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Aortic Arch Syndrome


Presentation

  • Abstract The clinicopathologic features of a 62-year-old woman with the aortic arch syndrome who presented with ischemic ocular inflammation, followed by complete loss of vision, is presented.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract Four cases of aortic arch syndrome (Takayasu's arteritis), all in Nigerian females, are presented. Our clinical and roentgenological findings are described and the disease briefly discussed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • METHODS: MRI and FDG-PET were performed for 25 patients with giant cell arteritis who presented with a complicated disease course despite immunosuppressive therapy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • One study suggested that a low ESR, early treatment with steroids and a stable condition at presentation were factors which predicted a good prognosis. [ 17 ][patient.info]
  • Involvement of renal arteries may lead to presentation as renovascular hypertension.[icd.codes]
Relapsing Polychondritis
  • Abstract A case of relapsing polychondritis with aortic arch aneurysm and aortic arch syndrome is described. The pattern of vascular involvement supports the inclusion of relapsing polychondritis within the spectrum of systemic vasculitides.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Dolan DL, Lemmon GB, Teitelbaum SL (1966) Relapsing polychondritis. Am J Med 41:285–299 Google Scholar 4. Hughes RAC, Berry CL, Seifert M, Lessof MH (1972) Relapsing polychondritis.[link.springer.com]
Speech Disorders
  • He had speech disorder, hemifacialmicrosomia, bilateral epibulbardermolipoma, bilateral preauricular tags and triangular face. His general appearance was compatible with GS [Figure 2] .[annalspc.com]

Workup

  • (See Prognosis, Presentation, and Workup.)[emedicine.com]
  • Angiography-based categories Takayasu arteritis can be divided into the following six types based on angiographic involvement (see Workup ) [3] : Type I - Branches of the aortic arch Type IIa - Ascending aorta, aortic arch, and its branches Type IIb -[emedicine.com]

Treatment

  • A nonsteroid anti-inflammatory treatment was unsuccessful. A clinical examination revealed absence of both radial pulses and presence of murmurs at level of the carotids.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions.[stlukes-stl.com]
  • Links: clinical features diagnosis treatment and prognosis[gpnotebook.co.uk]

Prognosis

  • Links: clinical features diagnosis treatment and prognosis[gpnotebook.co.uk]
  • One study suggested that a low ESR, early treatment with steroids and a stable condition at presentation were factors which predicted a good prognosis. [ 17 ][patient.info]
  • The condition is progressive, and the prognosis is poor. Death usually occurs after a few years, although survival for 20 years after onset of symptoms has been reported. Probably of autoimmune origin.[whonamedit.com]
  • The prognosis and treatment for the patient with IAA will be affected by the presence of any associated defects.[pted.org]
  • (See Prognosis, Presentation, and Workup.)[emedicine.com]

Etiology

  • Etiology The etiology of Takayasu arteritis is unknown.[emedicine.com]
  • In children, Takayasu arteritis is one of the more common etiologies of renovascular hypertension. [3] (See Pathophysiology and Epidemiology.)[emedicine.com]

Epidemiology

  • Takayasu's arteritis was first described by Mikito Takayasu in 1908. [ 3 ] Epidemiology [ 3 ] Takayasu's arteritis is rare.[patient.info]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • The pathophysiology and ocular manifestations of chronic ocular ischemia are discussed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Conclusion Our findings indicate novel genetic susceptibility loci for Takayasu arteritis and uncover potentially important aspects of the pathophysiology of this form of vasculitis.[doi.org]
  • In children, Takayasu arteritis is one of the more common etiologies of renovascular hypertension. [3] (See Pathophysiology and Epidemiology.)[emedicine.com]

Prevention

  • This study will evaluate the effectiveness of abatacept in treating GCA and TAK and preventing disease relapse.[clinicaltrials.gov]
  • This is to prevent the life threatening complications of aneurysm rupture or aortic dissection.[archprojects.org]
  • Children’s heart conditions can’t be prevented, but a lot can be done to improve and often completely repair their hearts at any age.[nemours.org]
  • The severe underdevelopment of the left heart structures prevents oxygen-rich blood from flowing to the body normally. Thus, the right heart takes over and pumps blood to the body through the PDA.[medmovie.com]
  • People who experience blood vessel inflammation and narrowing may slow or prevent the progression of the disease by: Quitting smoking Exercising Eating a diet low in saturated fat and cholesterol Losing weight.[vascular.surgery.ucsf.edu]

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