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Aortic Disease


Presentation

  • All patients were male and symptomatic at presentation. The average age was 41 years (range, 27-67 years). The systolic blood pressure decreased by a mean of 49 mmHg in the patients presenting with hypertension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Abdominal Pain
  • He was admitted to our institution 1 week later with persistent abdominal pain. A computed tomographic scan of the abdomen revealed a large pseudoaneurysm of the abdominal aorta.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Signs and Symptoms Sudden chest, back, neck or abdominal pain Unconsciousness Paralysis or loss of function of a limb Risk Factors Some people are at an increased risk for aortic conditions of dissection.[sthealth.com]
  • Cases The Abdomen Abdominal pain and ultrasound of the Abdomen - Thomas Cook Watch case Thin Air at 1.75m Altitude Learn why this patient is experiencing dyspnea at an altitude of only 1.75 meters Watch case Models 1 An echo model becomes a patient Watch[123sonography.com]
  • "If you have an aneurysm and you have sudden onset of chest, neck, back, or abdominal pain, or something doesn't feel right in your chest, get to an emergency department, describe what is going on, and say 'I have a thoracic aneurysm, I need a CT scan[health.harvard.edu]
Vascular Disease
  • Author information 1 John Ritter Research Program in Aortic and Vascular Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Tex.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • See our list of clinical trials related to heart and vascular disease.[froedtert.com]
  • The Massachusetts General Hospital Fireman Vascular Center is one of the only vascular centers in the country with specialists in every area of vascular disease.[massgeneral.org]
  • disease Treating Aortic Disease Our expert team understands each patient is an individual and we know each patient’s condition is unique and deserves personalized treatment.[uchospitals.edu]

Workup

  • Diagnostic Workup The diagnostic workup of a non-healing wound (or leg ulcer) is initially guided by clinical presentation and physical examination findings.[vasc-solutions.com]

Treatment

  • One patient died on the first postoperative day and another died 3 months after treatment from a myocardial infarction. The other two patients were alive 13 and 34 months after treatment, respectively.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • Aortitis can be caused by a wide spectrum of entities, including from infectious processes to autoimmune diseases (Takayasu arteritis and giant cell arteritis are among the most common of these causing aortitis), and the prognosis and treatment of these[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] aortic injury Long-term surveillance in traumatic aortic injury Iatrogenic aortic dissection Aortic aneurysms Thoracic aortic aneurysms Abdominal aortic aneurysm Definition Risk factors Natural history Diagnosis Abdominal aortic aneurysm repair Long-term prognosis[escardio.org]

Etiology

  • According to our findings, NLRP3 could be involved in the common etiology of AAA and AOD, whereas NLRP1 appears to have a specific role in AOD development.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The University of Michigan Frankel Cardiovascular Center is home to the International Registry of Aortic Dissection, and several research laboratories that are exploring the molecular etiologies of aortic diseases.[umcvc.org]
  • The true etiology of aortic aneurysms is probably multifactorial, and the condition occurs in individuals with multiple risk factors.[emedicine.medscape.com]

Epidemiology

  • OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the mortality impact of TAD and characterize it epidemiologically.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] aortic repair Abdominal endovascular aortic repair Surgery Ascending aorta Aortic arch Thoracoabdominal aorta Abdominal aorta Acute thoracic aortic syndromes Definition Pathology and classification Acute aortic dissection Definition and classification Epidemiology[escardio.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Such an approach may provide a pathophysiological basis for early diagnosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Coarctation of AortaPathophysiology• Narrowed aorta produces increased leftventricular afterload and wall stress, leftventricular hypertrophy, and congestiveheart failure• Systemic perfusion is dependent on theductal flow and collateralization in severecoarctation[slideshare.net]
  • Because the pathophysiology of MYLK mutations is that of dissections and not aneurysms, it is difficult to counsel as to the time of intervention ( 37 ).[annalscts.com]
  • […] disease Hypertension Loeys-Dietz Syndrome Hypercholesterolemia Hyperhomocysteinemia Elevated C-reactive protein Tobacco use Peripheral vascular disease Marfan syndrome Ehlers-Danlos type IV Bicuspid Aortic Valve Syphilis IgG4-related disease Pregnancy Pathophysiology[en.wikipedia.org]
  • Pathophysiology Aneurysms are usually defined as a localized dilation of an arterial segment greater that 50% its normal diameter. Most aortic aneurysms occur in the infrarenal segment (95%).[emedicine.medscape.com]

Prevention

  • This information has the potential to optimize the timing of aortic surgery to prevent acute dissections. Copyright 2015 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Medication Cholesterol-lowering medications (statins) and blood-pressure medications may help slow aneurysm growth and prevent complications.[dukemedicine.org]

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