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Amniotic Band

Annular Bands


  • : This case report presents a rare and atypical presentation of intrauterine demise valuable for an emergency physician to recognize while performing or reviewing pelvic ultrasounds.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Follow-up over a 6-year period enables us to provide a favorable outlook with regard to functional use of the extremity and absence of chronic lymphedema, but she does have a significant limb length discrepancy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Mild to moderate damage initiates an embryonic repair process and yields variable amounts of circumferential stricture with or without resultant distal lymphedema.[musculoskeletalkey.com]
  • His three fingers are small, with abnormal finger nails, and missing some joints, there is also some lymphedema (swelling at the joint) of the index finger middle joint.[amnioticbandsyndrome.com]
  • Early surgical intervention is necessary to prevent progressive lymphedema. Patients treated late in the course of the syndrome often heal very slowly with secondary eczematous skin changes to distal parts.[podiatrynetwork.com]
  • […] wall defects rib clefting congenital scoliosis ambiguous genitalia imperforate anus Extremity entrapment Limb defects tend to be the commonest 7 : variable levels of limb amputation variable levels of limb constriction, with possible distal atrophy lymphedema[radiopaedia.org]
Finger Pain
  • Latest Posts Bio 8 Effective Tips To Relieve Finger Pain During Pregnancy - November 23, 2015 Top 5 Camel Crafts For Preschoolers And Young Kids - November 23, 2015 4 Interesting Winter Craft Ideas For Your Toddler - January 21, 2015 7 Simple Tips To[momjunction.com]
  • We describe a case in which the early antepartum diagnosis of vasa previa was made in an asymptomatic patient by means of color Doppler ultrasonography.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • There was no evidence of macrostomia and all anthropomorphic measurements were symmetrical. No bony clefts were seen on gross examination. Histologically, there was no evidence of scar formation at the site of the cleft repair.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Fetal ultrasound performed at 13 and 17 weeks of gestation suggested occipital encephalocele. However, the fetal MRI done at 17 weeks of gestation showed exencephaly and suggested amniotic bands as the cause.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Here is how ABS is treated and managed in pregnancy: In cases, the band is touching the baby anywhere and not causing any injury, surgery is not suggested in those cases.[momjunction.com]
  • Following consolidation and removal of the distraction devices, the child was markedly improved despite what appeared to be a pathologic fracture in the region of the mandibular angle. Repeat distraction was planned.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • There are several different types of surgery that could be used: Distraction Augmentation Manoplasty – The technique pioneered by Dr. Norman Cowen “grows” up to one inch of bone per month to create palms and lengthen fingers.[rainbowkids.com]
  • Surgeons can address a short digit or digits with a distraction osteotomy depending on the severity. In severe cases, amputation may be necessary.[podiatrytoday.com]
  • Growing Hands -Distraction Augmentation Manoplasty – The technique pioneered by Dr. Cowen “grows” up to one inch of bone per month to create palms and lengthen fingers.[amnioticbandsyndrome.com]


  • In the absence of trauma, one could very easily mislead the parents into a workup for onychomycosis and possibly even a treatment that would be unnecessary.[podiatrytoday.com]


  • Michael Harrison, the Fetal Treatment Center was the first institution to develop fetal surgery techniques. The first open fetal surgery in the world was performed at UCSF over 2 decades ago.[web.archive.org]
  • Treatment for amniotic band syndrome Treatment for ABS depends on the severity of the symptoms. Most cases are relatively mild, have an excellent prognosis, and do not require treatment.[summerlinfootandankle.com]
  • In-utero treatment of ABS has recently become an option when the risk to the mother and baby are minimized. It is the first time surgical treatment has been performed in utero for a non-life threatening birth defect.[fetalhealthfoundation.org]
  • Treatments – Before Birth Amniotic Band Resection Treatment for ABS depends on the extent and location of the bands.[women.texaschildrens.org]
  • […] counseling and help plan a course of treatment.[gillettechildrens.org]


  • Based on future research studies, we hope that we can use this classification system as a prognosis fetal factor to establish a more accurate fetal prognosis and recurrence probability.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • (Outcomes/Resolutions) The prognosis depends on the severity of the findings. In minor cases, the prognosis of Amniotic Band Syndrome is excellent.[dovemed.com]
  • Prognosis: Prognosis and treatment depends on the nature of amniotic band syndrome and the severity of deformation. Facial deformities often require extensive reconstructive procedures. Body stalk anomaly is lethal.[fetalmedicine.org]


  • This paper reviews the different etiological hypotheses and the classification problems for the amniotic band diseases.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • If the amniotic bands are swallowed while still partially attached to the placenta, the tether may lead to bizarre facial clefts and palate deficiencies. [10] Etiology Two main lines of thought exist regarding the etiology of ABS, attributing the condition[emedicine.com]
  • Early amnion rupture with entanglement of fetal parts by amniotic strands is the primary etiology. The management is early recognition and release to improve function and development. Dr.[podiatrytoday.com]


  • This study collected epidemiological data from 1976 to 1998. There were 73 cases with ARS and 11 with BWC.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Epidemiologic analysis of maternal factors and amniotic band defects. Birth Def Res (Part A). 2003;67:68-72 Hunter AG. A pilot study of the possible role of familial defects in anticoagulation as a cause for terminal limb reduction malformations.[rarediseases.org]
  • Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 1993;7(4):395-403. Narang M, Nidhi, Danewa A. Streeter’s Dysplasia. Journal of Case Reports 2011;1(1):16-17.[dx.doi.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution


  • Pathophysiology The developing embryo sits within two cavities, the amnion and the chorion.[emedicine.com]
  • Pathophysiology and treatment". The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine. 66 (3): 143–55. PMC 2588858. PMID 8209551.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • This study was supported by a grant from Health and Labour Sciences Research Grants: Comprehensive Research on Cardiovascular Diseases, no. 17160501 in Japan, which was entitled ‘Cohort study for concept, pathophysiology, establishment of diagnostic criteria[nature.com]


  • Furthermore, lysis of a restriction band in utero can prevent the progression of this facial deformity, leading to normal development of the face.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The goal of fetal intervention is to release the constriction caused by the amniotic bands to prevent further damage.[women.texaschildrens.org]
  • The cause of the amnion tearing is often unknown and there are no preventative measures a mother-to-be can take to prevent its occurrence. Resources for this article include the University of California San Francisco Fetal Treatment Center[emaxhealth.com]
  • Preventing misdiagnosis in amniotic band sequence: a case report. Autopsy and Case Reports, 3 (1), 15-22.[revistas.usp.br]
  • Currently, there are no definitive methods available to prevent Amniotic Band Syndrome Prenatal monitoring using fetal ultrasound may help detect the condition early.[dovemed.com]

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