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Antibiotic


Presentation

  • A percutaneous antibiotic delivery technique (PAD-T) used for the adjunctive management of osteomyelitis is presented.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Some of these antibiotic drugs present direct complications with low clinical impact in certain individuals. Hypersensitivity to these drugs causes different reactions in children.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In this case series, we present 3 patients reporting numerous previous failed IVF attempts accompanied with diagnosed CE which failed to be properly treated in the past.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • At present, such data are mostly presented as hospital or other aggregate antibiograms, showing antimicrobial susceptibility testing results by bacterial species.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This case report presents the 10-year results in a subject with generalized AgP treated by a regenerative periodontal therapeutic approach and the adjunctive use of antibiotics, following a systematic maintenance periodontal therapy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Fever
  • BACKGROUND: Emerging resistance to antibiotics renders therapy of Typhoid Fever (TF) increasingly challenging.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A 61-year-old man with complaints of repeated abdominal pain and fever for 3 months was admitted. He had a fever of 39.0 C and normal blood pressure. The blood leukocyte count was 14.9   10/L, C-reactive protein was 132 mg/L.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Fever Fevers are a common side effect of many medications, including antibiotics. A fever may occur because of an allergic reaction to a medication or as a bad side effect.[healthline.com]
  • Common clinical presentations include indolent cough, fever, and dyspnea, with necrotizing pneumonia and cavitation. We report a case of a dense right upper lung pneumonia with resultant R. equi bacteremia in a renal transplant recipient.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • It is characterised by high fever, malaise, lymphadenopathy and skin rash. From a clinical perspective, these symptoms can lead to an exacerbation of the initial infectious process for which treatment was commenced.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Lymphadenopathy
  • It is characterised by high fever, malaise, lymphadenopathy and skin rash. From a clinical perspective, these symptoms can lead to an exacerbation of the initial infectious process for which treatment was commenced.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Vietnamese
  • To comply with these international recommendations, the Vietnamese government has issued an inter-ministerial surveillance strategy for antibiotic resistance, including an integrated surveillance system.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Diarrhea
  • What Are The Causes Of Antibiotic-Associated Diarrhea? When taking antibiotics, there is a risk of developing antibiotic-associated diarrhea as a side effect of the medication.[bestnaturalremedies.net]
  • What is antibiotic-associated diarrhea? Antibiotic-associated diarrhea is a side effect of taking antibiotic medicine. Symptoms usually start between 4 and 9 days after you start to take the medicine.[web.archive.org]
  • Antibiotic therapy is a major risk factor for the development of diarrhea and colitis with varying severity.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • BACKGROUND: Antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) is a side-effect frequently associated with the use of broad spectrum antibiotics.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • BACKGROUND: Bacterial diarrhea is one of the most common causes for medical consultations, mortality and morbidity in the world.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Nausea
  • Drinking any amount of alcohol with these medications can result in side effects such as flushing, headache, nausea and vomiting, and rapid heart rate.[mayoclinic.com]
  • Side effects of antibiotics that affect the digestive system include: vomiting nausea (feeling like you may vomit) diarrhoea bloating and indigestion abdominal pain loss of appetite These side effects are usually mild and should pass once you finish your[nhs.uk]
  • […] include: A sore throat that usually starts quickly and can cause severe pain when swallowing Fever (101 F or above) Red and swollen tonsils, sometimes with white patches or streaks of pus Tiny, red spots (petechiae) on the roof of the mouth Headache, nausea[today.com]
  • When antibiotics kill too many friendly bacteria in the intestine, C. difficile multiplies and produces toxins that make the person sick with symptoms like fever, nausea, diarrhea, and inflammation.[learn.genetics.utah.edu]
Vomiting
  • Side effects of antibiotics that affect the digestive system include: vomiting nausea (feeling like you may vomit) diarrhoea bloating and indigestion abdominal pain loss of appetite These side effects are usually mild and should pass once you finish your[nhs.uk]
  • Drinking any amount of alcohol with these medications can result in side effects such as flushing, headache, nausea and vomiting, and rapid heart rate.[mayoclinic.com]
  • […] sore throat that usually starts quickly and can cause severe pain when swallowing Fever (101 F or above) Red and swollen tonsils, sometimes with white patches or streaks of pus Tiny, red spots (petechiae) on the roof of the mouth Headache, nausea, or vomiting[today.com]
  • Especially avoid taking the antibiotic Flagyl with alcohol, because you may experience a severe vomiting reaction.[web.archive.org]
  • Pseudomembranous colitis may also include one or more of the following symptoms: – watery or bloody diarrhea in large quantities – cramps and abdominal pains and discomfort – nausea or vomiting – massive dehydration – moderate fever How Is This Condition[bestnaturalremedies.net]
Dyspepsia
  • Eradication of Helicobacter pylori in patients with non-ulcer dyspepsia. Scand J Gastroenterol Suppl. 1993; 196:30- 3. 267. Patchett S, Beattie S, Leen E et al. Eradicating Helicobacter pylori and symptoms of non-ulcer dyspepsia.[drugs.com]
Muscular Atrophy
  • CONCLUSIONS: Although serum carnitine concentration can appear deceptively normal, skeletal muscle carnitine stores can be reduced in patients with severe muscular atrophy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Urticaria
  • In most cases, the allergic reaction is mild to moderate and can take the form of: a raised, itchy skin rash (urticaria, or hives) coughing wheezing tightness of the throat, which can cause breathing difficulties These mild to moderate allergic reactions[nhs.uk]
  • […] with metronidazole. 152 156 197 430 495 Persistent peripheral neuropathy reported in some patients receiving prolonged therapy. 430 If abnormal neurologic signs develop, promptly discontinue drug.. 152 156 197 430 Hypersensitivity reactions, including urticaria[drugs.com]
Pruritus
  • […] of adverse events stated in the methods section (adverse scar outcomes, postoperative bleeding, allergy to dressing, allergy to skin preparation, postoperative pain, contact dermatitis, local recurrence, subcutaneous fibrosis, granuloma, dehiscence, pruritus[doi.org]
  • […] metronidazole. 152 156 197 430 495 Persistent peripheral neuropathy reported in some patients receiving prolonged therapy. 430 If abnormal neurologic signs develop, promptly discontinue drug.. 152 156 197 430 Hypersensitivity reactions, including urticaria, pruritus[drugs.com]
Seizure
  • AAE can be divided into 3 unique clinical phenotypes: encephalopathy commonly accompanied by seizures or myoclonus arising within days after antibiotic administration (caused by cephalosporins and penicillin); encephalopathy characterized by psychosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Seizures It’s rare for antibiotics to cause seizures, but it can happen. Seizures are more common with ciprofloxacin, imipenem, and cephalosporin antibiotics such as cefixime and cephalexin.[healthline.com]
  • Seizures associated with fluoroquinolones. Ann Pharmacother. 2001; 35 :1194–8. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] 71. Blomer R, Bruch K, Krauss H, Wacheck W.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] generation Gatifloxacin As above Gram-positives as above 4th generation Moxifloxacin Gemifloxacin As above Gram-positives anaerobes as above Other DNA Inhibitors Metronidazole (bacteridical: metabolic biproducts disrupt DNA) Metronidazole (Flagyl) Anaerobics Seizures[orthobullets.com]
  • […] that antibiotics inhibit cancer in the skin in patients with rare type of lymphoma. 25 Jul 2019 Why cilantro (coriander) is good for your health Scientists have uncovered the molecular action through which the herb cilantro delays the onset of certain seizures[news-medical.net]
Cerebellar Sign
  • signs and MRI abnormalities emerging weeks after initiation of antibiotics (caused by metronidazole).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Workup

  • Microbiologic workup precluded known enteropathogens, but microbiota analysis revealed a severely depleted gut microbiota with concomitant opportunistic pathogen overgrowth.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • (See Presentation and Workup .)[emedicine.com]
Bordetella Pertussis
  • We report 2 young unvaccinated infants with persistently positive Bordetella pertussis by polymerase chain reaction from nasopharyngeal swabs despite 7 days of clarithromycin (15 mg/kg/d) therapy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • DISCUSSION: The trial's aim is to investigate whether initial treatment with UU is a safe and effective alternative treatment strategy in women with UTI.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • PCT-guided antibiotic treatment appears to be safe and effective. Most of the studies revealed a shorter antibiotic treatment without negative clinical outcomes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • When surgical debridement is adequately performed, further intravenous antibiotic treatment duration can be reduced than that of conservative treatment alone theoretically.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Shorter antibiotic courses for CAP may limit treatment costs and adverse effects, but the optimal duration of antibiotic treatment is uncertain.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Self-assessed proneness to VVC after antibiotic treatment and baseline colonization with Candida spp. were significantly associated with symptomatic VVC after antibiotic treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • Mortality in R. equi-infected HIV patients was lower in the HAART era (8%) than in pre-HAART era (56%) (P 0.0001), suggesting that HAART improves prognosis in these patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] the no training group Francis 2009 Interactive booklet for parents and clinician training in its use GPs and patients Focused on specific communication skills, such as exploring parent's main concerns, asking about their expectations, and discussing prognosis[doi.org]
  • […] tests are useful in primary care; only those that are accurate, precise, easy to use and interpret, fast and affordable for a primary care setting are acceptable [ Cals and van Weert, 2013 ]; but above all, point-of-care tests should be able to predict prognosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Prognosis Some patients with C difficile colitis with mild disease may recover without specific therapy; however, persistent diarrhea may be debilitating and can last for several weeks; therefore, treatment is recommended even in mild disease The use[emedicine.com]
  • The prognosis for sustainable R&D infrastructure depends upon clarification of FDA regulatory clinical trial guidance, and fair and appropriate economic incentives for small and large pharmaceutical companies.[doi.org]

Etiology

  • The primary etiology of these infections is Staphylococcus aureus, over 60% of which is estimated to be methicillin resistant across the USA.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • These findings shed light on areas for future research concerning antibiotic-resistant and multidrug-resistant bacteria in food animals as etiological agents of infectious diseases in humans.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Anderson JE, Bickler SW, Chang DC et al (2012) Examining a common disease with unknown etiology: trends in epidemiology and surgical management of appendicitis in California, 1995–2009.[doi.org]
  • Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the most common rheumatic diagnosis in children, but its etiology remains unclear. 1 Despite the presence of known genetic risk factors, population-based studies suggest that genetics explains only 10% to 25% of[pediatrics.aappublications.org]

Epidemiology

  • Molecular epidemiology and systematic epidemiological investigation can provide accurate evidence for tracking the infection source.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Author Affiliations From the Department of Epidemiology Research, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, and the Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Aalborg University, Aalborg — both in Denmark. Article Figures/Media[doi.org]
  • Epidemiologic studies of Streptococcus pneumoniae in infants. Am J Epidemiol 1982;116:692. 32. Gray BM, Dillon HC. Clinical and epidemiologic studies of pneumococcal infection in children. Pediatr Infect Dis J 1986;5:201. 33.[scielosp.org]
  • Here, current data have been gathered from mice model experiments and epidemiological studies in an antibiotic-centred perspective.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Empirical antibiotic regimens need to reflect the epidemiology of most likely causative bacteria, type of infection and patient risk factors. Summary data from relevant isolates in similar patients help to identify appropriate empirical regimens.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • We correlate these 3 clinical phenotypes with underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms of antibiotic neurotoxicity.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • These results implicate Propionibacterium acnes in the pathophysiology of acne vulgaris, although the lines between commensal and pathological phylotypes may be blurred.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The effects of pathophysiological changes on antibiotic pharmacokinetics are also provided.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Second, infrequent documentation of urinary chemistries and stone composition limited our ability to define the underlying pathophysiology.[doi.org]
  • Gibson RL, Burns JL, Ramsey BW: Pathophysiology and management of pulmonary infections in cystic fibrosis. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2003; 168: 918–951. PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar 56.[doi.org]

Prevention

  • CONCLUSION: Here we present a practical guide that informs healthcare professionals and patients on the availability of probiotic products with a proven efficacy for the prevention of AAD.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • BACKGROUND: There is extensive evidence of the efficacy of anti-microbial drugs in preventing infections from surgical efforts.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • From Wikidata Jump to navigation Jump to search drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections Antibacterial Anti-Bacterial Agents Anti-Bacterial Compounds Antibacterial Agents antibacterial drug edit English antibiotic drug used in[wikidata.org]
  • Prevalence surveys have a long tradition in the field of infection prevention and control for measuring both HAI and antimicrobial use.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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