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Aortic Valve Disorder

Aortic Valve Defect


Presentation

  • Although bicuspid aortic valve disease is present at birth, it usually is not diagnosed until adulthood because the defective valve can function for years without causing symptoms.[my.clevelandclinic.org]
  • Calcification and, in advanced cases, an enlargement of the heart, may be present in a chest X-ray. The physician may also perform cardiac catheterization.[heart-valve-surgery.com]
  • Stenosis - when the valve doesn't open enough and blocks blood flow Valve problems can be present at birth or caused by infections, heart attacks, or heart disease or damage.[icdlist.com]
  • Aortic stenosis can be congenital, in which the condition is present at birth due to a heart defect. The condition may also be caused by calcium buildup on the aortic valve, which develops over time.[diseaseinfosearch.org]
Short Stature
  • Typical features of Turner syndrome (eg, short stature in females with webbed neck and broad chest) or Williams syndrome (eg, elfin facies, mild retardation) may suggest the possibility of bicuspid aortic valve. Cardiac examination TREATMENT.[chd-uk.co.uk]
Broad Chest
  • Typical features of Turner syndrome (eg, short stature in females with webbed neck and broad chest) or Williams syndrome (eg, elfin facies, mild retardation) may suggest the possibility of bicuspid aortic valve. Cardiac examination TREATMENT.[chd-uk.co.uk]
Turkish
  • Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences. 1999;29(5):583-5. Available from: . Accessed in 2010 (Aug 30). [ Links ] 49. Fedak PW, David TE, Borger M, Verma S, Butany J, Weisel RD.[scielo.br]
Heart Disease
  • Stenosis - when the valve doesn't open enough and blocks blood flow Valve problems can be present at birth or caused by infections, heart attacks, or heart disease or damage.[icdlist.com]
  • ICD-10-CM Codes › I00-I99 Diseases of the circulatory system › I30-I52 Other forms of heart disease › I35- Nonrheumatic aortic valve disorders › Nonrheumatic aortic valve disorder, unspecified 2016 2017 2018 2019 Billable/Specific Code I35.9 is a billable[icd10data.com]
  • Also the remedy has served for not only the heart disease but also for other problems the patient had from time to time. Homoeopathy can serve any condition of the patient if the doctor and the patient do not become panic..[modernhomoeopathy.com]
Heart Murmur
  • The main sign of heart valve disease is an unusual heartbeat sound called a heart murmur. Your doctor can hear a heart murmur with a stethoscope. But many people have heart murmurs without having a problem.[icdlist.com]
  • Doctors usually base the diagnosis on a characteristic heart murmur heard through a stethoscope and on results of echocardiography.[msdmanuals.com]
  • Signs and symptoms of aortic valve disease may include: Abnormal heart sound (heart murmur) heard through a stethoscope Shortness of breath, particularly when you have been very active or when you lie down Dizziness Fainting Chest pain or tightness Irregular[mayoclinic.org]

Workup

  • Sometimes, a family doctor may hear a small heart murmur while listening to the heart, but since it is such a minor heart murmur and there are no symptoms or limitations, no workup or evaluation is necessary.[badaorta.com]
  • […] anticoagulation, to treat associated post-stagnation thrombosis, or aortic valve replacement as the treatment, is debatable. 66 Sudden death may occur as a result of obstruction of the left ventricular outflow tract by a congenital BAV. 67 LABORATORY WORKUP[scielo.br]

Treatment

  • Surgical Treatment of Aortic Valve Disorders If necessary, the aortic valve can be repaired or replaced with a synthetic or biological valve.[heart-valve-surgery.com]
  • Treatment varies on a case by case basis and often depends on the severity of the disease.[diseaseinfosearch.org]
  • WTHVC has earned exceptionally high quality ratings for treatment of heart attacks including two quality achievement awards from AHA Mission: Lifeline for STEMI and NSTEMI, as well as Platinum Performance from NCDR ACTION Registry for numerous consecutive[wthvc.org]

Prognosis

  • Surgical replacement of the abnormal valve is the best treatment for nearly everyone, and the prognosis after valve replacement is excellent.[merckmanuals.com]
  • Once symptoms develop, the prognosis becomes inferior and surgery is normally performed. Aortic stenosis is the most common cause for heart valve operation.[yorkcardiology.co.uk]
  • PROGNOSIS For the individual with bicuspid aortic valve is good. Reviews and reports in the past have emphasized the fairly benign course for patients with bicuspid valves.[chd-uk.co.uk]
  • Prognosis Rheumatic mitral valve disease is inconsistently reparable, and the long-term outcomes after surgical repair are not as good as for valve repair for mitral valve prolapse due to leaflet and chordal scarring.[emedicine.medscape.com]

Etiology

  • Certain conditions have both an underlying etiology and multiple body system manifestations due to the underlying etiology.[icd10coded.com]
  • Mild aortic regurgitation has only been found in one neonate with BAV. 6 ETIOLOGY It has been noted that BAV is inheritable.[scielo.br]
  • Aortic Valve Disease from Etiology to Bedside By Shahab Shahrzad and Samira Taban 1432 Open access peer-reviewed 4.[intechopen.com]
  • Aortic Valve Disease from Etiology to Bedside By Shahab Shahrzad and Samira Taban 1408 Open access peer-reviewed 4.[intechopen.com]
  • New observations on the etiology of aortic valve disease: a surgical pathologic study of 236 cases from 1990. Hum Pathol . 1993 Dec. 24(12):1330-8. [Medline] . Veinot JP. Pathology of inflammatory native valvular heart disease.[emedicine.medscape.com]

Epidemiology

  • Epidemiology of acute rheumatic fever in New Zealand 1996-2005. J Paediatr Child Health . 2008 Oct. 44(10):564-71. [Medline] . Cunningham MW. T cell mimicry in inflammatory heart disease. Mol Immunol . 2004 Feb. 40(14-15):1121-7. [Medline] .[emedicine.medscape.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • A: It helps to understand the pathophysiology of aortic valve stenosis as to how it relates to difficulty breathing. When the aortic valve narrows over time, the blood won’t circulate efficiently.[healthline.com]
  • Etiology and Pathophysiology Rheumatic fever is a late inflammatory, nonsuppurative complication of pharyngitis that is caused by group A-hemolytic streptococci. [4] Rheumatic fever results from humoral and cellular-mediated immune responses occurring[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Bicuspid aortic valve disease: recent insights in pathophysiology and treatment. Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther. 2005;3(2):295-308. [ Links ] 50. Deshpande J, Kinare SG.. The bicuspid aortic valve - an autopsy study.[scielo.br]

Prevention

  • The cause of this defect is not known, but there is no evidence that it can be prevented during pregnancy.[heart-valve-surgery.com]
  • Normally, the aortic valve has three small flaps or leaflets that open widely and close securely to regulate blood flow, allowing blood to flow from the heart to the aorta and preventing blood from flowing backwards into the heart.[my.clevelandclinic.org]
  • SBE can usually be prevented by taking an antibiotic before these procedures How is the problem diagnosed? Symptoms: Bicuspid aortic valve without aortic stenosis does not cause any symptoms.[chd-uk.co.uk]
  • Repairing or replacing a valve can prevent lasting damage to your heart and sudden death.[nhlbi.nih.gov]
  • The aortic valve has three flaps, called leaflets, which open to allow blood to enter the aorta and close to prevent blood from flowing backwards into the heart.[nyulangone.org]

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