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Amanita Muscaria


Presentation

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  • Unfortunately, this information reached me only after the present article had been set in pages.[doi.org]
  • Abstract Hypothesis have been made that relatively high level of mannitol present in the tissues of fly agaric (Amanita muscaria) enables more efficient transportation of these active substances into the brain and thus enhance their total activity.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Gastric Lavage
  • Quick identification of the poison, early use of gastric lavage and symptomatic treatment resulted in regression of symptoms and lead to the patient's discharge from the hospital on the third day after intoxication.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Also, they argue that the gastric lavage the patient received “probably” was responsible for the good outcome and quick recovery. There is absolutely nothing in the case description or in the medical literature that would back up this claim.[thepoisonreview.com]
  • Gastric lavage should not be employed routinely, if ever, in the management of poisoned patients. In experimental studies, the amount of marker removed by gastric lavage was highly variable and diminished with time.[doi.org]
  • . • Emergent treatment, depending on time-factor, consists of gastric decontamination, gastric lavage, activated charcoal, benzodiazepines for control of agitation, hyperactivity and seizures. Availability Wild-crafted. Tinctures, creams.[stuartxchange.org]
Fever
  • Antipyretic (fever reducer), hallucinogenic, insecticide, sweating, tuberculosis (intestinal). Dosing Adults (18 years and older) Safety, efficacy, and dosing have not been systematically studied.[naturesfoodpatch.com]
  • A very few severe reactions, including fevers and deaths, have been reported in contexts of psilocybin poisoning of small children; "grazing" accidents by toddlers should be treated in a hospital.[web.archive.org]
  • Pasteur was, of course, the French scientist who managed to keep lots of folks from dying in various horrible ways, by creating the process of pasteurization that prevented formerly widespread milk fevers (typhoid and scarlet fever, septic sore throat[bayareamushrooms.org]
Nausea
  • ., Amanita Muscaria are poisonous mushrooms that can cause symptoms from nausea and discomfort to liver or kidney damage.[valleyrecord.com]
  • Origin: USA, NC Distribution: Throughout NC Poison Part: Mushroom Poison Delivery Mode: Ingestion Symptoms: Patient appears to be intoxicated, hallucinations, drowsiness, vomiting, nausea, stomach pains, diarrhea, muscle spasms, hypotension, agitation[plants.ces.ncsu.edu]
  • ./ However, oral ingestion is known to cause extreme nausea. Some people – to lessen the nausea caused – brew a tee from the mushroom and drink that.[simonsblogpark.com]
  • An advocate of amanita mascara who lives in Europe suggests that the nausea that accompanies the ingestion of the mushrooms is easy to counter with cannabis. Of course, this individual was living in a part of Europe where cannabis is not illegal.[streetdirectory.com]
  • The symptoms of A. muscaria poisoning include nausea and vomiting, somnolence, dizziness, hallucinations, dysphoria, delirium, ataxia, myoclonic movements, and seizures.[acepnow.com]
Vomiting
  • Vomiting was rare. Seizures or myoclonic twitching occurred in 4/9 patients, but was controlled with standard anticonvulsant therapy. No other anticholinergic or cholinergic signs were prominent. Recovery was rapid and complete in all patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The vomiting itself feels – well – cleansing? The funny thing is I never vomit much on ayahuasca, but that is what it reminds me of most. I feel relieved. The fresh air brings me back to earth.[azarius.pt]
Diarrhea
  • Origin: USA, NC Distribution: Throughout NC Poison Part: Mushroom Poison Delivery Mode: Ingestion Symptoms: Patient appears to be intoxicated, hallucinations, drowsiness, vomiting, nausea, stomach pains, diarrhea, muscle spasms, hypotension, agitation[plants.ces.ncsu.edu]
  • Nausea, vomiting and diarrhea occurs, as well as uncertain gait and muscle contractions, which are in some reports falsely described as cramps.[psychotropicon.info]
  • Second stage is a period of about 24 hours characterized by violent vomiting, bloody diarrhea, and severe abdominal cramps.[namyco.org]
  • […] affiliations ) View suggested citation Altmetric: Citations: Views: Views equals page views plus PDF downloads In October, 2018, a middle-aged ethnic Karen* man from Burma was evaluated at a hospital emergency department with altered mental status, vomiting, diarrhea[cdc.gov]
Food Poisoning
  • Poison. Hallucinogen. As food, fly agaric does need special handling. Apparently most people eat only the caps or the very young buttons. They must be boiled in a large volume of water for a period of time, and then you need to toss out that water.[honest-food.net]
  • Food Poisoning. University of Chicago Press, Chicago. Google Scholar Jordan, P., and S. Wheeler. 1995. The Ultimate Mushroom Book. Smithmark, New York. Google Scholar Kauffman, C. H. 1918. The Agaricaceae of Michigan.[doi.org]
Abdominal Cramps
  • Second stage is a period of about 24 hours characterized by violent vomiting, bloody diarrhea, and severe abdominal cramps.[web.archive.org]
Hypersalivation
  • Manifestations of A muscaria poisoning include: weakness, altered mental status, dizziness, somnolence, coma, hypersalivation, and hallucinations. Onset is within 30-120 min of ingestion with symptoms typically lasting for 8-12 hours.[thepoisonreview.com]
Tachycardia
  • Other antycholinergic symptoms like tachycardia and increased blood pressure, mydriasis, dry and red skin were seen only in a few cases. Acute respiratory failure was the most dangerous symptom observed in the course of poisoning.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Physical examination revealed tachycardia (pulse 127/min) along with mitosis and warm, dry skin. He subsequently developed seizure activity and increased oropharyngeal and respiratory secretions.[thepoisonreview.com]
  • The symptoms are tachycardia (racing heart) and palpitations, tingling arms and legs, warmth and flushing, and sometimes headache, heavy limbs, salivation.[web.archive.org]
Hypotension
  • Origin: USA, NC Distribution: Throughout NC Poison Part: Mushroom Poison Delivery Mode: Ingestion Symptoms: Patient appears to be intoxicated, hallucinations, drowsiness, vomiting, nausea, stomach pains, diarrhea, muscle spasms, hypotension, agitation[plants.ces.ncsu.edu]
  • No patients experienced hypotension, seizures, acute kidney injury, or hepatotoxicity. No deaths were reported.[doi.org]
Flushing
  • A second reason to consider eating fly agaric is because it is a large mushroom that, as I saw on the Central Coast, can flush in huge numbers.[honest-food.net]
  • Skin may be warm and flushed. Fly agaric toxicity is characterized by nausea, heavy vomiting, and severe diarrhea.[naturesfoodpatch.com]
Increased Sweating
  • These effects range from twitching to drowsiness, lowered blood pressure, increased sweat and saliva, visual distortions, mood changes, euphoria, relaxation, and hallucinations.[shamanicjourney.com]
Hysteria
  • Symptoms occurred between 30-180 min with the onset of central nervous system depression, ataxia, waxing and waning obtundation, hallucinations, intermittent hysteria or hyperkinetic behavior. Vomiting was rare.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Symptoms occurred between 30–180 min with the onset of central nervous system depression, ataxia, waxing and waning obtundation, hallucinations, intermittent hysteria or hyperkinetic behavior. Vomiting was rare.[doi.org]
  • Patients may exhibit ataxia, auditory and visual hallucinations (described as sliding vision and “the ability to see through walls”), as well as hysteria.[web.archive.org]
Confusion
  • KEYWORDS: Agitation; Amanita muscaria; Amanita pantherina; Coma; Confusion; Poisoning[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • For this reason, poisonings with A. muscaria present with more confusion and agitation compared to A. pantherina poisonings, which most commonly present with comatose symptoms.[iceers.org]
  • Ten hours after ingestion, he awoke and was completely orientated; 18 hours after ingestion his condition deteriorated again and he became confused and uncooperative.[doi.org]
  • Could be confused with: the blusher ( Amanita rubescens ), the cap is a pale reddish-brown colour and the spots are cream-coloured but it has a similar shape. Where and when to spot fly agaric When: from later summer, through to early winter.[woodlandtrust.org.uk]
Seizure
  • Seizures or myoclonic twitching occurred in 4/9 patients, but was controlled with standard anticonvulsant therapy. No other anticholinergic or cholinergic signs were prominent. Recovery was rapid and complete in all patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] for control of agitation, hyperactivity and seizures.[stuartxchange.org]
Ataxia
  • Symptoms occurred between 30-180 min with the onset of central nervous system depression, ataxia, waxing and waning obtundation, hallucinations, intermittent hysteria or hyperkinetic behavior. Vomiting was rare.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Symptoms occurred between 30–180 min with the onset of central nervous system depression, ataxia, waxing and waning obtundation, hallucinations, intermittent hysteria or hyperkinetic behavior. Vomiting was rare.[doi.org]
  • The symptoms of A. muscaria poisoning include nausea and vomiting, somnolence, dizziness, hallucinations, dysphoria, delirium, ataxia, myoclonic movements, and seizures.[acepnow.com]
  • . • A fatal outcomes have been reported from ingestion of 6-10 freeze-dried muscaria caps. ( 6 ) • Toxicity effects range are wide ranging: nausea, drowsiness, low blood pressure, sweating, salivation, euphoria, ataxia, visual and auditory distortions[stuartxchange.org]
  • Known side-effects are excessive salivation, ataxia and mild cases of increased transpiration. Amanita Muscaria induces - just like magic mushrooms - an unpredictable high, sometimes mind boggling, and should only be ingested by experienced users.[zamnesia.com]
Agitation
  • KEYWORDS: Agitation; Amanita muscaria; Amanita pantherina; Coma; Confusion; Poisoning[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] for control of agitation, hyperactivity and seizures.[stuartxchange.org]
  • Origin: USA, NC Distribution: Throughout NC Poison Part: Mushroom Poison Delivery Mode: Ingestion Symptoms: Patient appears to be intoxicated, hallucinations, drowsiness, vomiting, nausea, stomach pains, diarrhea, muscle spasms, hypotension, agitation[plants.ces.ncsu.edu]
  • They key to treating these patients is good supportive care with benzodiazepines as needed for agitation. Posted in Medical by Leon Gussow[thepoisonreview.com]
Headache
  • They can also cause hallucinations and illusions, slurred speech, seizure, severe nausea and vomiting, coma like sleep and persistent headaches. Muscimol has effects in quantities of 6mg while ibotenic acid has effects when 30-60mg is consumed.[en.citizendium.org]
  • Some say it’s like being mildly drunk, others describe complete obliteration of the self and terrifying out-of-body experiences, others report seizure-like muscle contractions, and still others say it doesn’t do anything but give rise to a headache.[blog.crazyaboutmushrooms.com]
  • The symptoms are tachycardia (racing heart) and palpitations, tingling arms and legs, warmth and flushing, and sometimes headache, heavy limbs, salivation.[web.archive.org]
  • However, pharmacologists are now claiming that psychedelic drugs such as LSD and psilocybin could be beneficial in the treatment of conditions such as anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder and rare forms of multiple headaches known as cluster headaches[eic.rsc.org]

Treatment

  • Quick identification of the poison, early use of gastric lavage and symptomatic treatment resulted in regression of symptoms and lead to the patient's discharge from the hospital on the third day after intoxication.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Initial treatment consists of gastric decontamination. If the delay between ingestion and treatment is less than four hours, activated charcoal is given.[psychology.wikia.org]
  • . - Used in the treatment of night sweats of phthisis. - Used by shamans for spiritual and physical healing. - Reported use for analgesia, sore throat, cancer, arthritis.[stuartxchange.org]
  • Clinical Management Most patients who ingest these mushrooms require no treatment other than observation. In recent, accidental ingestions, activated charcoal may be administered, although the efficacy of this treatment is unknown.[allaboutheaven.org]
  • If the delay between ingestion and treatment is less than four hours, activated charcoal is given.[en.wikipedia.org]

Prognosis

  • The treatment is only symptomatic, and the prognosis is usually good.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • [Article in Polish] Tupalska-Wilczyńska K1, Ignatowicz R, Poziemski A, Wójcik H, Wilczyński G. 1Oddziału Dzieciecego Szpitala Rejonowego w Mińsku Mazowieckim. “ The treatment is only symptomatic, and the prognosis is usually good ”.[allaboutheaven.org]
  • […] may develop loss of consciousness or coma, and may necessitate intubation and artificial ventilation. [6] [41] Hemodialysis can remove the toxins, although this intervention is generally considered unnecessary. [20] With modern medical treatment the prognosis[psychology.wikia.org]
  • […] cases may develop loss of consciousness or coma, and may need intubation and artificial ventilation. [45] [81] Hemodialysis can remove the toxins, although this intervention is generally considered unnecessary. [58] With modern medical treatment the prognosis[en.wikipedia.org]

Epidemiology

  • Corresponding author: Joanne Taylor, okp2@cdc.gov, 651-201-5193. 1 Epidemic Intelligence Service, CDC; 2 Infectious Diseases, Epidemiology, Prevention and Control Division, Minnesota Department of Health; 3 Career Epidemiology Field Office Program, Office[cdc.gov]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Institute of Pathophysiology, School of Medicine, and Clinical Department of Cardiology University Medical Center Ljubljana Ljubljana Slovenia[doi.org]

Prevention

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  • This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. Actual product packaging and materials may contain more and different information than what is shown on our website.[walmart.com]
  • Corresponding author: Joanne Taylor, okp2@cdc.gov, 651-201-5193. 1 Epidemic Intelligence Service, CDC; 2 Infectious Diseases, Epidemiology, Prevention and Control Division, Minnesota Department of Health; 3 Career Epidemiology Field Office Program, Office[cdc.gov]
  • Poison Information Monographs International Chemical Safety Cards Environmental Health Criteria IARC Summaries Pesticide Data Sheets Antidote Evaluations Visit the CCOHS website to subscribe to: The CHEMINFO database Visit the IPCS website on Poisoning Prevention[intox.org]
  • I wrote this trip report in order to prevent anyone from making the same mistakes I did. For anyone who wants to experiment with amanita muscaria, be very careful in terms of dosage.[dmt-nexus.me]

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