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Anorexia

Anorexias


Presentation

  • In this report, we describe an adolescent female exposed to unknown illicit substances and sexual abuse who presented with psychosis, anorexia, seizures, and ataxia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We report a case of a 65-year-old man with adrenal insufficiency due to pituitary apoplexy presenting with anorexia following temporal headache and diagnosed through evaluation for hyponatraemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • She eventually presented with severe malnutrition and acute bowel obstruction, revealing a mass of the transverse colon. A well-differentiated Lieberkühn adenocarcinoma was established by histology.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • She re-presented 19 days postpartum, with fever and abdominal pain. Imaging revealed multiple abdominal collections and large degenerating fibroids.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In the first part of this paper we present a case study from our hospital clinical activity. Our framework combines clinical psychoanalytic sessions and perinatal videos.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Weight Loss
  • Works on a psychiatric disorder manifested by severe weight loss and extreme aversion to food are entered under [Anorexia nervosa.][id.loc.gov]
  • We report the case of a 15-year-old female patient suffering from progressive anorexia, weight loss and recurrent abdominal pain, initially diagnosed as anorexia nervosa.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Overall, there is an indication that weight loss is of primary importance and it begins to take precedence over other important life roles and responsibilities.[eatingdisorder.org]
  • WARNING SIGNS & SYMPTOMS OF ANOREXIA NERVOSA Emotional and behavioral Dramatic weight loss Dresses in layers to hide weight loss or stay warm Is preoccupied with weight, food, calories, fat grams, and dieting Refuses to eat certain foods, progressing[nationaleatingdisorders.org]
Recurrent Abdominal Pain
  • We report the case of a 15-year-old female patient suffering from progressive anorexia, weight loss and recurrent abdominal pain, initially diagnosed as anorexia nervosa.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Dysgeusia
  • KEYWORDS: Anorexia; Dysgeusia; History of neurology; Palaeopathology; St. Catherine of Siena[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Altered Mental Status
  • This case emphasizes that inborn errors of metabolism should be part of the differential diagnosis for a teenager presenting with altered mental status, especially when the diagnosis is challenging or neurologic symptoms are unexplained.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Temporal Headache
  • We report a case of a 65-year-old man with adrenal insufficiency due to pituitary apoplexy presenting with anorexia following temporal headache and diagnosed through evaluation for hyponatraemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Workup

  • The patient's diagnosis was delayed until a metabolic workup was initiated, revealing hyperhomocysteinemia, low normal plasma methionine, and methylmalonic aciduria.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The routine protocol for patients with anorexia nervosa at our institution includes an electrocardiogram, a full ionogram with measurements of sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium, as well as a complete biochemical workup and exhaustive hormone study[revespcardiol.org]

Treatment

  • Treatment with LA16001 was revealed to prevent body weight loss, and all three extracts were demonstrated to improve food intake.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Maudsley Family-Based Treatment (FBT) for anorexia is successful for between 50 and 80% of adolescents. To improve this success rate, various approaches to augmenting the treatment have been proposed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Thus, there is a need for new, objective parameters for nutrition status evaluation, which will assist in the treatment and monitoring of patients in a more meaningful and reliable way.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This diagnosis led to appropriate treatment with hydroxocobalamin, betaine, and folate, which resulted in improvement of her clinical symptoms and laboratory values.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The patient was diagnosed with IA was treated with the relational regulation of parents and active participation of her father during the treatment process.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • Abstract Chemotherapy frequently causes anorexia in cancer patients, which has been associated with poor disease prognosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The prognosis depends on a number of factors.[radiopaedia.org]
  • Early detection may improve prognosis [ 7 ] .[patient.info]
  • Early intervention has a better prognosis. The disease and treatment are relatively long lasting and long term, but most individuals will get better.[healthychildren.org]
  • There is often a poor long-term prognosis, with medical and psychological complications as well as high rates of relapse [4].[students4bestevidence.net]

Etiology

  • For example, some clinicians first hypothesized hormonal etiology, 37 while others doubted a hormonal etiology.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The etiology of anorexia nervosa is unknown. Other than being female, few risk factors have been identified. In Western society, obesity is considered unattractive and unhealthy, and the desire to be thin is pervasive, even among children.[msdmanuals.com]
  • In fact, many proponents of this approach would consider ‘family problems’ as part of the etiology of the AN. No doubt, this view might contribute to parents feeling themselves to blame for their child’s illness.[maudsleyparents.org]
  • Eating disorders are considered psychiatric disturbances of complex etiology. It is hypothesized that several genetic and environmental factors interact with each other to determine the development of eating disorders.[jamanetwork.com]
  • The etiology of many of the extraintestinal manifestations has not been fully elucidated. Other genes (many involved in the immune system or in intestinal permeability) and environmental factors are involved.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Epidemiology

  • Recent epidemiological studies show that 2% of babies in ordinary paediatric clinics suffer from infantile anorexia. In the first part of this paper we present a case study from our hospital clinical activity.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Related Journals of Anorexia Journal of Obesity & Eating Disorders, Journal of Hypertension: Open Access, Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism, Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy, Epidemiology: Open Access, World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics,[imedpub.com]
  • American Journal of Epidemiology, 169(4), 415-427. Marques, L., Alegria, M., Becker, A. E., Chen, C.-n., Fang, A., Chosak, A., & Diniz, J. B. (2011).[anad.org]
  • […] six-year-long project involved the study of 17,000 anorexia nervosa cases from around the world Researchers found the disease has "very strong" links with metabolism More patients are being recruited for an expanded study Head of the QIMR Berghofer genetic epidemiology[abc.net.au]
  • We would also like to thank the research nurses and data collectors at the Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics who worked on ANGI.[nature.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • The DIAbetes Genetics Replication And Meta-analysis (DIAGRAM) Consortium Large-scale association analysis provides insights into the genetic architecture and pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes. Nat. Genet. 44, 981–990 (2012).. 39. Teslovich, T.[nature.com]

Prevention

  • Treatment with LA16001 was revealed to prevent body weight loss, and all three extracts were demonstrated to improve food intake.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate whether aprepitant in addition to 5-HT3 receptor antagonist is useful for preventing chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) and anorexia in patients receiving CHOP therapy, and to evaluate the relationship[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • They may include: Depression, anxiety and other mood disorders Personality disorders Obsessive-compulsive disorders Alcohol and substance misuse Self-injury, suicidal thoughts or suicide attempts Prevention There's no guaranteed way to prevent anorexia[mayoclinic.org]
  • Preventing Health Risks of Anorexia The best way to prevent any health risks of anorexia is to receive eating disorder treatment as soon as possible.[mccallumplace.com]

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