Edit concept Question Editor Create issue ticket

Alpha-Hemolytic Streptococcus

Alpha Hemolytic Streptococcus


Presentation

  • The present case showed that group G alpha-hemolytic S. dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis can be associated with serious invasive infection and poststreptococcal sequelae.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Some species that can cause infection are also present in some healthy people but cause no symptoms. These people are called carriers.[netdoctor.co.uk]
  • Four cases of iatrogenic meningitis caused by viridans streptococci and a review of the literature are presented here. Observations and a case control study implicated a single anesthesiologist as the source.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • S. pneumoniae possesses an autolytic enzyme that breaks down its own cell wall during division when bile salt is present.[austincc.edu]
  • PDT, Wednesday Oct. 7th with the exception of research findings presented at the ID Week press conferences.[idsa.confex.com]
Papule
  • Smear Slide of Vaginal Secretions 1201 Using a Microscope 1203 Anatomy of the Pelvis Pelvic Types Evaluation of the Bony Pelvis and Clinical Pelvimetry 1205 Breast Massage Manual Expression and Nipple Rolling 1217 Injection of Intradermal Sterile Water Papules[books.google.de]
Costovertebral Angle Tenderness
  • Angle Tenderness 1161 Checking for Deep Tendon Reflexes and Clonus 1163 Pelvic Examination 1169 Obtaining a Specimen for Papanicolaou Pap Diagnostic Evaluation 1195 Obtaining a Specimen for Gonococcal GC and Chlamydia Diagnostic Testing 1199 Making a[books.google.de]
Low Back Pain
  • Back Pain in Labor 1219 Inserting an Intrauterine Pressure Catheter Amnioinfusion 1223 Attaching a Fetal Scalp Electrode 1227 Perineal Prep Cleaning 1231 Second Stage Pushing 1233 Pudendal Block 1235 Local Infiltration 1239 Hand Maneuvers for Birth with[books.google.de]
Back Pain
  • Pain in Labor 1219 Inserting an Intrauterine Pressure Catheter Amnioinfusion 1223 Attaching a Fetal Scalp Electrode 1227 Perineal Prep Cleaning 1231 Second Stage Pushing 1233 Pudendal Block 1235 Local Infiltration 1239 Hand Maneuvers for Birth with the[books.google.de]
Clonus
  • Catheter 1121 Giving Intravenous Medications 1125 SpinDown Hematocrit 1127 Removal of Norplant 1131 Breast Examination 1135 Obstetric Abdominal Examination 1147 Checking for Costovertebral Angle Tenderness 1161 Checking for Deep Tendon Reflexes and Clonus[books.google.de]
Burning Sensation
  • Symptoms of urinary tract infection include fever, pain, and a burning sensation during urination. Women with chorioamnionitis often do not show symptoms of infection until after childbirth. Symptoms include fever, belly pain, and rapid pulse.[humanillnesses.com]

Workup

Gram-Positive Bacteria
  • BACKGROUND: Infections caused by antibiotics-resistant Gram-positive bacteria have been reported from many pediatric hematology-oncology centers.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Group A beta-hemolytic streptococci (GABHS) are gram-positive bacteria that grow in culture as pairs or chains of variable length.[pedsinreview.aappublications.org]
  • Definition (NCI) A genus of Gram-positive bacteria in the phylum Firmicutes and the lactic acid bacteria group. Definition (MSH) A genus of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria whose organisms occur in pairs or chains. No endospores are produced.[fpnotebook.com]
Gram-Positive Coccus
  • - Discussion: - gram positive coccus - spetrum of streptococci pyogenes infections: - most common cause of celluitis and lymphangitis; - superficial form of infection is called impetigo which affects stratum corneum; - ecthyma contagiosum describes shallow[wheelessonline.com]
  • Microbiological characteristics Streptococcus pneumoniae is a gram-positive coccus. Usually they are found in pairs of cocci, or diplococci, but they may also occur in short chains or singly.[web.uconn.edu]
  • Autolysis is common when aging occurs; the central colonies gram positive coccus. The cells are lancet shaped, colonies are large ,This organism is an encapsulated Pathogenesis activate alternate complement pathway cells to the focus of infection.[forums.prohealth.com]
Chlamydia
  • Examination 1147 Checking for Costovertebral Angle Tenderness 1161 Checking for Deep Tendon Reflexes and Clonus 1163 Pelvic Examination 1169 Obtaining a Specimen for Papanicolaou Pap Diagnostic Evaluation 1195 Obtaining a Specimen for Gonococcal GC and Chlamydia[books.google.de]
  • Pneumonia is a disease of the lung that is caused by a variety of bacteria including Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, Pseudomonas, Haemophilus, Chlamydia and Mycoplasma, several viruses, and certain fungi and protozoans.[textbookofbacteriology.net]

Treatment

  • Alternative treatment Alternative treatment focuses on easing the symptoms of strep throat through herbs and botanical medicines.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • Famciclovir for the treatment of acute herpes zoster: effects on acute disease and postherpetic neuralgia: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. ‏[books.google.com]
  • Minor infections may not require treatment or may be treated with antibiotics. Invasive infections usually result in a hospital stay. Severe invasive infections may require intensive treatment with intravenous antibiotics for 7-10 days.[yourgenome.org]
  • What is the usual treatment of Streptococcal infections? If treatment is required it is usually in the form of antibiotics – typically penicillin-based.[netdoctor.co.uk]
  • Doctors may perform a culture on a sample from the patient to determine the strain of streptococcus bacteria and the most appropriate treatment.[livestrong.com]

Prognosis

  • Prognosis Patients with strep throat begin feeling better about 24 hours after starting antibiotics. Symptoms rarely last longer than five days. People remain contagious until after they have been taking antibiotics for 24 hours.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

Etiology

  • Abstract After introduction of selective decontamination of the digestive tract (SDD), a change toward an increase of infections by Staphylococcus epidermidis and alpha-hemolytic Streptococci has been noticed in the predominant etiology of infections[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Objective of this study is to analyze the bacteriological etiology of complicated appendicitis in pediatric population.[idsa.confex.com]
  • […] pyogenes, but all beta hemolytic streptococci and a few non - beta hemolytic streptococci ( S. dysgalactiae ) Lancefield Group A Streptococci (GAS) S. pyogenes Lancefield Group B Streptococci (GBS) S. agalactiae "pneumococcus" Streptococcus pneumoniae Etiology[pathologyoutlines.com]
  • It is an important etiological agent of upper and lower respiratory tract infections (URTI and LRTI) , bacteremia and septicemia. Streptococcus pneumoniae is also associated with otitis media, sinusitis, meningitis and endocarditis.[microbeonline.com]

Epidemiology

  • […] and CMV, and less commonly due to streptococci; other agents causing ST include diphtheria, tularemia, toxoplasmosis, brucellosis, salmonellosis, TB; true ST has a 2-4 day incubation, dysphagia, headache, malaise, fever, anorexia, N&V, abdominal pain Epidemiology[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • We review the epidemiological factors that increase risk of infection and the clinical manifestations and management of this emerging infectious disease.[academic.oup.com]
  • Epidemiology S. pneumoniae most commonly inflicts children, the elderly, and other people with weakened immune systems.[web.uconn.edu]
  • Enterococci: biologic and epidemiologic characteristics and in vitro susceptibility. Arch. Intern. Med. 142 :2006–2009. PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar Klein, R. S., R. A. Recco, M. T. Catalano, S. C. Edberg, J. I. Casey, and N. H. Steigbigel. 1977.[link.springer.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Prevention

  • Prevention There is no way to prevent getting a strep throat.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • Streptococcus Pneumoniae Disease. 03 September 2008. . 04 December 2009. 2 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Pneumonia Can Be Prevented. 01 December 2009. 07 December 2009. 3 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.[austincc.edu]
  • Prevention Most newborn cases can be prevented by testing women in the thirty-fifth to thirty-seventh week of pregnancy for the bacteria. A culture of fluid from the vagina and rectum * can determine whether a woman has GBS.[humanillnesses.com]
  • How can streptococcal infections be prevented? Fortunately, most infections caused by streptococcal bacteria can be prevented or reduced in most cases by ensuring high standards of personal hygiene such as thorough handwashing.[netdoctor.co.uk]
  • […] edema; - before antibiotics were available this was a surgical emergency mandating immediate amputation to prevent streptococcal septicemia and death; - references: - Group A Streptococcal (GAS) Disease - Musculoskeletal complications of varicella. -[wheelessonline.com]

Ask Question

5000 Characters left Format the text using: # Heading, **bold**, _italic_. HTML code is not allowed.
By publishing this question you agree to the TOS and Privacy policy.
• Use a precise title for your question.
• Ask a specific question and provide age, sex, symptoms, type and duration of treatment.
• Respect your own and other people's privacy, never post full names or contact information.
• Inappropriate questions will be deleted.
• In urgent cases contact a physician, visit a hospital or call an emergency service!