Edit concept Question Editor Create issue ticket

Anuria

Anurias


Presentation

  • We report on an 18-year-old woman with a combined urogynecological malformation who presented with anuria.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Candidiasis
  • Percutaneous decompression and drainage of both kidneys contributed significantly to the successful management of renal candidiasis in this patient. A review of the literature is presented.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Eur J Pediatr. 2013 Nov 9; Authors: Schilperoort JV, de Wall LL, van der Horst HJ, van Wijk JA, Verbeke JI, Bokenkamp A Abstract Renal involvement is regularly encountered in neonates with invasive candidiasis, especially when risk factors like congenital[infectoforum.net]
Soft Tissue Mass
  • Ureteroscopy was done, and it showed presence of soft tissue mass obstructing the ureter. On the the left side, it was noted in its middle part and on the right, at the ureteropelvic junction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Choking
  • In all patients the precipitating cause of acute obstructive renal failure was choking of bilateral ureteropelvic junction with numerous small uric acid stones without cause pelvicaliceal dilatation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Anuria
  • Acute renal failure due to reflex anuria is related to a reflex mechanism involving arteriolar vasoconstriction and urethral spasm. Patients with reflex anuria can be successfully managed with medical or surgical interventions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Bilateral Flank Pain
  • An 11-year-old boy suffered from macroscopic haematuria and bilateral flank pain a few days after uneventful appendectomy for retrocaecal appendicitis phlegmonosa. Ultrasonography revealed a complete bilateral distal obstruction of the ureters.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Workup

  • Most notable in the workup was a low blood pressure reading of 80/48. With the exception of a grandmother with hypertension, her history was unremarkable—she suffered no allergies, was not on any medications, and her immunizations were up to date.[hopkinsmedicine.org]
  • Metabolic workup for cystinuria was performed via a positive nitroprusside test. The diagnosis was confirmed by stone analysis by use of chemical methods.[synapse.koreamed.org]
  • However, anuria, though may be a late sign, should trigger complete and emergent workup that includes ultrasound of any suspected swelling in the vicinity of the transplanted renal graft, besides renal scan of the graft in order to rule out thrombosis[sjkdt.org]
Pneumoperitoneum
  • The volume of infusion during pneumoperitoneum did not correlate with urine output. CONCLUSION: Pneumoperitoneum leads to anuria in most children younger than 1 year and to oliguria in about one third of older children.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Creatinine Decreased
  • His serum creatinine decreased over this interval without the use of extracorporeal hemofiltration or dialysis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • Open surgical treatment was applied in 5 (20.8%), endoscopic treatment was applied in 15 (62.5%), while combined treatment was applied in 4 (16.6%) patients. All patients had normal serum creatinine on discharge.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • Abstract Peritoneal dialysis patients with anuria have a poor prognosis because of uremia and volume overload. In the present paper, I discuss a suitable prescription for children with anuria.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The 23-day-long anuria seemed to indicate an extremely poor prognosis and may have been related to delay in eradicating a residual uterine abscess which was a site of Clostridial infection.[jamanetwork.com]
  • Conclusion : Obstructive anuria is an urological emergency that involves immediate and functional prognosis of the kidney. Its management is closely related to the etiology of the obstruction which also determines the prognosis.[medcraveonline.com]

Etiology

  • Ureteric valves represent a very rare etiology of ureteral obstruction. We experienced an unusual case of bilateral distal ureteric valves that presented as bilateral primitive obstructed megaureters with anuria at the age of 40 days.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The goal of therapeutic management is to remove the obstruction, to manage complications and metabolic disorders, and finally to treat the etiology [8,9]. The type of urinary diversion to propose differs from the etiology [10].[medcraveonline.com]

Epidemiology

  • To our knowledge, this is the first epidemiological and analytical study on obstructive anuria carried out in the region of eastern Morocco. It is a medical and surgical emergency that can be life-threatening [1,4,5].[medcraveonline.com]
  • The incidence of AKI has been increasing recently and significant changes have occurred in the epidemiology of AKI during the past decade [3].[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Changing epidemiology of acute post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis in Northeast Florida: a comparative study. Pediatr Nephrol. 2008 Jul. 23(7):1101-6. [Medline]. Longcope WT, O'Brien DP, McGuire J, Hansen OC, Denny ER.[medscape.com]
  • Recent epidemiological studies have shown that AKI itself could increase the risk of developing incident CKD and further ESRD [ 4, 5, 11 ]. Even full recovery to normal renal function after AKI was associated with an increased risk of CKD [ 12 ].[kjim.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • The challenge is to understand the pathophysiological mechanism responsible for this complex syndrome. There are various mechanisms that have been proposed to explain RA.[bmcnephrol.biomedcentral.com]
  • Pathophysiology of Urinary tract Obstruction. In: Campbell-Walsh. Urology. 10th edition. Saunders: Philadelphia; 2011. pp. 1087-1121. Y alavarthy R, Parikh CR. Congenital renal agenesis: a review. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl. 2003;14:336-341.[casereports.in]

Prevention

  • In this case we believe that the collateral circulation played a significant role in immediate recovery of kidney function by maintaining renal perfusion pressure and preventing acute tubular necrosis (ATN).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] also occur because of some severe obstruction like kidney stones or tumours... (45 of 470 words) en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anuria New World Dictionary: anuria anuresis anuresises partial or total failure of the kidneys to secrete urine, or blockage which prevents[memidex.com]

Ask Question

5000 Characters left Format the text using: # Heading, **bold**, _italic_. HTML code is not allowed.
By publishing this question you agree to the TOS and Privacy policy.
• Use a precise title for your question.
• Ask a specific question and provide age, sex, symptoms, type and duration of treatment.
• Respect your own and other people's privacy, never post full names or contact information.
• Inappropriate questions will be deleted.
• In urgent cases contact a physician, visit a hospital or call an emergency service!