that aren't real (visual hallucinations ) depression anxiety[nhs.uk]
  • Withdrawal symptoms can be physical and psychological Physical alcohol withdrawal symptoms include: hand tremors (‘the shakes’) sweating nausea visual hallucinations (seeing things that are not actually real) seizures (fits) in the most serious cases[drinkaware.co.uk]

Treatment

  • Army-specific barriers to AUD treatment include treatment being recorded on health records, command being notified of participation, and perceptions that seeking treatment would interfere with promotion or retention in the military.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract Effective treatment of the alcohol-abusing borderline patient involves knowledge of two pathological processes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • KEYWORDS: Methadone maintenance treatment; adherence; alcohol; club drugs; dropout[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Stratified analyses revealed larger effects for individual treatment (Hedges g -0.75; 95% CI, -1.05 to -0.40) compared with family-based treatments (Hedges g -0.46; 95% CI, -0.66 to -0.26).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Among the various dichotomies that limit an effective approach to the problem of alcohol use disorder treatment, one of the most prominent is integrated treatment versus harm reduction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • High expression of valosin-containing protein predicts poor prognosis in patients with breast carcinoma . Tumour Biol. 36 , 9919–9927 (2015) 48. Yamamoto, S. et al.[nature.com]
  • See also: Alcoholism - support group Expectations (prognosis) How well a person with alcoholism or alcohol abuse does depends on whether or not they can stop drinking. Alcoholism is a major social, economic, and public health problem.[web.archive.org]
  • Groups The following organizations may offer assistance: National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependency -- www.ncadd.org National Drug and Alcohol Treatment Referral Routing Service -- 1-800-662-4357 See also: Alcoholism - support group Expectations (prognosis[web.archive.org]
  • The prognosis of out-patient alcohol treatment among parents with childcare responsibility . BJPsych Open, Vol. 4, Issue. 6, p. 471. CrossRef Google Scholar Windle, Michael and Windle, Rebecca C. 2018.[doi.org]

Etiology

  • BACKGROUND: Alcohol is one of the etiological factors of chronic pancreatitis and there is evidence that acute pancreatitis is the first episode of preexisting chronic pancreatitis and is sometimes not evident from a clinical point of view.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The etiology of escalating problems with alcohol can be traced, in part, to a relative absence of parent supervision during a time when peer interactions assume special significance. Copyright 2015 by the American Academy of Pediatrics.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Epidemiology

  • These findings are discussed with respect to their implications for prevention policies and the need to integrate epidemiological and intervention research.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We describe the epidemiology of alcohol abuse among foreign-born immigrants versus Spanish natives. We carried out a cross-sectional study that uses data from the European Survey of Health on the General Population of Spain of 2009.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • METHODS: Study participants (n 674, age 22-35 years in 2009) belong to the French TEMPO cohort study; their parents also participate in an epidemiological study-the GAZEL cohort.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract ABSTRACT: Datu,from 27,616 c’urrml andfortner drinkers intentiewed in the 1992 Narionul Longitudinal Alcohol Epidemiologic Survey were used to exuminr the rela-tionship between age af,first LLSP of ulwhol and the preL ulettce of lifetime alcohol[citeseerx.ist.psu.edu]
  • DESIGN AND METHODS: The sample consisted of participants from the 2001-2002 National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • OBJECTIVE: To report on a case of acute renal failure (ARF) induced by rhabdomyolysis due to strenuous exercise and alcohol abuse and to describe the pathophysiology of this type of ARF.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Pathophysiologically, ARDS is characterized by diffuse alveolar damage, increased pulmonary alveolar-capillary permeability, and the subsequent accumulation of extravascular lung water.[clinicaltrials.gov]

Prevention

  • Abstract The current study explores community perspectives on alcohol abuse prevention strategies in rural Kenya.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Explain why population-based prevention programs are important help control these problems. Describe prevention-minded approaches relevant to the practicing psychiatrist.[healio.com]
  • Prevention of alcohol use should be considered in setting up of the national Suicide attempt prevention program.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Awareness campaigns are aimed at: preventing young people from drinking before they turn 18 preventing harmful alcohol consumption preventing people from becoming psychologically or physically dependant on alcohol reducing harm caused by alcohol abuse[government.nl]

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