Edit concept Question Editor Create issue ticket

Aortic Arteriosclerosis


Presentation

  • Atherosclerosis-like lesions in non-stenosed aortic valves In the present study, atherosclerosis-like changes in aortic valves were present in 45 of 48 subjects aged 20 years.[heart.bmj.com]
  • Finally, the present study did not enroll adults aged 90 years. Conclusions The present study reports the first CMR population-based study of subclinical aortic atherosclerosis in a free-living population.[atvb.ahajournals.org]
  • Baseline was defined as conditions that were present at or before the first SPARC visit. Mean age was 66.9 13.3 years.[onlinejacc.org]
  • With the present possibility of resection and graft replacement, 1 2 3 the outlook for the patient, although serious, is at least hopeful.[nejm.org]
  • In this lesson the sonographic characteristics of the atherosclerotic diseases (thrombosis, aneurysms and dissections) of the abdominal aorta and of the iliac arteries are presented.[echodoppler-lessons.com]
Weakness
  • Over time, artery walls may become weak and widen. An analogy would be what can happen to an aging garden hose. The pressure of blood pumping through the aorta may then cause this weak area to bulge outward, like a balloon (called an aneurysm).[radiologyinfo.org]
  • ABDOMINAL AORTIC ANEURYSM (AAA) An abdominal aortic aneurysm is an abnormal dilatation caused by weakness of the artery wall, as a result of atherosclerotic damage. The dilated aorta can rupture, causing rapid blood loss, and this is usually fatal.[ndcn.ox.ac.uk]
  • Term watch Aneurysm: when the wall of a blood vessel balloons out, making it weak and prone to rupture. Risk factors Atherosclerosis is a common condition.[netdoctor.co.uk]
  • The Society of Thoracic Surgery mentions in its report that symptoms of shock include low blood pressure, rapid, weak pulse, shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, clamminess or sweating.[livestrong.com]
  • There may also be a very weak pulse below the area of the artery that has narrowed. Sometimes, there is no detectable pulse. An affected limb may have abnormally low blood pressure.[medicalnewstoday.com]
Coronary Atherosclerosis
  • Coronary atherosclerosis, plaque with thrombus, microscopic Coronary atherosclerosis with thrombosis, microscopic Severe coronary atherosclerosis, gross Coronary atherosclerosis with hemorrhage into plaque, gross Coronary thrombosis, gross Coronary thrombosis[library.med.utah.edu]
  • Rissanen V (1972) Aortic and coronary atherosclerosis in a Finnish autopsy series of violent deaths. Ann Acad Sci Fenn (Ser A) 155:25–53. Google Scholar 21.[link.springer.com]
  • Heart transplantation is often followed by accelerated coronary atherosclerosis, which is likely related to immune-mediated endothelial injury.[merckmanuals.com]
  • Read More on This Topic cardiovascular disease: Coronary artery disease …no one-to-one relationship between coronary atherosclerosis and the clinical symptoms of coronary artery disease or between coronary artery… Atherosclerotic lesions frequently are[britannica.com]
  • Aortic valve calcification and subclinical coronary atherosclerosis. J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr. 2010;4:47–8. [ Links ] 27. Cosmi JE, Kort S, Tunick PA, et al.[scielo.org.mx]
Asymptomatic
  • This approach, also in diagnostics and pharmacology, is particularly important when applied to implement a model for effective prevention able to detect the presence of vascular damage at the sub-clinical, asymptomatic stage preceding of decades the onset[wikiecho.org]
  • She is completely asymptomatic at the present time, and there are no abnormal findings on physical examination. She is a nonsmoker, and on March 28, 2008, her blood pressure was 120/70 mm Hg. Her mother died at age 91 of a stroke.[endotext.org]
  • In the initial stages, the lesions are usually asymptomatic and confined to the intimal layer. These lesions can progress to a deep atheromatous ulcer that penetrates through the elastic lamina and into the media.[ijri.org]
  • Predictive value of electron beam computed tomography of the coronary arteries: 19-month follow-up of 1173 asymptomatic subjects. Circulation. 1996; 93 : 1951–1953.[atvb.ahajournals.org]
  • ., “Predictors of Outcome in Severe, Asymptomatic Aortic Stenosis,” N. Engl. J. Med. 343 (9), 611–617 (2000). 6. G.W.[nutraceuticalbusinessreview.com]
Collapse
  • In about 20 percent of cases, an undiscovered abdominal aneurysm ruptures without warning, and the patient collapses and dies from massive bleeding inside the abdomen, according to the Mayo Clinic.[livestrong.com]
  • The stent acts as a scaffold, supporting the arterial walls, preventing collapse or recoil, and seals over injured areas of the endothelium.[emedicinehealth.com]
Congestive Heart Failure
  • Cilostazol is generally avoided in individuals with congestive heart failure.[healthywomen.org]
Vascular Disease
  • ] I73.8 Other specified peripheral vascular diseases Acrocyanosis Acroparaesthesia: · simple [Schultze's type] · vasomotor [Nothnagel's type] Erythrocyanosis Erythromelalgia I73.9 Peripheral vascular disease, unspecified Intermittent claudication Spasm[apps.who.int]
  • The patients concerned have widespread and often severe arteriosclerotic vascular disease involving the coronary arteries, brain, kidneys. ..[nejm.org]
  • disease, CT angiography Arteriolosclerosis Renal hyperplastic arteriolosclerosis, microscopic Renal arterial fibrinoid necrosis with hypertensive emergency, microscopic Renal hyaline arteriolosclerosis with diabetes mellitus, microscopic Monckeberg's[library.med.utah.edu]
  • Diseases that can be caused by atherosclerosis include heart attacks, strokes, abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA), peripheral vascular disease (PVD), and dementia.[ndcn.ox.ac.uk]
  • (arteries, veins) VASCULAR DISEASES The vascular system is the network of blood vessels that circulate blood to and from the heart and lungs. Vascular diseases are very common, especially as people age.[cirse.org]
Heart Failure
  • Effect of ramipril on mortality and morbidity of survivors of acute myocardial infarction with clinical evidence of heart failure. Lancet 1993;342:821-828. ‎ Página 1213 - Little WC, Constantinescu M, Applegate RJ, et al.[books.google.es]
  • Significant advancement in cardiology A new approach for treating heart failure delivers a one-two punch.[utsouthwestern.edu]
  • The most likely cause of death in this patient was heart failure, more probably due to severe compromise of the co-ronary circulation by extrinsic compression of a large abscess cavity. Figure 1.[romanianjournalcardiology.ro]
  • When atherosclerosis narrows the arteries close to your heart, you may develop coronary artery disease, which can cause chest pain (angina), a heart attack or heart failure. Carotid artery disease.[mayoclinic.org]
  • Ueland, et al., “Undercarboxylated Matrix Gla Protein is Associated with Indices of Heart Failure and Mortality in Symptomatic Aortic Stenosis,” J. Intern. Med. 268 (5), 483–492 (2010). 9. H.M.[nutraceuticalbusinessreview.com]
Left Ventricular Dysfunction
  • Effect of captopril on mortality and morbidity in patients with left ventricular dysfunction after myocardial infarction: results of the survival and ventricular enlargement trial. ‎ Página 913 - DeWood MA, Spores J, Notske R, et al.[books.google.es]
Ulcer
  • I70.231 Atherosclerosis of native arteries of right leg with ulceration of thigh I70.232 Atherosclerosis of native arteries of right leg with ulceration of calf I70.233 Atherosclerosis of native arteries of right leg with ulceration of ankle I70.234[icd10coded.com]
  • Atheromatous ulcers that are confined to the intimal layer sometimes appear radiologically similar to penetrating atherosclerotic ulcers.[ijri.org]
  • Penetrating atherosclerotic ulceration can also arise without symptoms.[mountsinai.org]
  • With this kind of approach we can discriminate simple and between complex (mobile debris, ulceration, 4mm thickness) lesion. [ 8 ] In addition, aortic plaques, and in particular vulnerable lesions, can also be detected by other imaging modatilies. [ 1[wikiecho.org]
  • Advanced plaques may: progressively enlarge: causing critical stenosis and ischemia ulcerate or rupture (leads to thrombus formation): causing critical ischemia, total occlusion with infarction, or distal embolism undergo hemorrhage: causing plaque expansion[radiopaedia.org]
Distractibility
  • Base Camp 2018-07-09, 11:00–12:00 Ort: Vienna A wonderful serenity has taken possession of my entire soul It is a long established fact that a reader will be distracted by the readable content of a page when looking at its layout.[praxispilgerzell.de]
Kidney Failure
  • If you have atherosclerosis in the arteries leading to your kidneys, you develop high blood pressure or kidney failure. When to see a doctor If you think you have atherosclerosis, talk to your doctor.[mayoclinic.org]
  • failure If you experience any of these symptoms, see your physician right away.[baptisthealth.com]
  • Kidney failure: The kidneys can stop functioning if they do not receive enough blood. Aneurysm: This is a serious condition in which the walls of an artery bulge, sometimes bursting and causing potentially fatal internal bleeding.[medicalnewstoday.com]
  • Kidney failure. A family history of atherosclerosis. Being male. Women experience similar levels of atherosclerosis, but are affected about 5 to 10 years later than men.[netdoctor.co.uk]
Excitement
  • .: Specific inhibitors and promoters of calcium action in the excitation-contraction coupling of heart muscle and their role in the prevention or production of myocardial lesions. In Calcium and the Heart, ed. ‎[books.google.es]
  • This finding is especially exciting, in that atherosclerosis progression was not slowed, nor halted, but rather that it was actually reversed.[lifeextension.com]

Workup

Hypercholesterolemia
  • No difference was observed in age, sex, and risk factors for arteriosclerosis other than hypercholesterolemia among AS/CAD, AS alone, and control groups (88%, 67%, 41%, respectively; p 0.0001).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Factors that increase your risk of developing atherosclerosis include: High level of blood cholesterol (hypercholesterolemia), especially LDL (“bad cholesterol) Low level of HDL ("good cholesterol") High levels of C-reactive protein, a marker for inflammation[drugs.com]
  • Most guidelines recommend lipid profile screening in patients with any of the following characteristics: Men 40 yr Women 50 yr and post-menopausal women Type 2 diabetes Family history of familial hypercholesterolemia or premature cardiovascular disease[merckmanuals.com]
  • Having a close relative who has had heart disease or stroke at a relatively young age (bad genes, especially with familial hypercholesterolemia [increased cholesterol levels]).[emedicinehealth.com]
Fibrinoid Necrosis
  • necrosis with hypertensive emergency, microscopic Renal hyaline arteriolosclerosis with diabetes mellitus, microscopic Monckeberg's medial calcific arteriosclerosis, microscopic Thromboembolism GIF animation of pulmonary thromboembolus, diagram Pulmonary[library.med.utah.edu]

Treatment

  • [ edit ] Treatment is often in the form of preventive measures of prophylaxis.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • Very wide treatment of folk remedies is using garlic.[vascular.vsebolezni.com]
  • Treatment and Recovery Treatment for arteriosclerosis includes a heathy diet, exercise and medication to control or possibly reverse your condition.[baptisthealth.com]
  • Research Brings New Treatment Options for Aortic Disease We are forging the way for innovative and improved treatment options for aortic diseases.[umcvc.org]

Prognosis

  • Therapy was relatively ineffective, prognosis regarding time was utterly uncertain, and the ultimate prognosis for life was hopeless.[nejm.org]
  • Detection of AA by TEE may be a marker for CAD and early detection of aortic atherosclerosis may contribute to diagnostic and therapeutic interventions and thereby improve the prognosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Arteriosclerosis Prognosis Prognosis is good when arteriosclerosis is treated early with heathy life-style changes, medicines or medical procedures.[baptisthealth.com]
  • Prognosis Little is known about the natural history of penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer. This disease entity has been considered by most authors to have a poorer prognosis than classic aortic dissection.[ijri.org]
  • Prognosis Atherosclerosis leads to the number one cause of death in the and many other countries for both men and women: coronary artery disease. However, people with atherosclerosis are living longer with better quality of life than ever before.[drugs.com]

Etiology

  • Certain conditions have both an underlying etiology and multiple body system manifestations due to the underlying etiology.[icd10coded.com]
  • The University of Michigan Frankel Cardiovascular Center is home to the International Registry of Aortic Dissection, and several research laboratories that are exploring the molecular etiologies of aortic diseases.[umcvc.org]
  • The primary etiology of the narrowing of LAD and CX was the surrounding inflammation, which compressed the arteries.[romanianjournalcardiology.ro]
  • Diet, lifestyle, and the etiology of coronary artery disease: The Cornell China Study. Am J Card 1998;82(10B):18T-21T. 11) Miller K. Lipid values in Kalahari Bushman. Arch Intern Med 1968; 121:414. 12) Breslow JL.[dresselstyn.com]
  • Insulin resistance is not synonymous with the metabolic syndrome but may be key in its etiology.[merckmanuals.com]

Epidemiology

  • Genetic-epidemiologic studies have identified a surprisingly long list of genetic and non-genetic risk factors for CAD.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • A short questionnaire of the measurement of habitual physical activity in epidemiological studies. Am J Clin Nutr. 1982;36:936–42. [ Links ] 37.[scielo.org.mx]
  • Methods Patient population The resources of the Rochester Epidemiology Project in Rochester, Minnesota, were used to enumerate the Olmsted County population 45 years old or older.[onlinejacc.org]
  • Epidemiological studies in a total highland population, Tukisenta, New Guinea. Cardiovascular disease and relevant clinical, electrocardiographic, radiological and biochemical findings.[dresselstyn.com]
  • From an epidemiological perspective, the FHS offspring cohort is predominantly white. These results may not be applicable to other racial subgroups. Finally, the present study did not enroll adults aged 90 years.[atvb.ahajournals.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Pathophysiology. Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 322. ISBN 9780323293174. Retrieved 25 July 2016. Further reading [ edit ] Lusis, Aldons J; Mar, Rebecca; Pajukanta, Päivi (2004). "Genetics of Atherosclerosis".[en.wikipedia.org]
  • AAS embraces a heterogenous group of patients with similar clinical profile, but entirely different precipitating pathophysiological mechanisms.[ijri.org]
  • Their inclusion is a potential limitation for the cerebrovascular outcome analysis, because plaques were most common in the descending aorta, which is not an expected pathophysiologic substrate for stroke.[onlinejacc.org]

Prevention

  • .: Specific inhibitors and promoters of calcium action in the excitation-contraction coupling of heart muscle and their role in the prevention or production of myocardial lesions. In Calcium and the Heart, ed. ‎[books.google.es]
  • Prevention The same healthy lifestyle changes recommended to treat atherosclerosis also help prevent it.[mayoclinic.org]
  • Continued Prevention Atherosclerosis can get worse over time, but it's also preventable.[webmd.com]
  • In plain language, K2 prevents calcium from being deposited in arteries, making it essential for heart health.[nutraceuticalbusinessreview.com]

Ask Question

5000 Characters left Format the text using: # Heading, **bold**, _italic_. HTML code is not allowed.
By publishing this question you agree to the TOS and Privacy policy.
• Use a precise title for your question.
• Ask a specific question and provide age, sex, symptoms, type and duration of treatment.
• Respect your own and other people's privacy, never post full names or contact information.
• Inappropriate questions will be deleted.
• In urgent cases contact a physician, visit a hospital or call an emergency service!